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37 papers found.
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Termination of pregnancy and sterilisation in women with childhood-onset type 1 diabetes

Helsinki , Helsinki , Finland 3 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Helsinki , Helsinki , Finland 4 Mika Gissler 5 Lena Sjöberg 6 Diabetes Research Group, King Abdulaziz University

Perinatal outcomes after induced termination of pregnancy by methods: A nationwide register-based study of first births in Finland 1996–2013

used for termination. Author Contributions Conceptualization: Situ KC, Elina Hemminki, Mika Gissler, Reija Klemetti. Data curation: Mika Gissler. Formal analysis: Situ KC. Funding acquisition: Situ ... KC, Reija Klemetti. Investigation: Situ KC, Reija Klemetti. Methodology: Situ KC, Reija Klemetti. Project administration: Situ KC, Mika Gissler, Reija Klemetti. 8 / 10 Resources: Situ KC, Suvi M

Maternal cancer and congenital anomalies in children – a Danish nationwide cohort study

Several studies on pregnancy-associated cancers have suggested an association with congenital anomalies in offspring. Previous studies have included maternal cancers diagnosed up to 2 years after pregnancy; however, long latency periods of some cancers mean that cancers diagnosed many years postpartum might have been present during pregnancy in a preclinical state. This paper ...

Maternal Smoking and the Risk of Cancer in Early Life – A Meta-Analysis

Background In spite of the well-known harmful effects on the fetus, many women continue smoking during pregnancy. Smoking as an important source of toxic chemicals may contribute to the developmental origin of diseases. Objectives The aim of this work was to pursue the possible association between maternal smoking and cancer in early life. Specifically, we wanted to identify the ...

Mortality in Children Aged 0-9 Years: A Nationwide Cohort Study from Three Nordic Countries

Background Mortality in children under five years has been widely studied, whereas mortality at 5–9 years has received little attention. Using unique data from national registers in three Nordic countries, we aimed to characterize mortality directionality in children aged 0 to 9 years. Methods and Findings The cohort study included all children born in Denmark from 1973 to 2008 (n ...

The challenge of compiling data profiles to stimulate local preventive health action: a European case study from child safety

Objectives Positive recent experience of presenting comparative child safety data at national level has instigated policy action in Europe. It was hoped a Child Safety Index could quantify how safe a community, region or locality is for its children in comparison with similar areas within Europe, as a focus for local targeted action. Methods Validated indicators proposed by ...

Cancer Incidence among Patients with Anorexia Nervosa from Sweden, Denmark and Finland

A diet with restricted energy content reduces the occurrence of cancer in animal experiments. It is not known if the underlying mechanism also exists in human beings. To determine whether cancer incidence is reduced among patients with anorexia nervosa who tend to have a low intake of energy, we carried out a retrospective cohort study of 22 654 women and 1678 men diagnosed with ...

Influence of delivery characteristics and socioeconomic status on giving birth by caesarean section – a cross sectional study during 2000–2010 in Finland

Background Caesarean section (CS) rates especially without medical indication are rising worldwide. Most of indications for CS are relative and CS rates for various indications vary widely. There is an increasing tendency to perform CSs without medical indication on maternal request. Women with higher socioeconomic status (SES) are more likely to give birth by CS. We aimed to study ...

Prevalence of overweight in 2 to 17 year-old children and adolescents whose parents live separately: a Nordic cross-sectional study

Background Comparative data of parental separation and childhood overweight has not been available before across the Nordic countries. The aim of this study was to examine the within-country prevalence and association between parental cohabitation and overweight in Nordic children. Methods A cross-sectional survey of 2-17-year-old children was conducted in 2011, titled: ...

Unemployment at municipality level is associated with an increased risk of small for gestational age births � a multilevel analysis of all singleton births during 2005�2010 in Finland

Introduction Neighbourhood level deprivation has been shown to influence adverse perinatal outcomes independent of individual level socioeconomic status (SES) in countries with high income inequality, such as the United States. The present study evaluates whether municipality level deprivation defined based on education (proportion of inhabitants with university level education), ...

