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Medical expenditure and unmet need of the pre-elderly and the elderly according to job status in Korea: Are the elderly indeed most vulnerable?

those who are unemployed. Author Contributions Conceptualization: Hwa-Young Lee, Juhwan Oh. Formal analysis: Hwa-Young Lee. Methodology: Hwa-Young Lee, Naoki Kondo, Juhwan Oh. Supervision: Juhwan Oh ... . Writing ± original draft: Hwa-Young Lee. Writing ± review & editing: Naoki Kondo, Juhwan Oh. 11 / 12 1. Administration SS. Social Security Bulletin: Annual Statistical Supplement: US Government Printing

Association between Social Relationship and Glycemic Control among Older Japanese: JAGES Cross-Sectional Study

Aim The present study examined whether social support, informal socializing and social participation are associated with glycemic control in older people. Methods Data for this population-based cross-sectional study was obtained from the Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study (JAGES) 2010 linked to the annual health check-up data in Japan. We analyzed 9,554 individuals aged ≥65 ...

Correlates of Regular Participation in Sports Groups among Japanese Older Adults: JAGES Cross–Sectional Study

Background Participation in a sports group is key for the prevention of incident functional disability. Little is known about the correlates of older adults’ participation in sports groups, although this could assist with the development of effective health strategies. The purpose of this study was to identify the demographic and biological, psychosocial, behavioral, social and ...

Social participation and mortality: does social position in civic groups matter?

Background Social participation is known to predict longevity. However, little is known about the effect of social participation according to an individual’s position in civic groups. We evaluated the influence of social position on mortality, using data from a large cohort of Japanese older adults (the AGES cohort). Methods Of 14,804 individuals aged 65 years and older enrolled in ...

Neighborhood Characteristics and Cardiovascular Risk among Older People in Japan: Findings from the JAGES Project

Previous studies have found an association between neighborhood characteristics (i.e., aspects of the physical and social environment) and the incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and elevated CVD risk. This study investigated the relationship between neighborhood characteristics and CVD risk among older people in Japan where research on this association is scarce. Data came ...

Serum Albumin Levels and Economic Status in Japanese Older Adults

everyone who participated in the surveys. Competing Interests: AXA Fixed Income Fund, AXA Life Insurance Co. LTD. are both funds of Naoki Kondo. All authors including Naoki Kondo have declared that no

Differences in spousal influence on smoking cessation by gender and education among Japanese couples

Background Previous studies have reported that spousal non-smoking has a spillover effect on the partner’s cessation. However, discussion is lacking on the factors modifying that association. We examined whether the spillover effect of spousal non-smoking was associated with the couple’s educational attainment. Methods We used paired marital data from the Japanese Study on ...

Relative Deprivation, Poverty, and Subjective Health: JAGES Cross-Sectional Study

To evaluate the association between relative deprivation (lacking daily necessities) and subjective health in older Japanese adults, we performed a cross-sectional analysis using data from the Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study (JAGES). The data were obtained from functionally independent residents aged ≥65 years from 24 municipalities in Japan (n = 24,742). Thirteen items in ...

Relative deprivation and mortality – a longitudinal study in a Swedish population of 4,7 million, 1990–2006

Monica berg Yngwe 0 Naoki Kondo Sara Hgg 0 Ichiro Kawachi 0 Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS), Stockholm University/Karolinska Institutet , SE-106 91, Stockholm , Sweden Background: Relative

Developmental Trajectories of Body Mass Index Among Japanese Children and Impact of Maternal Factors during Pregnancy

Background The aims of this study were to 1) determine the distinct patterns of body mass index (BMI) trajectories in Japanese children, and 2) elucidate the maternal factors during pregnancy, which contribute to the determination of those patterns. Methodology/Principal Findings All of the children (1,644 individuals) born in Koshu City, Japan, between 1991 and 1998 were followed ...

Widowhood and Mortality: A Meta-Analysis

Background While the "widowhood effect" is well known, there is substantial heterogeneity in the magnitude of effects reported in different studies. We conducted a meta-analysis of widowhood and mortality, focusing on longitudinal studies with follow-up from the time of bereavement. Methods and Findings A random-effects meta-analysis was conducted to calculate the overall relative ...

Associations between the orexin (hypocretin) receptor 2 gene polymorphism Val308Ile and nicotine dependence in genome-wide and subsequent association studies

Background Many genetic and environmental factors are involved in the etiology of nicotine dependence. Although several candidate gene variations have been reported by candidate gene studies or genome-wide association studies (GWASs) to be associated with smoking behavior and the vulnerability to nicotine dependence, such studies have been mostly conducted with subjects with ...

Assessing the association between all-cause mortality and multiple aspects of individual social capital among the older Japanese

Background Few prospective cohort studies have assessed the association between social capital and mortality. The studies were conducted only in Western countries and did not use the same social capital indicators. The present prospective cohort study aimed to examine the relationships between various forms of individual social capital and all-cause mortality in Japan. Methods ...

Chondromodulin-1 directly suppresses growth of human cancer cells

Background Chondromodulin-1 (ChM1), an endogenous anti-angiogenic factor expressed in cartilage, has been suggested to inhibit invasion of endothelial cells into cartilage. In addition, the ectopic administration of ChM1 has been reported to suppress tumorigenesis in vivo. However, it is unclear whether the anti-tumor effect is due to not only the anti-vascularization effect of ...