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63 papers found.
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An International Contrast of Rates of Placental Abruption: An Age-Period-Cohort Analysis

-reproductive-health/parturientsdeliveries-and-births/perinatal-statistics-parturientsdelivers-and-newborns Contact: Mika Gissler, THL National Institute for Health and Welfare, PO BOX 30, 00271 Helsinki, Finland

Assisted reproduction using donated embryos: outcomes from surveillance systems in six countries†

BACKGROUND Embryo donation, though less often performed than other assisted reproductive technology (ART), can represent an attractive option for couples who do not wish to discard their embryos remaining after IVF, and for those who cannot or should not conceive naturally. Clinicians and potential participants could benefit from information comparing outcomes of embryo donation ...

Birth weight, gestational age, fetal growth and childhood asthma hospitalization

Background Childhood asthma may have a fetal origin through fetal growth and development of the immunocompetence or respiratory organs. Objective We examined to which extent short gestational age, low birth weight and fetal growth restriction were associated with an increased risk of asthma hospitalization in childhood. Methods We undertook a cohort study based on several national ...

Can the outcome of the next pregnancy be predicted at the time of induced abortion?

BACKGROUND Factors predicting the outcome of the next pregnancy following termination of pregnancy (TOP) are poorly known. METHODS A cohort of 1269 women undergoing medical TOP between 2000 and 2002 were followed up until the next pregnancy or until the end of 2006, using registers of induced abortion, births and hospital discharges. Factors associated with repeat TOP, delivery and ...

Cancer Incidence among Patients with Anorexia Nervosa from Sweden, Denmark and Finland

A diet with restricted energy content reduces the occurrence of cancer in animal experiments. It is not known if the underlying mechanism also exists in human beings. To determine whether cancer incidence is reduced among patients with anorexia nervosa who tend to have a low intake of energy, we carried out a retrospective cohort study of 22 654 women and 1678 men diagnosed with ...

Comparison of perinatal health of children born from IVF in Finland in the early and late 1990s

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether perinatal health outcomes changed during the 1990s with the increasing use of IVF. METHODS: Data were from the Finnish Medical Birth Register for periods 1991–1993 and 1998–1999. Outcomes of IVF infants and other infants were compared, both overall and separately for singleton and multiple births, by adjusting for ...

Complications of IVF and ovulation induction

BACKGROUND: The frequency and importance of complications of IVF and other ovulation induction (OI) are poorly known. We examined the occurrence of serious complications and miscarriages leading to hospitalization or operation after IVF (including microinjections and frozen embryo transfers) and OI treatment (with or without insemination). METHODS: Women who received IVF (n = 9175) ...

Contribution of Risk Factors to Extremely, Very and Moderately Preterm Births – Register-Based Analysis of 1,390,742 Singleton Births

Background Preterm birth, defined as birth occurring before 37 weeks gestation, is one of the most significant contributors to neonatal mortality and morbidity, with long-term adverse consequences for health, and cognitive outcome. Objective The aim of the present study was to identify risk factors of preterm birth (≤36+6 weeks gestation) among singleton births and to quantify the ...

Contribution of socioeconomic status to the risk of small for gestational age infants – a population-based study of 1,390,165 singleton live births in Finland

Background Small for gestational age (SGA) infants are at increased risk of short- and long-term adverse outcomes. Methods Population-based case–control study using data derived from the Finnish Medical Birth Register for the years 1987–2010 (total population of singleton live births n = 1,390,165). The aim was to quantify the importance of risk factors for SGA and describe their ...

Development of the Migrant Friendly Maternity Care Questionnaire (MFMCQ) for migrants to Western societies: an international Delphi consensus process

Anita J Gagnon 0 1 Rebecca DeBruyn Birgitta Essn Mika Gissler Maureen Heaman Zeinab Jeambey Dineke Korfker Christine McCourt Carolyn Roth Jennifer Zeitlin Rhonda Small for the ROAM Collaboration 0 ... ), Birgitta Essn (Uppsala University, Sweden), Anita J Gagnon and Lisa Merry (McGill University and McGill University Health Centre Research Institute, Canada), Mika Gissler (National Institute for Health and

Differences in perinatal and infant mortality in high-income countries: artifacts of birth registration or evidence of true differences?