The Association of Episiotomy with Obstetric Anal Sphincter Injury–A Population Based Matched Cohort Study

Objectives To estimate the independent association of episiotomy with obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASIS) using first a cross-sectional and then a matched pair analysis. Design A matched cohort. Setting Data was gathered from the Finnish Medical Birth Register from 2004–2011. Population All singleton vaginal births (n = 303,758). Methods Women resulting matched pairs (n = ...

Patterns in mortality among people with severe mental disorders across birth cohorts: a register-based study of Denmark and Finland in 1982–2006

Background Mortality among patients with mental disorders is higher than in general population. By using national longitudinal registers, we studied mortality changes and excess mortality across birth cohorts among people with severe mental disorders in Denmark and Finland. Methods A cohort of all patients admitted with a psychiatric disorder in 1982–2006 was followed until death ...

Mortality after Parental Death in Childhood: A Nationwide Cohort Study from Three Nordic Countries

Jiong Li and colleagues examine mortality rates in children who lost a parent before 18 years old compared with those who did not using population-based data from Denmark, Sweden, and Finland. Please see later in the article for the Editors' Summary

An International Contrast of Rates of Placental Abruption: An Age-Period-Cohort Analysis

-reproductive-health/parturientsdeliveries-and-births/perinatal-statistics-parturientsdelivers-and-newborns Contact: Mika Gissler, THL National Institute for Health and Welfare, PO BOX 30, 00271 Helsinki, Finland

Contribution of Risk Factors to Extremely, Very and Moderately Preterm Births – Register-Based Analysis of 1,390,742 Singleton Births

Background Preterm birth, defined as birth occurring before 37 weeks gestation, is one of the most significant contributors to neonatal mortality and morbidity, with long-term adverse consequences for health, and cognitive outcome. Objective The aim of the present study was to identify risk factors of preterm birth (≤36+6 weeks gestation) among singleton births and to quantify the ...

Birth weight, gestational age, fetal growth and childhood asthma hospitalization

Background Childhood asthma may have a fetal origin through fetal growth and development of the immunocompetence or respiratory organs. Objective We examined to which extent short gestational age, low birth weight and fetal growth restriction were associated with an increased risk of asthma hospitalization in childhood. Methods We undertook a cohort study based on several national ...

Differences in perinatal and infant mortality in high-income countries: artifacts of birth registration or evidence of true differences?

Background Variation in birth registration criteria may compromise international comparisons of fetal and infant mortality. We examined the effect of birth registration practices on fetal and infant mortality rates to determine whether observed differences in perinatal and infant mortality rates were artifacts of birth registration or reflected true differences in health status. ...

The Increased Risk for Autoimmune Diseases in Patients with Eating Disorders

Objective Research suggests autoimmune processes to be involved in psychiatric disorders. We aimed to address the prevalence and incidence of autoimmune diseases in a large Finnish patient cohort with anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge eating disorder. Methods Patients (N = 2342) treated at the Eating Disorder Unit of Helsinki University Central Hospital between 1995 and ...

Psychological Stress and Hospitalization for Childhood Asthma-a Nationwide Cohort Study in Two Nordic Countries

ObjectiveExposures to psychological stress in early life may contribute to the development or exacerbation of asthma. We undertook a cohort study based on data from several population-based registers in Denmark and Sweden to examine whether bereavement in childhood led to increased asthma hospitalization. MethodsAll singleton children born in Denmark during 1977-2008 and in Sweden ...

The risk of childhood autism among second-generation migrants in Finland: a case–control study

Background Studying second-generation immigrants can help in identifying genetic or environmental risk factors for childhood autism. Most previous studies have focused on maternal region of birth and showed inconsistent results. No previous study has been conducted in Finland. Methods The study was a nested case–control study based on a national birth cohort. Children born in ...