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21 papers found.
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Functional connectivity and cognitive impairment in migraine with and without aura

Background Several fMRI studies in migraine assessed resting state functional connectivity in different networks suggesting that this neurological condition was associated with brain functional alteration. The aim of present study was to explore the association between cognitive functions and cerebral functional connectivity, in default mode network, in migraine patients without ...

Toward a more personalized motor function rehabilitation in Myotonic dystrophy type 1: The role of neuroplasticity

Myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) is the most prevalent adult muscular dystrophy, often accompanied by impairments in attention, memory, visuospatial and executive functions. Given that DM1 is a multi-system disorder, it requires a multi-disciplinary approach, including effective rehabilitation programs, focusing on the central nervous system neuroplasticity, in order to develop ...

CCM3/SERPINI1 bidirectional promoter variants in patients with cerebral cavernous malformations: a molecular and functional study

Background Cerebral cavernous malformations (CCMs) are vascular anomalies of the nervous system mostly located in the brain presenting sporadically or familial. Causes of familial forms are mutations in CCM1 (Krit1), CCM2 (MGC4607) and CCM3 (PDCD10) genes. Sporadic forms with no affected relative most often have only one lesion and no germ line mutations. However, a number of ...

Alternative source of stem cells derived from human periodontal ligament: a new treatment for experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis

Background Multiple sclerosis is a demyelinating disease mostly of autoimmune origin that affects and damages the central nervous system, leading to a disabling condition. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether administration of mesenchymal stem cells from human periodontal ligament (hPDLSCs) could ameliorate multiple sclerosis progression by exerting ...

Cortical Responsiveness to Nociceptive Stimuli in Patients with Chronic Disorders of Consciousness: Do C-Fiber Laser Evoked Potentials Have a Role?

It has been shown that the presence of Aδ-fiber laser evoked potentials (Aδ-LEP) in patients suffering from chronic disorders of consciousness (DOC), such as vegetative state (VS) and minimally conscious state (MCS), may be the expression of a residual cortical pain arousal. Interestingly, the study of C-fiber LEP (C-LEP) could be useful in the assessment of cortical pain arousal ...

Anorgasmia during pregabalin add-on therapy for partial seizures

Anorgasmia is the inability to reach orgasm during sexual intercourse, and, although it is believed that around 90% of anorgasmia problems are related to psychological issues, the use of serotoninergic drugs, including antidepressants and atypical antipsychotics, is a common cause of situational anorgasmia. Pregabalin is a new antiepileptic drug, structurally related to gabapentin, ...

Detection of Olfactory Dysfunction Using Olfactory Event Related Potentials in Young Patients with Multiple Sclerosis

Background Several studies reported olfactory dysfunction in patients with multiple sclerosis. The estimate of the incidence of olfactory deficits in multiple sclerosis is uncertain; this may arise from different testing methods that may be influenced by patients' response bias and clinical, demographic and cognitive features. Aims To evaluate objectively the olfactory function ...

Anti-inflammatory effect of simvastatin in an experimental model of spinal cord trauma: involvement of PPAR-α

Background Statins such as simvastatin are inhibitors of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase used in the prevention of cardiovascular disease. In addition to their cholesterol-lowering activities, statins exert pleiotropic anti-inflammatory effects, which might contribute to their beneficial effects on lipid-unrelated inflammatory diseases. Recently it has ...

Recurrent occipital seizures misdiagnosed as status migrainosus

Periictal headache is commonly reported in patients with epilepsy and often exhibits migraine features. Misdiagnosis is frequent since visual seizures may often be misinterpreted as visual aura of migraine. We herein describe a 35-year-old woman with recurrent occipital seizures, clinically presenting with intractable headache. EEG monitoring was crucial in order to reach the ...

