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Microbial community and diversity in the feces of Sichuan takin (Budorcas taxicolor tibetana) as revealed by Illumina Miseq sequencing and quantitative real-time PCR

The Sichuan takin (Budorcas taxicolor tibetana) is a rare and endangered ruminant distributed in the eastern Himalayas. However, little information is available regarding the intestinal microbiota of the takin. In this study, Illumina Miseq platform targeting the V4 region of the 16S rRNA was employed to characterize microbial community and diversity in the feces of wild (n = 6...

Myocyte enhancer factor 2A promotes proliferation and its inhibition attenuates myogenic differentiation via myozenin 2 in bovine skeletal muscle myoblast

Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 31501937). Author Contributions Conceptualization: Ya-Ning Wang, Wu-Cai Yang, Lin-Sen Zan. Funding acquisition: Lin-Sen Zan. Investigation: Ya-Ning Wang ... . Methodology: Ya-Ning Wang, Pei-Wei Li. Writing ± original draft: Ya-Ning Wang. Validation: Ya-Ning Wang, Wu-Cai Yang, Hong-Bao Wang, Ying-Ying Zhang, Lin-Sen Zan. Writing ± review & editing: Ya-Ning Wang, Wu

Development and validation of a dementia screening tool for primary care in Taiwan: Brain Health Test

this study. (XLSX) Author Contributions Conceptualization: Jian-Liang Liu, Ker-Neng Lin, Chiung-Chih Chang, Ming-Chyi Pai, Wen-Fu Wang, Jen-Ping Huang, Tzung-Jeng Hwang, Pei-Ning Wang. 11 / 14 Data ... curation: Ping-Huang Tsai, Jian-Liang Liu, Ker-Neng Lin, Chiung-Chih Chang, Ming Chyi Pai, Wen-Fu Wang, Jen-Ping Huang, Tzung-Jeng Hwang, Pei-Ning Wang. Formal analysis: Ping-Huang Tsai. Writing ± original

An improved ternary vector system for Agrobacterium-mediated rapid maize transformation

The super binary plasmid pSB1 is a mainstay of maize transformation. However, the large size of the base vector makes it challenging to clone, the process of co-integration is cumbersome and inefficient, and some Agrobacterium strains are known to give rise to spontaneous mutants resistant to tetracycline. These limitations present substantial barriers to high throughput vector...

The Role of the Calcitonin Peptide Family in Prostate Cancer and Bone Metastasis

thank Wellcome Trust for their financial support. Compliance with Ethical Standards Conflict of Interest Jessica Isabel Warrington, Gareth Owain Richards, and Ning Wang declare that they have no conflicts

The Dysfunction of the Cerebellum and Its Cerebellum-Reward-Sensorimotor Loops in Chronic Spontaneous Urticaria

Chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) is a common itchy skin disease. Despite its prevalence, the neuropathology of CSU is uncertain. In this study, we explored resting state functional connectivity (rs-FC) changes in CSU, as well as how the symptom changes following intervention can modulate rs-FC. Forty patients and 40 healthy controls (HCs) were recruited. Following an...

Differentially Private Event Histogram Publication on Sequences over Graphs

( 5 ): 341 - 352 . Ning Wang is a Ph.D. candidate in computer software and theory , Northeastern University, Shenyang. She received her B.E. and M.E. degrees in computer science both from Northeastern

Investigation on Surface Polarization of Al2O3-capped GaN/AlGaN/GaN Heterostructure by Angle-Resolved X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy

The surface polarization of Ga-face gallium nitride (GaN) (2 nm)/AlGaN (22 nm)/GaN channel (150 nm)/buffer/Si with Al2O3 capping layer is investigated by angle-resolved X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (ARXPS). It is found that the energy band varies from upward bending to downward bending in the interface region, which is believed to be corresponding to the polarization...

Simultaneous Detection and Removal of Formaldehyde at Room Temperature: Janus Au@ZnO@ZIF-8 Nanoparticles

The detection and removal of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are of great importance to reduce the risk of indoor air quality concerns. This study reports the rational synthesis of a dual-functional Janus nanostructure and its feasibility for simultaneous detection and removal of VOCs. The Janus nanostructure was synthesized via an anisotropic growth method, composed of...

The multi-modal interface of Robot-Era multi-robot services tailored for the elderly

Socially assistive robotic platforms are now a realistic option for the long-term care of ageing populations. Elderly users may benefit from many services provided by robots operating in different environments, such as providing assistance inside apartments, serving in shared facilities of buildings or guiding people outdoors. In this paper, we present the experience gained...

