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Energy Efficiency Design for Secure MISO Cognitive Radio Network Based on a Nonlinear EH Model

In this work, we investigate the secrecy energy efficiency (SEE) optimization problem for a multiple-input single-output (MISO) cognitive radio (CR) network based on a practical nonlinear energy-harvesting (EH) model. In particular, the energy receiver (ER) is assumed to be a potential eavesdropper due to the open architecture of a CR network with simultaneous wireless...

Ensilage of oats and wheatgrass under natural alpine climatic conditions by indigenous lactic acid bacteria species isolated from high-cold areas

. 41101244), a grant (No. 152300410037) from Henan Province of China. Author Contributions Conceptualization: Miao Zhang, Zhongfang Tan. Data curation: Miao Zhang. Formal analysis: Miao Zhang. Funding ... acquisition: Yanping Wang, Zhen Jiao, Zhongfang Tan. Investigation: Miao Zhang, Meiyan Cui. Resources: Miao Zhang, Xiaojie Wang. Software: Miao Zhang. Supervision: Zhongfang Tan. Writing ± original draft

Authorship attribution of source code by using back propagation neural network based on particle swarm optimization

Contributions Conceptualization: Qi Li. Data curation: Xinyu Yang. Funding acquisition: Guoai Xu. Investigation: Xinyu Yang, Qi Li. Methodology: Xinyu Yang, Guoai Xu, Qi Li, Yanhui Guo, Miao Zhang. Project ... administration: Xinyu Yang. Resources: Xinyu Yang, Miao Zhang. Software: Xinyu Yang. Supervision: Guoai Xu, Qi Li, Yanhui Guo, Miao Zhang. Validation: Xinyu Yang, Miao Zhang. Writing ± original draft: Xinyu

Inhibition of GRP78 abrogates radioresistance in oropharyngeal carcinoma cells after EGFR inhibition by cetuximab

) Acknowledgments This study was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 81402521). Author Contributions Conceptualization: Yuanjun Jiang, Qiao Qiao. Data curation: Ning Han, Miao Zhang ... . Resources: Guang Li, Qiao Qiao. 14 / 17 Software: Chaonan Sun, Chuyang Han. Supervision: Qiao Qiao. Validation: Ning Han, Miao Zhang. Visualization: Chuyang Han. Writing ± original draft: Chaonan Sun

The soil seed bank of a rehabilitated draw-down zone and its similarity to standing vegetation in the Three Gorges Reservoir Area

The reverse seasonal flooding that resulted from the construction of the Three Gorges Project has induced a drastic degradation of draw-down zone vegetation and the seed bank in the reservoir. The composition and distribution of seed banks and their similarities to standing vegetation were determined through field investigations and germination experiments on the vegetation as...

The effects of the reverse seasonal flooding on soil texture within the hydro-fluctuation belt in the Three Gorges reservoir, China

Purpose The formation of the large hydro-fluctuation belt at the altitude of 145–175 m, following the construction of the Three Gorges Dam, developed from the terrestrial system in the Three Gorges reservoir. This research mainly concerned the effects of the resultant reverse seasonal flooding on soil texture. Materials and methods Four field experimental plots were designed with...

Survey on Driverless Train Operation for Urban Rail Transit Systems

The length of metro lines with driverless train operation (DTO) systems is increasing globally and is predicted to triple in the next 10 years. This paper gives the history and future trend of the DTO systems. The opportunities provided by the DTO systems, such as lower operation costs, increased capacity, and energy efficiency, are explained and the relevant research are...

A density-based material balance equation for the analysis of liquid-rich natural gas systems

This study analytically cross examines the consistency among available zero-dimensional material balance equations (MBEs) for liquid-rich gas equations and derive a new simple yet rigorous MBE starting from governing equations applicable to these systems. We propose a new zero-dimensional (tank) material balance equation directly applicable to the analysis of liquid-rich (wet and...

Identification of a novel linear B-cell epitope using a monoclonal antibody against the carboxy terminus of the canine distemper virus nucleoprotein and sequence analysis of the identified epitope in different CDV isolates

The Nucleoprotein (NP) is the most abundant and highly immunogenic protein in canine distemper virus (CDV), playing an important role in CDV viral replication and assembly. In this study, a specific monoclonal antibody, named C8, was produced against the NP protein C terminal (amino acids 401–523). A linear N protein epitope was identified by subjecting a series of partially...

