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A Three-Threshold Learning Rule Approaches the Maximal Capacity of Recurrent Neural Networks

Understanding the theoretical foundations of how memories are encoded and retrieved in neural populations is a central challenge in neuroscience. A popular theoretical scenario for modeling memory function is the attractor neural network scenario, whose prototype is the Hopfield model. The model simplicity and the locality of the synaptic update rules come at the cost of a poor ...

Modulation of Network Excitability by Persistent Activity: How Working Memory Affects the Response to Incoming Stimuli

Persistent activity and match effects are widely regarded as neuronal correlates of short-term storage and manipulation of information, with the first serving active maintenance and the latter supporting the comparison between memory contents and incoming sensory information. The mechanistic and functional relationship between these two basic neurophysiological signatures of ...

Memory Maintenance in Synapses with Calcium-Based Plasticity in the Presence of Background Activity

Most models of learning and memory assume that memories are maintained in neuronal circuits by persistent synaptic modifications induced by specific patterns of pre- and postsynaptic activity. For this scenario to be viable, synaptic modifications must survive the ubiquitous ongoing activity present in neural circuits in vivo. In this paper, we investigate the time scales of memory ...

Memory Capacity of Networks with Stochastic Binary Synapses

In standard attractor neural network models, specific patterns of activity are stored in the synaptic matrix, so that they become fixed point attractors of the network dynamics. The storage capacity of such networks has been quantified in two ways: the maximal number of patterns that can be stored, and the stored information measured in bits per synapse. In this paper, we compute ...

Optimal Properties of Analog Perceptrons with Excitatory Weights

The cerebellum is a brain structure which has been traditionally devoted to supervised learning. According to this theory, plasticity at the Parallel Fiber (PF) to Purkinje Cell (PC) synapses is guided by the Climbing fibers (CF), which encode an ‘error signal’. Purkinje cells have thus been modeled as perceptrons, learning input/output binary associations. At maximal capacity, a ...

From Spiking Neuron Models to Linear-Nonlinear Models

Neurons transform time-varying inputs into action potentials emitted stochastically at a time dependent rate. The mapping from current input to output firing rate is often represented with the help of phenomenological models such as the linear-nonlinear (LN) cascade, in which the output firing rate is estimated by applying to the input successively a linear temporal filter and a ...

Storage of Correlated Patterns in Standard and Bistable Purkinje Cell Models

The cerebellum has long been considered to undergo supervised learning, with climbing fibers acting as a ‘teaching’ or ‘error’ signal. Purkinje cells (PCs), the sole output of the cerebellar cortex, have been considered as analogs of perceptrons storing input/output associations. In support of this hypothesis, a recent study found that the distribution of synaptic weights of a ...

STDP in a Bistable Synapse Model Based on CaMKII and Associated Signaling Pathways

The calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) plays a key role in the induction of long-term postsynaptic modifications following calcium entry. Experiments suggest that these long-term synaptic changes are all-or-none switch-like events between discrete states. The biochemical network involving CaMKII and its regulating protein signaling cascade has been hypothesized ...

Dynamics and Plasticity of Stimulus-selective Persistent Activity in Cortical Network Models

obtained from learning sequences that was considered here. Notes Appendix I thank Daniel Amit for discussions and comments on a previous version of the manuscript. Address correspondence to Nicolas ... Brunel, CNRS, NPSM, Université Paris René Descartes, 45 rue des Saints Pères, 75270 Paris Cedex 06, France. Email: . 1. Single Neuron f–I Curve For physiological reasons, the f–I curve should have the

Estimating parameters and hidden variables in non-linear state-space models based on ODEs for biological networks inference

Motivation: Statistical inference of biological networks such as gene regulatory networks, signaling pathways and metabolic networks can contribute to build a picture of complex interactions that take place in the cell. However, biological systems considered as dynamical, non-linear and generally partially observed processes may be difficult to estimate even if the structure of ...

Encoding of Naturalistic Stimuli by Local Field Potential Spectra in Networks of Excitatory and Inhibitory Neurons

Recordings of local field potentials (LFPs) reveal that the sensory cortex displays rhythmic activity and fluctuations over a wide range of frequencies and amplitudes. Yet, the role of this kind of activity in encoding sensory information remains largely unknown. To understand the rules of translation between the structure of sensory stimuli and the fluctuations of cortical ...