Transcriptome analysis of mRNA and microRNAs in intramuscular fat tissues of castrated and intact male Chinese Qinchuan cattle

-Ying Zhang, Hong-Bao Wang, Ya-Ning Wang, Hong-Cheng Wang. Funding acquisition: Lin-Sen Zan. Investigation: Ying-Ying Zhang. Methodology: Ying-Ying Zhang, Hong-Bao Wang. 21 / 25 Project administration ... Wang, Ya-Ning Wang, Hong-Cheng Wang, Hong Fang Guo. Visualization: Ying-Ying Zhang, Dai Chen, Yang Yang. Writing ± original draft: Ying-Ying Zhang. Writing ± review & editing: Ying-Ying Zhang, Hong

Comparison of spectral-domain optical coherence tomography for intra-retinal layers thickness measurements between healthy and diabetic eyes among Chinese adults

Purpose To compare intra-retinal layer thickness measurements between eyes with no or mild diabetic retinopathy (DR) and age-matched controls using Spectralis spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). Methods Cross-sectional observational analysis study. High-resolution macular volume scans (30° * 25°) were obtained for 133 type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients...

Immortalization of chicken preadipocytes by retroviral transduction of chicken TERT and TR

The chicken is an important agricultural animal and model for developmental biology, immunology and virology. Excess fat accumulation continues to be a serious problem for the chicken industry. However, chicken adipogenesis and obesity have not been well investigated, because no chicken preadipocyte cell lines have been generated thus far. Here, we successfully generated two...

Altered insula–default mode network connectivity in fibromyalgia: a resting-state magnetoencephalographic study

Background Fibromyalgia (FM) is a disabling chronic pain syndrome with unknown pathophysiology. Functional magnetic resonance imaging studies on FM have suggested altered brain connectivity between the insula and the default mode network (DMN). However, this connectivity change has not been characterized through direct neural signals for exploring the embedded spectrotemporal...

Transforming growth factor-β1 signaling promotes epithelial-mesenchymal transition-like phenomena, cell motility, and cell invasion in synovial sarcoma cells

Talents of Shihezi University (no. RCZX201549). Author Contributions Conceptualization: Yan Qi, Ning Wang, Xiaojuan Lian. 10 / 12 Data curation: Yan Qi, Ning Wang, Yonglai He, Xiaojuan Lian, Jianming ... . Methodology: Ning Wang, Yonglai He, Jun Zhang, Yalan Huang, Xiaojuan Lian, Xiaobin Cui. Project administration: Xiaojuan Lian. Resources: Xiaojuan Lian. Software: Yalan Huang, Xiaojuan Lian, Jianming Hu

Effects of patient load and travel distance on HIV transmission in rural China: Implications for treatment as prevention

Background Sustained viral suppression through ART reduces sexual HIV transmission risk, but may require routine access to reliable and effective medical care which may be difficult to obtain in resource constrained areas. We investigated the roles of patient load and travel distance to HIV care clinic on transmission risk in HIV serodiscordant couples in Henan Province, China...

Molecular cloing and bioinformatics analysis of lactate dehydrogenase from Taenia multiceps

Coenurus cerebralis, the larval stage (metacestode or coenurus) of Taenia multiceps, parasitizes sheep, goats, and other ruminants and causes coenurosis. In this study, we isolated and characterized complementary DNAs that encode lactate dehydrogenase A (Tm-LDHA) and B (Tm-LDHB) from the transcriptome of T. multiceps and expressed recombinant Tm-LDHB (rTm-LDHB) in Escherichia...

Identification of odorant binding proteins and chemosensory proteins in Microplitis mediator as well as functional characterization of chemosensory protein 3

Editing Services. Author Contributions Conceptualization: Rui-Jun Li, Yong-Jun Zhang, Yu-Yuan Guo. Data curation: Yong Peng, Shan-Ning Wang, Ke-Ming Li, Jing-Tao Liu, Yao Zheng, Shuang Shan, Ye-Qing ... Yang, Rui-Jun Li, Yong-Jun Zhang. Formal analysis: Yong Peng, Shan-Ning Wang, Yong-Jun Zhang. Funding acquisition: Yong-Jun Zhang, Yu-Yuan Guo. Investigation: Yong Peng, Shan-Ning Wang, Ke-Ming Li

Ectopic expression of Lc differentially regulated anthocyanin biosynthesis in the floral parts of tobacco (Nicotiana tobacum L.) plants

Background Anthocyanins are the conspicuous pigments of flowering plants and participate in several aspects of plant development and defense, such as seeds and pollens dispersal. Leaf colour (Lc) is the first basic/helix-loop-helix (bHLH) transcription factor controlling anthocyanin biosynthesis isolated from maize (Zea mays L.). Ectopic expression of maize Lc enhanced...

Compensatory variances of drug-induced hepatitis B virus YMDD mutations

Although the drug-induced mutations of HBV have been ever documented, the evolutionary mechanism is still obscure. To deeply reveal molecular characters of HBV evolution under the special condition, here we made a comprehensive investigation of the molecular variation of the 3432 wild-type sequences and 439 YMDD variants from HBV genotype A, B, C and D, and evaluated the co...