Background Variation in birth registration criteria may compromise international comparisons of fetal and infant mortality. We examined the effect of birth registration practices on fetal and infant mortality rates to determine whether observed differences in perinatal and infant mortality rates were artifacts of birth registration or reflected true differences in health status. ...

Excess Mortality, Causes of Death and Life Expectancy in 270,770 Patients with Recent Onset of Mental Disorders in Denmark, Finland and Sweden

, Finland and Sweden Merete Nordentoft Kristian Wahlbeck Jonas Ha llgren Jeanette Westman Urban O sby Hassan Alinaghizadeh Mika Gissler Thomas Munk Laursen Thomas Burne, University of Queensland, Australia

Immediate adverse events after second trimester medical termination of pregnancy: results of a nationwide registry study

BACKGROUND Increasing gestational age is associated with an increased risk of complications in studies assessing surgical termination of pregnancy (TOP). Medical TOP is widely used during the second trimester and little is known about the frequency of complications. This epidemiological study was undertaken to assess the frequency of adverse events following the second trimester ...

Infant and childhood neurodevelopmental outcomes following prenatal exposure to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors: overview and design of a Finnish Register-Based Study (FinESSI)

) Heli Malm 0 1 Miia Artama Alan S Brown Mika Gissler David Gyllenberg Susanna Hinkka-Yli-Salomki Ian McKeague Andre Sourander 0 Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Helsinki University and Helsinki

Infertility Treatment and Umbilical Cord Length–Novel Markers of Childhood Epilepsy?

Background Epilepsy is one of the most common neurologic disorders of childhood, affecting about 0.4−0.8% of all children up to the age of 20. Methodology A population-based retrospective cohort study. Aim was to determine incidence and identify perinatal and reproductive risk factors of epilepsy in children born between 1989 and 2008 among women (n = 43,389) delivered in Kuopio ...

Influence of delivery characteristics and socioeconomic status on giving birth by caesarean section – a cross sectional study during 2000–2010 in Finland

Background Caesarean section (CS) rates especially without medical indication are rising worldwide. Most of indications for CS are relative and CS rates for various indications vary widely. There is an increasing tendency to perform CSs without medical indication on maternal request. Women with higher socioeconomic status (SES) are more likely to give birth by CS. We aimed to study ...

International Comparisons of Fetal and Neonatal Mortality Rates in High-Income Countries: Should Exclusion Thresholds Be Based on Birth Weight or Gestational Age?

Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University (Denmark); Luule Sakkeus, Estonian Institute for Population Studies, Tallinn University (Estonia); Mika Gissler, THL National Institute for Health and Welfare (Finland ... Ruuge, National Institute for Health Development, Department of Health Statistics; Finland Mika Gissler, National Research and Development Centre for Welfare and Health (STAKES); Anneli Pouta National

Intrauterine contraception: incidence and factors associated with uterine perforation—a population-based study

STUDY QUESTION What are the incidence and factors associated with uterine perforation by modern copper intrauterine device (Cu-IUD) and the levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS)?

Life Expectancy and Death by Diseases of the Circulatory System in Patients with Bipolar Disorder or Schizophrenia in the Nordic Countries

llgren Jeanette Westman Urban O sby Hassan Alinaghizadeh Mika Gissler Merete Nordentoft Marianna Mazza, Catholic University of Sacred Heart of Rome, Italy Objective: Excess mortality from diseases and

Maternal Smoking and the Risk of Cancer in Early Life – A Meta-Analysis

Background In spite of the well-known harmful effects on the fetus, many women continue smoking during pregnancy. Smoking as an important source of toxic chemicals may contribute to the developmental origin of diseases. Objectives The aim of this work was to pursue the possible association between maternal smoking and cancer in early life. Specifically, we wanted to identify the ...