Tracheid cell-wall structures and locations of (1 → 4)-β-d-galactans and (1 → 3)-β-d-glucans in compression woods of radiata pine (Pinus radiata D. Don)

Background Compression wood (CW) forms on the underside of tilted stems of coniferous gymnosperms and opposite wood (OW) on the upperside. The tracheid walls of these wood types differ structurally and chemically. Although much is known about the most severe form of CW, severe CW (SCW), mild CWs (MCWs), also occur, but less is known about them. In this study, tracheid wall...

Rare variants of small effect size in neuronal excitability genes influence clinical outcome in Japanese cases of SCN1A truncation-positive Dravet syndrome

Dravet syndrome (DS) is a rare, devastating form of childhood epilepsy that is often associated with mutations in the voltage-gated sodium channel gene, SCN1A. There is considerable variability in expressivity within families, as well as among individuals carrying the same primary mutation, suggesting that clinical outcome is modulated by variants at other genes. To identify...

Towards a Molecular Level Understanding of the Multi-Electron Catalysis of Water Oxidation on Metal Oxide Surfaces

Miao Zhang 0 Heinz Frei 0 0 M. Zhang H. Frei (&) Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Physical Biosciences Division, University of California , Berkeley, CA 94720 , USA Earth abundant metal

Effects of the seasonal flooding on riparian soil seed bank in the Three Gorges Reservoir Region: a case study in Shanmu River

Introduction The water-level fluctuation in the Three Gorges Reservoir Region has changed dramatically as a result of the hydroelectric project for flood control and power generation. The riparian seasonal hydrological environment also has changed from summer flooding with winter drought to summer drought with winter flooding. The changes of riparian seed bank and vegetation were...

Inactivation of Semicarbazide-Sensitive Amine Oxidase Stabilizes the Established Atherosclerotic Lesions via Inducing the Phenotypic Switch of Smooth Muscle Cells

Given that the elevated serum semicarbazide-sensitive amine oxidase (SSAO) activity is associated with the severity of carotid atherosclerosis in clinic, the current study aims to investigate whether SSAO inactivation by semicarbazide is beneficial for established atherosclerotic lesions in LDLr knockout mice on a high-fat/high- cholesterol Western-type diet or after dietary...

Effect of α-Amylase Degradation on Physicochemical Properties of Pre-High Hydrostatic Pressure-Treated Potato Starch

The effect of high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) on the susceptibility of potato starch (25%, w/v) suspended in water to degradation by exposure to bacterial α-amylase (0.02%, 0.04% and 0.06%, w/v) for 40 min at 25°C was investigated. Significant differences (p < 0.05) in the structure, morphology and physicochemical properties were observed. HHP-treated potato starch (PS) exposed...

Microstructure, optical properties, and catalytic performance of Cu2O-modified ZnO nanorods prepared by electrodeposition

Cu2O-modified ZnO nanorods are prepared by a two-step electrodeposition method on ITO substrates, and the deposition time of Cu2O is 0, 1, 5, and 10 min, respectively. Cu2O particles are embedded in the interspaces of the ZnO nanorods, and the amounts of the Cu2O particles increase obviously when the deposition time lasts longer. The peaks corresponding to ZnO nanorods and Cu2O...

Effect of Cynodon dactylon community on the conservation and reinforcement of riparian shallow soil in the Three Gorges Reservoir area

Introduction Riparian vegetation plays a crucial role in soil conservation and riverbank reinforcement. The Three Gorges hydrologic project has significantly changed the pattern of water-level fluctuation and riparian environment, which significantly influenced plant community development and its effect on soil conservation and riverbank protection. Cynodon dactylon, a perennial...

A quasi-boundary value regularization method for identifying an unknown source in the Poisson equation

In this paper, we consider the problem for identifying the unknown source in the Poisson equation in a half unbounded domain. A conditional stability result is given and a quasi-boundary value regularization method is presented to deal with this problem. For the regularization solution, the Hölder type stability estimate between the regularization solution and the exact solution...

The lncRNA CRNDE promotes colorectal cancer cell proliferation and chemoresistance via miR-181a-5p-mediated regulation of Wnt/β-catenin signaling

Background With more than 600,000 mortalities each year, colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most commonly diagnosed type of cancer worldwide. Recently, mechanisms involving noncoding RNAs have been implicated in the development of CRC. Methods We examined expression levels of lncRNA CRNDE and miR-181a-5p in 64 cases of CRC tissues and cell lines by qRT-PCR. Gain-of-function and...