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Impact of rapid identification of positive blood cultures using the Verigene system on antibiotic prescriptions: A prospective study of community-onset bacteremia in a tertiary hospital in Japan

data capture tools hosted at JCRAC Data Center, NCGM. Author Contributions Conceptualization: Kayoko Hayakawa, Masao Kobayakawa, Norio Ohmagari. Data curation: Kayoko Hayakawa. Formal analysis ... : Kei Yamamoto, Masahiro Ishikane. Writing ± original draft: Kayoko Hayakawa. Writing ± review & editing: Kayoko Hayakawa, Masao Kobayakawa, Norio Ohmagari. 10 / 11 5. 1. Barlam TF , Cosgrove SE

Cytomegalovirus esophagitis developing during chemoradiotherapy for esophageal cancer: two case reports

Background It is well known that cytomegalovirus esophagitis occurs in immunosuppressed patients. However, few reports have described cytomegalovirus esophagitis occurring during chemoradiotherapy for esophageal cancer. Case presentation We report two cases of patients with cytomegalovirus esophagitis that developed during chemoradiotherapy for esophageal cancer. Cytomegalovirus...

Does the article, “Mass screening for gastric cancer: how to select patients for endoscopic examination,” satisfy criteria of scientific quality?

Masao Kobayakawa 0 To the Editor: 0 0 M. Kobayakawa (&) Department of Gastroenterology, National Center for Global Health and Medicine Hospital , 1-21-1 Toyama, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 162-8655, Japan

Association of Visceral Fat Area, Smoking, and Alcohol Consumption with Reflux Esophagitis and Barrett's Esophagus in Japan

Background Central obesity has been suggested as a risk factor for gastroesophageal reflux disease. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of visceral fat area and other lifestyle factors with reflux esophagitis or Barrett’s esophagus in Japanese population. Methods Individuals who received thorough medical examinations including the measurement of visceral fat...

Long-Term Trends in Esophageal Candidiasis Prevalence and Associated Risk Factors with or without HIV Infection: Lessons from an Endoscopic Study of 80,219 Patients

Background The prevalence of candida esophagitis (CE) might be changing in an era of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) among HIV-infected patients or today’s rapidly aging society among non-HIV-infected patients. However, few studies have investigated long-term CE trends, and CE risk factors have not been studied in a large sample, case-control study. This study aimed...

Accuracy of endoscopic diagnosis of Helicobacter pylori infection according to level of endoscopic experience and the effect of training

Background Accurate prediction of Helicobacter pylori infection status on endoscopic images can contribute to early detection of gastric cancer, especially in Asia. We identified the diagnostic yield of endoscopy for H. pylori infection at various endoscopist career levels and the effect of two years of training on diagnostic yield. Methods A total of 77 consecutive patients who...