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Stochastic Simulation of Soot Formation Evolution in Counterflow Diffusion Flames

Soot generally refers to carbonaceous particles formed during incomplete combustion of hydrocarbon fuels. A typical simulation of soot formation and evolution contains two parts: gas chemical kinetics, which models the chemical reaction from hydrocarbon fuels to soot precursors, that is, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons or PAHs, and soot dynamics, which models the soot formation...

Impact of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell immunomodulation on the osteogenic effects of laponite

BackgroundWith the development of osteoimmunology and bone tissue engineering (BTE), it has been recognized that the immunomodulatory properties of bone biomaterials have considerable impact in determining their fate after implantation. In this regard, the polarization of macrophages secondary to biomaterials is postulated to play a crucial role in modulating their osteogenesis...

A Novel Ultrasensitive In Situ Hybridization Approach to Detect Short Sequences and Splice Variants with Cellular Resolution

Investigating the expression of RNAs that differ by short or single nucleotide sequences at a single-cell level in tissue has been limited by the sensitivity and specificity of in situ hybridization (ISH) techniques. Detection of short isoform-specific sequences requires RNA isolation for PCR analysis—an approach that loses the regional and cell-type-specific distribution of...

Chitosan oligosaccharide ameliorates acute lung injury induced by blast injury through the DDAH1/ADMA pathway

. Validation: Zhou Tong. Writing ± original draft: Yun-En Liu. Writing ± review & editing: Hong-Xu Jin, Ming-Xiao Hou. 11 / 14 12 / 14 13 / 14 1. Born CT . Blast trauma: the fourth weapon of mass destruction

Metaproteomics analysis of the functional insights into microbial communities of combined hydrogen and methane production by anaerobic fermentation from reed straw

. 21406213, 51408572). 12 / 14 Author Contributions Formal analysis: Yang Yang, Yong Wang. Funding acquisition: Ming-Xiao Li. Writing ± original draft: Xuan Jia. Writing ± review & editing: Bei-Dou Xi. 13

Explicit Dynamic DDA Method considering Dynamic Contact Force

This paper proposes an explicit dynamic DDA method considering dynamic contact force, which aims at solving the problems of low efficiency of dynamic contact detection and the simulation of dynamic contact force in the conventional DDA method. The mutual contact between blocks can be regarded as the application of point loading on a single block, and the corresponding contact...

A Multiparameter Damage Constitutive Model for Rock Based on Separation of Tension and Shear

; Revised 3 August 2015; Accepted 6 August 2015 Academic Editor: Marek Lefik Copyright © 2015 YanHui Yuan and Ming Xiao. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution

The Research on Analytical Method of Diquat Dibromide in Diquat Technical Concentrates

The technical concentrates (TK) is prepared by technical material (TC), the content is lower than TC, it can be used for the preparation of pesticide formulations. Diquat TK is generally brown or dark brown liquid. In recent years, it develops rapidly as herbicides. This paper mainly introduces the research on analyses of the effective components in diquat TK.

Improved DDA Method Based on Explicitly Solving Contact Constraints

This paper proposes an improved DDA method based on explicitly solving contact constraints. The potential energy function generated by contacting, which contains only displacement variables as an unknown, is deduced based on the approximated step function and Lagrange interpolation, and the displacement variables and contact constraints are obtained via the variable metric method...

Resistive Switching Memory of TiO2 Nanowire Networks Grown on Ti Foil by a Single Hydrothermal Method

The resistive switching characteristics of TiO2 nanowire networks directly grown on Ti foil by a single-step hydrothermal technique are discussed in this paper. The Ti foil serves as the supply of Ti atoms for growth of the TiO2 nanowires, making the preparation straightforward. It also acts as a bottom electrode for the device. A top Al electrode was fabricated by e-beam...

Study on Fluid-Lining-Rock Coupling Interaction of Diversion Tunnel under Seismic Load

Fluid-lining-rock coupling interaction of diversion tunnel under seismic load is a critical problem in seismic research which should be solved urgently. Based on the explicit finite element method for dynamic analysis of single-phase fluid and solid medium and combining with the boundary conditions of coupling interface, a dynamic explicit finite element solving format of...

A partly-contacted epitaxial lateral overgrowth method applied to GaN material

Microelectronics, Xidian University, Xi’an, 710071, ChinaMing Xiao, Jincheng Zhang, Xiaoling Duan, Hengsheng Shan, Ting Yu, Jing Ning & Yue Hao AuthorsSearch for Ming Xiao in:Nature Research journals • PubMed

Three-Dimensional Numerical Analysis of Compound Lining in Complex Underground Surge-Shaft Structure

The mechanical behavior of lining structure of deep-embedded cylinder surge shaft with multifork tunnel is analyzed using three-dimensional nonlinear FEM. With the elastic-plastic constitutive relations of rock mass imported and the implicit bolt element and distributed concrete cracking model adopted, a computing method of complex surge shaft is presented for the simulation of...

CRISPR-CAS9 D10A nickase target-specific fluorescent labeling of double strand DNA for whole genome mapping and structural variation analysis

We have developed a new, sequence-specific DNA labeling strategy that will dramatically improve DNA mapping in complex and structurally variant genomic regions, as well as facilitate high-throughput automated whole-genome mapping. The method uses the Cas9 D10A protein, which contains a nuclease disabling mutation in one of the two nuclease domains of Cas9, to create a guide RNA...

NaCl pretreatment attenuates H.pylori-induced DNA damage and exacerbates proliferation of gastric epithelial cells (GES-1)

Background Both H. pylori infection and high salt (NaCl) diet are risks of gastric cancer, however, the interaction pattern of the two is not very clear. Our objective was to investigate the effects of NaCl-pretreated H. pylori on DNA damage and proliferation of gastric epithelial cell (GES-1). Methods GES-1 cells were co-cultured with H.pylori or NaCl-pretreated H. pylori (with...

Minocycline upregulates cyclic AMP response element binding protein and brain-derived neurotrophic factor in the hippocampus of cerebral ischemia rats and improves behavioral deficits

Minocycline upregulates cyclic AMP response element binding protein and brain-derived neurotrophic factor in the hippocampus of cerebral ischemia rats and improves behavioral deficits Yu Zhao,1 Ming ... improves behavioral deficits Ming Xiao 1 0 Department of Neurology, renmin hospital, hubei University of Medicine, shiyan renmin hospital , shiyan, hubei Province, People's republic of china 1 Department of

Maternal allergic disease history affects childhood allergy development through impairment of neonatal regulatory T-cells

conceived and designed the research. Shan-shan Meng wrote and edited the manuscript. Shan-shan Meng, Rong Gao, Bing-di Yan, Jin Ren, Fei Wu, Peng Chen, Jie Zhang, Li-fang Wang, Yuan-ming Xiao, Jing Liu make

Cerebral small vessel disease and Alzheimer’s disease

Cerebral small vessel disease and Alzheimer’s disease Zhiyou Cai,1 Chuanling Wang,1 Wenbo He,1 Hanjun Tu,2 Zhengang Tang,3 Ming Xiao,4 Liang-Jun Yan5 1Department of Neurology, Renmin Hospital, Hubei

Protocol of a prospective study for the combination treatment of Shu-Gan-jian-Pi decoction and steroid standard therapy in autoimmune hepatitis patients

Background Prednisone plus azathioprine is considered the mainstay of therapy in the current recommendations for autoimmune hepatitis (AIH). However, it does not provide good benefits for AIH patients because of its serious side effects. Therefore, more and more AIH patients prefer to seek for traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) to manage their symptoms and reduce the side effects...