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Animations designed to raise patient awareness of prudent antibiotic use: patient recall of key messages and their immediate effect on patient attitude

Harpal Dhillon 0 Neville Q. Verlander Cliodna A. M. McNulty 0 0 Public Health England, Primary Care Unit, Microbiology Department, Gloucester Royal Hospital , Great Western Road, Gloucester GL1 3NN

Excess Mortality Attributable to Clostridium difficile and Risk Factors for Infection in an Historic Cohort of Hospitalised Patients Followed Up in the United Kingdom Death Register

Methods We compared time from hospital admission to death in a probability sample of 100 Clostridium difficile infected cases and a probability sample of 98 non-cases admitted to an English teaching hospital between 2005 and 2007 with follow up in the UK national death register using survival analysis. Results Clostridium difficile infection was associated with a 50% increased risk ...

Using Interactive Family Science Shows to Improve Public Knowledge on Antibiotic Resistance: Does It Work?

The public plays an important role in controlling the emergence and spread of antibiotic resistance. A large British survey showed that there is still public misunderstanding about microbes and antibiotics. e-Bug, a European DG Sanco sponsored project, aims to disseminate a school antibiotic and hygiene educational pack and website across Europe. Interactive science shows based on ...

Fun on the Farm: Evaluation of a Lesson to Teach Students about the Spread of Infection on School Farm Visits

Background School visits to farms are a positive educational experience but pose risks due to the spread of zoonotic infections. A lesson plan to raise awareness about microbes on the farm and preventative behaviours was developed in response to the Griffin Investigation into the E. coli outbreak associated with Godstone Farm in 2009. This study evaluated the effectiveness of the ...

Clinical Severity of Clostridium difficile PCR Ribotype 027: A Case-Case Study

BackgroundClostridium difficile is a leading infectious cause of health care associated diarrhoea. Several industrialised countries have reported increased C. difficile infections and outbreaks, which have been attributed to the emergent PCR ribotype 027 strain.Methods and FindingsWe conducted a case-case study to compare severity of C. difficile disease for patients with 027 ...

Health Sequelae of Human Cryptosporidiosis in Immunocompetent Patients

Background. There have been no systematic studies following up the longer term health effects of cases of cryptosporidiosis for which genotype data exist. Methods. We report a follow-up study of cases of laboratory-confirmed cryptosporidiosis. Case patients were sent a postal questionnaire asking about a wide range of symptoms occurring within 2 months after their initial ...

Early warning and NHS Direct: a role in community surveillance?

Background NHS Direct is a nurse-led telephone helpline that covers the whole of England and Wales. NHS Direct derived data are being used for community surveillance, the purpose of which is to detect a local or national increase in symptoms reported by callers. The system has the potential to identify an increase in symptoms reported by callers about people in the prodromal stages ...

What has happened to antimicrobial usage in primary care in the United Kingdom since the SMAC report? – Description of trends in antimicrobial usage using the General Practice Research Database

Background The aim of the study was to assess antibiotic prescribing within the United Kingdom for three of the Standing Medical Advisory Committee recommendations ‘four things which could be done’. Methods We conducted a retrospective survey of morbidity and antibiotic prescribing data between 1993 and 2001 using the national General Practice Research Database. Antibiotic ...