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Vildagliptin increases butyrate-producing bacteria in the gut of diabetic rats

grateful to Beijing Compass Biotechnology Company for excellent technical assistance with 16s sequencing experiments. Author Contributions Conceptualization: Xinhua Xiao. Formal analysis: Ming Li, Miao Yu

Short cavity DFB fiber laser based vector hydrophone for low frequency signal detection

A short cavity distributed feedback (DFB) fiber laser is used for low frequency acoustic signal detection. Three DFB fiber lasers with different central wavelengths are chained together to make three-element vector hydrophone with proper sensitivity enhancement design, which has extensive and significant applications to underwater acoustic monitoring for the national defense, oil, ...

The impacts of market reform on the market penetration of natural gas-fired electricity and renewable energy in China

Natural gas-fired electricity (NGFE) is expected to play a more important role in the future due to its characteristics of low pollution, high efficiency and flexibility. However, its development in China is impeded by its high regulation price compared with coal power. Market reform is therefore of vital importance to promote the penetration of NGFE. The objective of this study is ...

Type-Aware Question Answering over Knowledge Base with Attention-Based Tree-Structured Neural Networks

School of Information , Renmin University of China, Beijing. His research interests include social content analysis, microblogging mining, burst mining and topic modeling. Xiao-Ming Li received his Ph.D

PD-1 and CTLA-4 up regulation on donor T cells is insufficient to prevent GvHD in allo-HSCT recipients

: Mohammad S. Hossain, David L. Jaye, Edmund K. Waller. Investigation: Mohammad S. Hossain, Ghada M. Kunter, Vicky F. El-Najjar, David L. Jaye, Zaid Al-Kadhimi, Owonikoko K. Taofeek, Jian-Ming Li ... . Methodology: Mohammad S. Hossain, Edmund K. Waller. Project administration: Edmund K. Waller. Supervision: Edmund K. Waller. Visualization: Mohammad S. Hossain, Jian-Ming Li, Edmund K. Waller. Writing

Endothelial keratoplasty versus repeat penetrating keratoplasty after failed penetrating keratoplasty: A systematic review and meta-analysis

, Yan Wei Kang, Jing Liang He. Formal analysis: Tao Zhang, Shi-Ming Li. Funding acquisition: Feng Wang, Shao-Wei Li. Methodology: Shi-Ming Li. Project administration: Feng Wang, Shao-Wei Li ... . Resources: Feng Wang, Shi-Ming Li, Shao-Wei Li. Software: Shi-Ming Li. Supervision: Feng Wang, Shi-Ming Li, Shao-Wei Li. Validation: Feng Wang, Shao-Wei Li. Writing ± review & editing: Feng Wang, Shi-Ming

Investigation of a novel structure for 6PolSK-QPSK modulation

Benefiting from the high spectrum efficiency and power efficiency, 6PolSK-QPSK (6-ary polarization-shift keying quadrature phase-shift keying) is a promising modulation format in coherent optical communication. We proposed a novel structure to generate the 6PolSK-QPSK with two dual-drive MZMs. Simulation results show that the proposed structure can generate 6PolSK-QPSK effectively ...

Construction and analyses of the microRNA-target gene differential regulatory network in thyroid carcinoma

Thyroid-carcinoma (THCA) is the most common malignancy with an increasing incidence. Recent evidence has emphasized the role of microRNA (miRNA) in THCA. However, knowledge concerning the roles of miRNAs in THCA is still limited. We therefore use a miRNA-target gene differential regulatory network (MGDRN) to identify key miRNAs and characterize their synergistic regulation in THCA. ...

A technique system for the measurement, reconstruction and character extraction of rice plant architecture

This study developed a technique system for the measurement, reconstruction, and trait extraction of rice canopy architectures, which have challenged functional–structural plant modeling for decades and have become the foundation of the design of ideo-plant architectures. The system uses the location-separation-measurement method (LSMM) for the collection of data on the canopy ...

Carrier transport characteristics of H-terminated diamond films prepared using molecular hydrogen and atomic hydrogen

The H-terminated diamond films, which exhibit high surface conductivity, have been used in high-frequency and high-power electronic devices. In this paper, the surface conductive channel on specimens from the same diamond film was obtained by hydrogen plasma treatment and by heating under a hydrogen atmosphere, respectively, and the surface carrier transport characteristics of both ...

