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On the Bethe states of the one-dimensional supersymmetric t − J model with generic open boundaries

By combining the algebraic Bethe ansatz and the off-diagonal Bethe ansatz, we investigate the supersymmetric t − J model with generic open boundaries. The eigenvalues of the transfer matrix are given in terms of an inhomogeneous T − Q relation, and the corresponding eigenstates are expressed in terms of nested Bethe states which have welldefined homogeneous limit. This exact ...

Hue Selectivity in Human Visual Cortex Revealed by Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging

The variability of color-selective neurons in human visual cortex is considered more diverse than cone-opponent mechanisms. We addressed this issue by deriving histograms of hue-selective voxels measured using fMRI with a novel stimulation paradigm, where the stimulus hue changed continuously. Despite the large between-subject difference in hue-selective histograms, individual ...

Crossmodal Integration Enhances Neural Representation of Task-Relevant Features in Audiovisual Face Perception

Previous studies have shown that audiovisual integration improves identification performance and enhances neural activity in heteromodal brain areas, for example, the posterior superior temporal sulcus/middle temporal gyrus (pSTS/MTG). Furthermore, it has also been demonstrated that attention plays an important role in crossmodal integration. In this study, we considered crossmodal ...

Selective DNA Delivery to Tumor Cells Using an Oligoarginine-LTVSPWY Peptide

DNA therapy for cancer requires efficient, selective and safe DNA delivery systems. Compared with other non-viral methods such as lipid or polymer-based DNA delivery vectors, peptide-based DNA delivery systems are biocompatible and biodegradable, which leads to lower immunogenicity and lower toxicity. Moreover, peptide vectors are easier to produce and their compositions easier to ...

BOLD Signal Change and Contrast Reversing Frequency: An Event-Related fMRI Study in Human Primary Visual Cortex

It is believed that human primary visual cortex (V1) increases activity with increasing temporal frequency of a visual stimulus. Two kinds of visual stimulus were used in the previous studies, one is patterned-flash stimulus with a fixed onset period and an increasing average luminance with the increase of temporal frequency, the other is contrast reversing flickering checkerboard ...

Demonstration of Tuning to Stimulus Orientation in the Human Visual Cortex: A High-Resolution fMRI Study with a Novel Continuous and Periodic Stimulation Paradigm

Cells in the animal early visual cortex are sensitive to contour orientations and form repeated structures known as orientation columns. At the behavioral level, there exist 2 well-known global biases in orientation perception (oblique effect and radial bias) in both animals and humans. However, their neural bases are still under debate. To unveil how these behavioral biases are ...

Functional Signalers of Changes in Visual Stimuli: Cortical Responses to Increments and Decrements in Motion Coherence

How does our brain detect changes in a natural scene? While changes by increments of specific visual attributes, such as contrast or motion coherence, can be signaled by an increase in neuronal activity in early visual areas, like the primary visual cortex (V1) or the human middle temporal complex (hMT+), respectively, the mechanisms for signaling changes resulting from decrements ...

Functional Val66Met polymorphism of Brain-derived neurotrophic factor in type 2 diabetes with depression in Han Chinese subjects

Background Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of major depression. Individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) have a high prevalence of major depression and low levels of BDNF. We therefore explored whether the BDNF Val66Met polymorphism is associated with co-morbid depression and whether depression affects the serum levels of BDNF in a ...

A Sparse Representation-Based Algorithm for Pattern Localization in Brain Imaging Data Analysis

Considering the two-class classification problem in brain imaging data analysis, we propose a sparse representation-based multi-variate pattern analysis (MVPA) algorithm to localize brain activation patterns corresponding to different stimulus classes/brain states respectively. Feature selection can be modeled as a sparse representation (or sparse regression) problem. Such ...

Aluminium-induced inhibition of root elongation in Arabidopsis is mediated by ethylene and auxin

Aluminium (Al) is phytotoxic when solubilized into Al3+ in acidic soils. One of the earliest and distinct symptoms of Al3+ toxicity is inhibition of root elongation. To decipher the mechanism by which Al3+ inhibits root elongation, the role of ethylene and auxin in Al3+-induced inhibition of root elongation in Arabidopsis thaliana was investigated using the wild type and mutants ...

An arginine decarboxylase gene PtADC from Poncirus trifoliata confers abiotic stress tolerance and promotes primary root growth in Arabidopsis

Arginine decarboxylase (ADC) is an important enzyme responsible for polyamine synthesis under stress conditions. In this study, the gene encoding ADC in Poncirus trifoliata (PtADC) was isolated and it existed as a single-copy member. Transcript levels of PtADC were up-regulated by low temperature and dehydration. Overexpression of PtADC in an Arabidopsis thaliana ADC mutant adc1-1 ...

Reproducibility and Discriminability of Brain Patterns of Semantic Categories Enhanced by Congruent Audiovisual Stimuli

Liang Zheng Li Pei Sun Hans P. Op de Beeck, University of Leuven, Belgium One of the central questions in cognitive neuroscience is the precise neural representation, or brain pattern, associated with a

Impact of separating drug prescribing and dispensing on provider behaviour: Taiwan’s experience

, Taiwan 3 Mount Auburn St. Suite 410 South , Cambridge, MA 02138 , USA 4 Ying-Pei Sun, MPH, is a Research Associate at the Department of Social Medicine, National Yang-Ming University , Shih-Pai, Taipei