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39 papers found.
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Just ask Siri? A pilot study comparing smartphone digital assistants and laptop Google searches for smoking cessation advice

Contributions Conceptualization: Nick Wilson. Data curation: Matt Boyd, Nick Wilson. Formal analysis: Matt Boyd. Investigation: Matt Boyd. Methodology: Matt Boyd, Nick Wilson. Project administration: Matt ... Boyd, Nick Wilson. Resources: Matt Boyd, Nick Wilson. Supervision: Nick Wilson. Validation: Nick Wilson. Writing ± original draft: Matt Boyd, Nick Wilson. Writing ± review & editing: Matt Boyd, Nick

Home modification to reduce falls at a health district level: Modeling health gain, health inequalities and health costs

Conceptualization: Nick Wilson, Frank Pega, Nisha Nair, Tony Blakely. Data curation: Nick Wilson, Giorgi Kvizhinadze, Nisha Nair. Formal analysis: Giorgi Kvizhinadze. Funding acquisition: Nick Wilson, Tony Blakely ... . Investigation: Giorgi Kvizhinadze, Frank Pega. Methodology: Nick Wilson, Giorgi Kvizhinadze, Frank Pega, Tony Blakely. Project administration: Nick Wilson, Nisha Nair, Tony Blakely. Resources: Nick Wilson

A Systematic Review of Health Economic Analyses of Housing Improvement Interventions and Insecticide-Treated Bednets in the Home

Background Housing improvements have considerable potential for improving health. So does the provision of insecticide-treated bednets for malaria prevention. Therefore we aimed to conduct updated systematic reviews of health economic analyses in both these intervention domains. Methods and findings The search strategy included economic analyses of housing improvement interventions ...

Protecting an island nation from extreme pandemic threats: Proof-of-concept around border closure as an intervention

Nick Wilson 0 0 Editor: David Hutton, University of Michigan , UNITED STATES 1 Adapt Research Ltd , Wellington , New Zealand , 2 Department of Public Health, University of Otago , Wellington , New

The health gains and cost savings of dietary salt reduction interventions, with equity and age distributional aspects

Christine L. Cleghorn 0 Nick Wilson 0 0 University of Otago , PO Box 7343, Wellington, Wellington South , New Zealand 1 British Heart Foundation Centre on Population Approaches to NCD Prevention, Oxford

Ethnic inequalities in cancer incidence and mortality: census-linked cohort studies with 87 million years of person-time follow-up

Background Cancer makes up a large and increasing proportion of excess mortality for indigenous, marginalised and socioeconomically deprived populations, and much of this inequality is preventable. This study aimed to determine which cancers give rise to changing ethnic inequalities over time. Methods New Zealand census data from 1981, 1986, 1991, 1996, 2001, and 2006, were all ...

Modeling health gains and cost savings for ten dietary salt reduction targets

Background Dietary salt reduction is included in the top five priority actions for non-communicable disease control internationally. We therefore aimed to identify health gain and cost impacts of achieving a national target for sodium reduction, along with component targets in different food groups. Methods We used an established dietary sodium intervention model to study 10 ...

Study protocol: combining experimental methods, econometrics and simulation modelling to determine price elasticities for studying food taxes and subsidies (The Price ExaM Study)

Background There is a need for accurate and precise food price elasticities (PE, change in consumer demand in response to change in price) to better inform policy on health-related food taxes and subsidies. Methods/Design The Price Experiment and Modelling (Price ExaM) study aims to: I) derive accurate and precise food PE values; II) quantify the impact of price changes on quantity ...