MK801 attenuates secondary injury in a mouse experimental compression model of spinal cord trauma

Background Glutamergic excitotoxicity has been shown to play a deleterious role in the pathophysiology of spinal cord injury (SCI). The aim of this study was to investigate the neuroprotective effect of dizocilpine maleate, MK801 (2 mg/Kg, 30 min and 6 hours after injury) in a mice model of SCI. The spinal cord trauma was induced by the application of vascular clips to the dura via ...

Adrenomedullin in inflammatory process associated with experimental pulmonary fibrosis

Background Adrenomedullin (AM), a 52-amino acid ringed-structure peptide with C-terminal amidation, was originally isolated from human pheochromocytoma. AM are widely distributed in various tissues and acts as a local vasoactive hormone in various conditions. Methods In the present study, we investigated the efficacy of AM on the animal model of bleomycin (BLM)-induced lung injury. ...

Antiproliferative and pro-apoptotic effects afforded by novel Src-kinase inhibitors in human neuroblastoma cells

Maurizio Botta 5 Adriano Angelucci 4 Placido Bramanti 3 Diego Russo 2 0 Pharmaco-Biological Department, University of Messina , viale Annunziata, 98100, Messina , Italy 1 Department of Pharmaceutical

Olprinone Attenuates the Acute Inflammatory Response and Apoptosis after Spinal Cord Trauma in Mice

Background Olprinone hydrochloride is a newly developed compound that selectively inhibits PDE type III and is characterized by several properties, including positive inotropic effects, peripheral vasodilatory effects, and a bronchodilator effect. In clinical settings, olprinone is commonly used to treat congestive cardiac failure, due to its inotropic and vasodilating effects. The ...

Selective adenosine A2A receptor agonists and antagonists protect against spinal cord injury through peripheral and central effects

Background Permanent functional deficits following spinal cord injury (SCI) arise both from mechanical injury and from secondary tissue reactions involving inflammation. Enhanced release of adenosine and glutamate soon after SCI represents a component in the sequelae that may be responsible for resulting functional deficits. The role of adenosine A2A receptor in central ...

Effects of Liver × receptor agonist treatment on signal transduction pathways in acute lung inflammation

Background Liver × receptor α (LXRα) and β (LXRβ) are members of the nuclear receptor super family of ligand-activated transcription factors, a super family which includes the perhaps better known glucocorticoid receptor, estrogen receptor, thyroid receptor, and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors. There is limited evidence that LXL activation may reduces acute lung ...

Recessive congenital myotonia resulting from maternal isodisomy of chromosome 7: a case report

Autosomal dominant (Thomsen) and recessive (Becker) congenital myotonia are two different non dystrophic disorders, due to allelic mutations of the muscle chloride channel gene, located on chromosome 7q35. More than two thirds of the muscle chloride channel gene mutations occur independently in unique families and cause the recessive form of the disease. Becker disease is more ...

Does Pilocarpine-Induced Epilepsy in Adult Rats Require Status epilepticus?

Pilocarpine-induced seizures in rats provide a widely animal model of temporal lobe epilepsy. Some evidences reported in the literature suggest that at least 1 h of status epilepticus (SE) is required to produce subsequent chronic phase, due to the SE-related acute neuronal damage. However, recent data seems to indicate that neuro-inflammation plays a crucial role in ...

Treatment with green tea extract attenuates secondary inflammatory response in an experimental model of spinal cord trauma

In this study, we evaluated the effect of green tea extract (that was administered 25 mg/kg intraperitoneal at 1 and 6 h after injury) in experimental animal model of spinal cord injury. The spinal cord trauma was induced by the application of vascular clips to the dura via a four-level T5–T8 laminectomy. Spinal cord injury in mice resulted in severe trauma characterised by oedema, ...

Role of PPAR-δ in the development of zymosan-induced multiple organ failure: an experiment mice study

Background Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-beta/delta is a nuclear receptor transcription factor that regulates gene expression in many important biological processes. It is expressed ubiquitously, especially white adipose tissue, heart, muscle, intestine, placenta and macrophages but many of its functions are unknown. Saturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids ...