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Genetic and environmental influences on conduct and antisocial personality problems in childhood, adolescence, and adulthood

Conduct problems in children and adolescents can predict antisocial personality disorder and related problems, such as crime and conviction. We sought an explanation for such predictions by performing a genetic longitudinal analysis. We estimated the effects of genetic, shared environmental, and unique environmental factors on variation in conduct problems measured at childhood and ...

Genetics of Wellbeing and Its Components Satisfaction with Life, Happiness, and Quality of Life: A Review and Meta-analysis of Heritability Studies

Wellbeing is a major topic of research across several disciplines, reflecting the increasing recognition of its strong value across major domains in life. Previous twin-family studies have revealed that individual differences in wellbeing are accounted for by both genetic as well as environmental factors. A systematic literature search identified 30 twin-family studies on wellbeing ...

Heritability of heart rate recovery and vagal rebound after exercise

Purpose The prognostic power of heart rate recovery (HRR) after exercise has been well established but the exact origin of individual differences in HRR remains unclear. This study aims to estimate the heritability of HRR and vagal rebound after maximal exercise in adolescents. Furthermore, the role of voluntary regular exercise behavior (EB) in HRR and vagal rebound is tested. ...

Heritability of Behavioral Problems in 7-Year Olds Based on Shared and Unique Aspects of Parental Views

Beijsterveldt, Christel M. Middeldorp, Meike Bartels, Dorret I. Boomsma declare no conflict of interest. Human and animal rights and Informed consent Twin families are voluntarily registered with the NTR and the

Individual Differences in Exercise Behavior: Stability and Change in Genetic and Environmental Determinants From Age 7 to 18

, Spinozapremie 56-464-14192, VENI 451-04-034. CH is funded by a grant of the ReVanche Program EMGO?. Compliance with Ethical Standards Conflict of interest Charlotte Huppertz, Meike Bartels, Eveline L. de Zeeuw

Differences in Adolescent Physical Fitness: A Multivariate Approach and Meta-analysis

Register for their continued support of scientific research. Compliance with Ethical Standards Conflict of interest Nienke M. Schutte, Ineke Nederend, James J. Hudziak, Eco J. C. de Geus and Meike Bartels

Causes of individual differences in adolescent optimism: a study in Dutch twins and their siblings

The aim of this study was to investigate the degree to which genetic and environmental influences affect variation in adolescent optimism. Optimism (3 items and 6 items approach) and pessimism were assessed by the Life Orientation Test-Revised (LOT-R) in 5,187 adolescent twins and 999 of their non-twin siblings from the Netherlands Twin Register (NTR). Males reported significantly ...

Estimation of Genetic Relationships Between Individuals Across Cohorts and Platforms: Application to Childhood Height

. Davies, Fernando Rivadeneira, Henning Tiemeier, Morris A. Swertz, Christel M. Middeldorp, Meike Bartels and Dorret I. Boomsma declare no conflict of interest. Open Access This article is distributed

Heritability, SNP- and Gene-Based Analyses of Cannabis Use Initiation and Age at Onset

University Amsterdam. Conflict of interest Camelia C. Minica, Conor V. Dolan, Jouke-Jan Hottenga, Rene Pool, The Genome of the Netherlands Consortium, Iryna Fedko, Hamdi Mbarek, Charlotte Huppertz, Meike ... Bartels, Dorret I. Boomsma and Jacqueline M. Vink have no conflict of interest to declare. Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent The study protocols were approved by the Central Ethics Committee on

GE Covariance Through Phenotype to Environment Transmission: An Assessment in Longitudinal Twin Data and Application to Childhood Anxiety

We considered identification of phenotype (at occasion t) to environment (at occasion t + 1) transmission in longitudinal model comprising genetic, common and unique environmental simplex models (autoregressions). This type of transmission, which gives rise to genotype-environment covariance, is considered to be important in developmental psychology. Having established identifying ...

Educational Attainment Influences Levels of Homozygosity through Migration and Assortative Mating

Individuals with a higher education are more likely to migrate, increasing the chance of meeting a spouse with a different ancestral background. In this context, the presence of strong educational assortment can result in greater ancestry differences within more educated spouse pairs, while less educated individuals are more likely to mate with someone with whom they share more ...

Exploring the Association Between Well-Being and Psychopathology in Adolescents

Promotion of mental well-being and prevention of emotional and behavioral problems are suggested to go hand in hand. The present study examined the association between subjective well-being (SWB) and psychopathology and investigated the etiology of this association in a large population-based cohort study of adolescent twins (n = 9,136) and their non-twin siblings (n = 1,474) aged ...

Born to be Happy? The Etiology of Subjective Well-Being

Meike Bartels 0 Dorret I. Boomsma 0 0 M. Bartels (&) D. I. Boomsma Department of Biological Psychology, VU University , Van der Boechorststraat 1, 1081 BT Amsterdam, The Netherlands Subjective

Increases in alcohol consumption in women and elderly groups: evidence from an epidemiological study

Background In most Western countries, alcohol consumption continues to increase, specifically among women and older adults. Insight into these trends may aid intervention strategies. Here we present data on alcohol consumption by age and sex as well as associations between alcohol use and demographic lifestyle/traits. The data are from a large (N>16,000) population-based Dutch ...

Childhood problem behavior and parental divorce: evidence for gene–environment interaction

). Meike Bartels is financially supported by a senior fellowship of the EMGO? Institute for Health and Care. Sylvana Robbers is supported by the Sophia Childrens Hospital Foundation, project number 483

Trajectories of CBCL Attention Problems in childhood

The first aim of this study was to identify developmental trajectories of Attention Problems in twins followed from age 6 to 12 years. Second, we investigated whether singletons follow similar trajectories. Maternal longitudinal ratings on the Attention Problems (AP) subscale of the Child Behavior Checklist were obtained for a sample of 12,486 twins from the Netherlands Twin ...

The Construction and Validation of an Abridged Version of the Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ-Short)

This study reports on the development and validation of an abridged version of the 50-item Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ), a self-report measure of autistic traits. We aimed to reduce the number of items whilst retaining high validity and a meaningful factor structure. The item reduction procedure was performed on data from 1,263 Dutch students and general population adults. The ...

Pre-divorce problems in 3-year-olds: a prospective study in boys and girls

MH58799-03), and Bridge Award (NIMH R56). Meike Bartels is financially supported by a NWO (Veni; Grant number: 451-04-034). Sylvana Robbers is supported by the Sophia Childrens Hospital Foundation, project

Which patient will feel down, which will be happy? The need to study the genetic disposition of emotional states

twins to estimate genetic and environmental components of variance. GENEQOL Consortium participants per March 2009 Education, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA, US; Meike Bartels, Department of

Stable Genetic Effects on Symptoms of Alcohol Abuse and Dependence from Adolescence into Early Adulthood

Relatively little is known about how genetic influences on alcohol abuse and dependence (AAD) change with age. We examined the change in influence of genetic and environmental factors which explain symptoms of AAD from adolescence into early adulthood. Symptoms of AAD were assessed using the four AAD screening questions of the CAGE inventory. Data were obtained up to six times by ...