Taxes on Sugar-Sweetened Beverages to Curb Future Obesity and Diabetes Epidemics

In a linked Perspective, Tony Blakely and colleagues discuss the real-world implications of this type of modeling study. Please see later in the article for the Editors' Summary

Alcohol in urban streetscapes: a comparison of the use of Google Street View and on-street observation

Stanley 0 Nick Wilson 0 George Thomson 0 0 Department of Public Health, University of Otago , Wellington, PO Box 7343, Wellington , New Zealand Background: Alcohol-related harm is a major global health

The Feasibility of Achieving Low-Sodium Intake in Diets That Are Also Nutritious, Low-Cost, and Have Familiar Meal Components

Familiar Meal Components Nick Wilson 0 Nhung Nghiem 0 Rachel H. Foster 0 Nick Ashton, The University of Manchester, United Kingdom 0 Department of Public Health, University of Otago , Wellington , New

Health, Health Inequality, and Cost Impacts of Annual Increases in Tobacco Tax: Multistate Life Table Modeling in New Zealand

Background Countries are increasingly considering how to reduce or even end tobacco consumption, and raising tobacco taxes is a potential strategy to achieve these goals. We estimated the impacts on health, health inequalities, and health system costs of ongoing tobacco tax increases (10% annually from 2011 to 2031, compared to no tax increases from 2011 [“business as usual,” ...

Is expanding HPV vaccination programs to include school-aged boys likely to be value-for-money: a cost-utility analysis in a country with an existing school-girl program

Background Similar to many developed countries, vaccination against human papillomavirus (HPV) is provided only to girls in New Zealand and coverage is relatively low (47% in school-aged girls for dose 3). Some jurisdictions have already extended HPV vaccination to school-aged boys. Thus, exploration of the cost-utility of adding boys’ vaccination is relevant. We modeled the ...

Obtaining Fruit and Vegetables for the Lowest Prices: Pricing Survey of Different Outlets and Geographical Analysis of Competition Effects

Aims Inadequate fruit and vegetable (F&V) consumption is an important dietary risk factor for disease internationally. High F&V prices can be a barrier to dietary intake and so to improve understanding of this topic we surveyed prices and potential competition between F&V outlet types. Methods Over a three week early autumn period in 2013, prices were collected bi-weekly for 18 ...

Lessons from the removal of lead from gasoline for controlling other environmental pollutants: A case study from New Zealand

Background It took over two decades to achieve the removal of leaded gasoline in this country. This was despite international evidence and original research conducted in New Zealand on the harm to child cognitive function and behaviour from lead exposure. Objective To identify lessons from the New Zealand experience of removing leaded gasoline that are potentially relevant to the ...

Foods and Dietary Patterns That Are Healthy, Low-Cost, and Environmentally Sustainable: A Case Study of Optimization Modeling for New Zealand

Objective Global health challenges include non-communicable disease burdens, ensuring food security in the context of rising food prices, and environmental constraints around food production, e.g., greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions. We therefore aimed to consider optimized solutions to the mix of food items in daily diets for a developed country population: New Zealand (NZ). Methods ...

A surveillance sector review applied to infectious diseases at a country level

Background The new International Health Regulations (IHR) require World Health Organization (WHO) member states to assess their core capacity for surveillance. Such reviews also have the potential to identify important surveillance gaps, improve the organisation of disparate surveillance systems and to focus attention on upstream hazards, determinants and interventions. Methods We ...

Daring to dream: reactions to tobacco endgame ideas among policy-makers, media and public health practitioners

Background Tobacco control strategies have mainly targeted reducing demand. Supply-side focused measures, though less familiar, deserve consideration, particularly to achieve 'endgame' tobacco control aims (e.g. achieving close to zero smoking prevalence). We explored attitudes towards supply-side focused 'endgame' tobacco control approaches and how they can be best communicated ...

Qualitative exploration of public and smoker understanding of, and reactions to, an endgame solution to the tobacco epidemic

Background There is increasing interest in ending the tobacco epidemic and in applying ‘endgame’ solutions to achieve that goal at national levels. We explored the understanding of, and reactions to, a tobacco-free vision and an endgame approach to tobacco control among New Zealand smokers and non-smokers. Methods We recruited participants in four focus groups held in June 2009: ...

One year of smokefree bars and restaurants in New Zealand: Impacts and responses

Background New Zealand introduced a smokefree bars and restaurants policy in December 2004. We reviewed the data available at December 2005 on the main public health, societal and political impacts and responses within New Zealand to the new law. Methods Data were collected from publicly available survey reports, and from government departments and interviews. This included data on ...