Identification of odorant binding proteins and chemosensory proteins in Microplitis mediator as well as functional characterization of chemosensory protein 3

Editing Services. Author Contributions Conceptualization: Rui-Jun Li, Yong-Jun Zhang, Yu-Yuan Guo. Data curation: Yong Peng, Shan-Ning Wang, Ke-Ming Li, Jing-Tao Liu, Yao Zheng, Shuang Shan, Ye-Qing ... Yang, Rui-Jun Li, Yong-Jun Zhang. Formal analysis: Yong Peng, Shan-Ning Wang, Yong-Jun Zhang. Funding acquisition: Yong-Jun Zhang, Yu-Yuan Guo. Investigation: Yong Peng, Shan-Ning Wang, Ke-Ming Li

Effect of miR-146 targeted HDMCP up-regulation in the pathogenesis of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis

Backgrounds/Aims Mitochondrial dysfunction plays an important role inthe pathogenesis of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), where uncoupling protein (UCP) is actively involved. We previously reported the uncoupling activity of HDMCP and its role in liver steatosis. We now aim to investigate the degree and therapeutic effect of HDMCP in NASH and the regulatory role of miR-146 on ...

Distribution and associations of intraocular pressure in 7- and 12-year-old Chinese children: The Anyang Childhood Eye Study

Conceptualization: Shuning Li, Shi-Ming Li, Xiao-lei Wang, Luo-Ru Liu, He Li, Siyan Zhan, Ningli Wang. 7 / 10 Data curation: Shi-Ming Li, Xiao-lei Wang, Meng-Tian Kang, Shi-Fei Wei, An-Ran Ran. Formal analysis ... : Shuning Li, Xiao-lei Wang, Siyan Zhan, Ravi Thomas. Funding acquisition: Luo-Ru Liu, Ningli Wang. Investigation: Shi-Ming Li, Meng-Tian Kang, Luo-Ru Liu, He Li, Shi-Fei Wei, An-Ran Ran. Methodology: Shi

Development of high sensitivity eight-element multiplexed fiber laser acoustic pressure hydrophone array and interrogation system

Fiber laser hydrophones have got widespread concerns due to the unique advantages and broad application prospects. In this paper, the research results of the eight-element multiplexed fiber laser acoustic pressure array and the interrogation system are introduced, containing low-noise distributed feedback fiber laser (DFB-FL) fabrication, sensitivity enhancement packaging, and ...

Albuminuria and its associated biomedical factors among indigenous adults in Far North Queensland: a 7-year follow up study

Background To document albuminuria prevalence and its associated factors in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (TSI) adults with high renal and metabolic risks from 19 rural and remote north Queensland communities. Methods One thousand nine hundred seventy-one indigenous adults were enrolled in 1998 and 566 completed follow up in 2007 in this population-based study. Measurements ...

Evolutionary History of a Desert Shrub Ephedra przewalskii (Ephedraceae): Allopatric Divergence and Range Shifts in Northwestern China

Based on two chloroplast DNA sequences, psbA-trnH and trnT-trnF, phylogeographical patterns of a desert shrub, Ephedra przewalskii, were examined across most of its geographic range in northwestern China. A total of sixteen haplotypes were detected. There was a common haplotype in each basin, that was haplotype A in Tarim Basin, haplotype G in Junggar Basin, and haplotype M in ...

The value of dynamic contrast–enhanced MRI in characterizing complex ovarian tumors

Background The study aimed to investigate the utility of dynamic contrast enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) in the differentiation of malignant, borderline, and benign complex ovarian tumors. Methods DCE-MRI data of 102 consecutive complex ovarian tumors (benign 15, borderline 16, and malignant 71), confirmed by surgery and histopathology, were analyzed retrospectively. The patterns (I, II, ...

Phylogeographic History of Atraphaxis Plants in Arid Northern China and the Origin of A. bracteata in the Loess Plateau

In China, species of Atraphaxis (Polygonaceae) primarily inhabit arid zones across temperate steppe and desert regions. The complex geologic history (e.g., expansion of deserts) and extreme climate shifts of the region appear to have played an important role in shaping the phylogeography of Atraphaxis. The present study focuses on species-level phylogeographic patterns of ...

Correction: Nur77 deficiency in mice accelerates tumor invasion and metastasis by facilitating TNFα secretion and lowering CSF-1R expression

affiliation for the tenth author is not indicated. Jian-Ming Li is also affiliated with: OPEN ACCESS 1. Li X-M , Wang J-R , Shen T , Gao S-S , He X-S , Li J-N , et al. ( 2017 ) Nur77 deficiency in mice