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Determination of system level alterations in host transcriptome due to Zika virus (ZIKV) Infection in retinal pigment epithelium

. Author information Author notes Pawan Kumar Singh and Indu Khatri contributed equally to this work. AffiliationsDepartment of Ophthalmology, Visual and Anatomical Sciences, Wayne State University, Detroit ... , Detroit, MI, USAAshok Kumar AuthorsSearch for Pawan Kumar Singh in:Nature Research journals • PubMed • Google Scholar Search for Indu Khatri in:Nature Research journals • PubMed • Google Scholar Search

Threat of wheat blast to South Asia’s food security: An ex-ante analysis

. Validation: Thakur Prasad Tiwari, Naresh C. D. Barma, Paritosh Kumar Malaker. Writing ± original draft: Khondoker Abdul Mottaleb, Pawan Kumar Singh, Kai Sonder. Writing ± review & editing: Gideon Kruseman

A Study of Moment Based Features on Handwritten Digit Recognition

. Mullick Road, Kolkata, West Bengal 700032, India Received 3 November 2015; Revised 16 January 2016; Accepted 27 January 2016 Academic Editor: Miin-Shen Yang Copyright © 2016 Pawan Kumar Singh et al

Response of nitrogen-fixing water fern Azolla biofertilization to rice crop

The water fern Azolla harbors nitrogen-fixing cyanobacterium Anabaena azollae as symbiont in its dorsal leaves and is known as potent N2 fixer. Present investigation was carried out to study the influence of fresh Azolla when used as basal incorporation in soil and as dual cropped with rice variety Mahsoori separately and together with and without chemical nitrogen fertilizer in...

Retinal Photoreceptor Expresses Toll-Like Receptors (TLRs) and Elicits Innate Responses Following TLR Ligand and Bacterial Challenge

Toll-like receptors (TLRs) play an important role in host defense against microbial pathogens. Our previous studies have shown that TLRs are expressed on various retinal cells (Microglia and Müller glia) and orchestrate retinal innate responses in bacterial endophthalmitis. In this study, we used a well-characterized mouse cone photoreceptor cell line (661W); and demonstrated...

APLP2 Regulates Refractive Error and Myopia Development in Mice and Humans

Myopia is the most common vision disorder and the leading cause of visual impairment worldwide. However, gene variants identified to date explain less than 10% of the variance in refractive error, leaving the majority of heritability unexplained (“missing heritability”). Previously, we reported that expression of APLP2 was strongly associated with myopia in a primate model. Here...