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Comparing Digital Phase-Locked Loop and Kalman Filter for Clock Tracking in Ultrawideband Location System

2018 Academic Editor: Jose R. C. Piqueira Copyright © 2018 Qian Gao et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use

Temporal and spatial evolution characteristics of water environment quality in Heze

The evolution of water environment is relatively complicated. The study of its characteristics is helpful to grasp the general direction of spatial and temporal evolution of water environment in Heze city, and to carry out water resources development and water environment protection more rationally. The comprehensive pollution index method for calculation, and the observed data...

Ant Colony Optimization Algorithm to Dynamic Energy Management in Cloud Data Center

With the wide deployment of cloud computing data centers, the problems of power consumption have become increasingly prominent. The dynamic energy management problem in pursuit of energy-efficiency in cloud data centers is investigated. Specifically, a dynamic energy management system model for cloud data centers is built, and this system is composed of DVS Management Module...

The Assessment of Systemic Risk in the Kenyan Banking Sector

The present paper aims to assess the systemic risk of the Kenyan banking system. We propose a theoretical framework to reveal the time evolution of the systemic risk using sequences of financial data and use the framework to assess the systemic risk of the Kenyan banking system that is regarded as the largest in the East and Central African region. Firstly, we estimate the...

A Synthetic Aperture Radar Image Model of Ship on Sea

Double scattering between the ship and sea surface is an important characteristic for ship detection. Based on geometrical optics (GO), a modified GO-GO solution is presented to evaluate the double scattering from sea and the tilt facets of ship at high frequency. Direct scattering contributions from ship and sea are evaluated by using physical optics (PO). To get a synthetic...

A Synthetic Aperture Radar Image Model of Ship on Sea

Double scattering between the ship and sea surface is an important characteristic for ship detection. Based on geometrical optics (GO), a modified GO-GO solution is presented to evaluate the double scattering from sea and the tilt facets of ship at high frequency. Direct scattering contributions from ship and sea are evaluated by using physical optics (PO). To get a synthetic...

A Synthetic Aperture Radar Image Model of Ship on Sea

Double scattering between the ship and sea surface is an important characteristic for ship detection. Based on geometrical optics (GO), a modified GO-GO solution is presented to evaluate the double scattering from sea and the tilt facets of ship at high frequency. Direct scattering contributions from ship and sea are evaluated by using physical optics (PO). To get a synthetic...

The Edge Detectors Suitable for Retinal OCT Image Segmentation

Retinal layer thickness measurement offers important information for reliable diagnosis of retinal diseases and for the evaluation of disease development and medical treatment responses. This task critically depends on the accurate edge detection of the retinal layers in OCT images. Here, we intended to search for the most suitable edge detectors for the retinal OCT image...

Insulin resistance enhances the mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling pathway in ovarian granulosa cells

helpful discussion. Author Contributions Formal analysis: Linghui Kong. Funding acquisition: Yong Wang. Conceptualization: Linghui Kong, Qien Wang, Shanmei Shen, Qian Gao, Yong Wang. Investigation ... : Linghui Kong, Qien Wang, Jiewen Jin. Methodology: Linghui Kong, Qien Wang, Jiewen Jin, Yong Wang. Project administration: Shanmei Shen, Hongwei Wang, Qian Gao, Yong Wang. Resources: Hongwei Wang, Qian Gao

Dietary and health biomarkers—time for an update

In the dietary and health research area, biomarkers are extensively used for multiple purposes. These include biomarkers of dietary intake and nutrient status, biomarkers used to measure the biological effects of specific dietary components, and biomarkers to assess the effects of diet on health. The implementation of biomarkers in nutritional research will be important to...

MicroRNA-144-3p inhibits autophagy activation and enhances Bacillus Calmette-Guérin infection by targeting ATG4a in RAW264.7 macrophage cells

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small noncoding nucleotides that play major roles in the response of host immune cells. Autophagy plays a key role in activating the antimicrobial host defense against Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis). Whether miRNAs specifically influence the activation of macrophage autophagy during M. tuberculosis infection is largely unknown. In the present...

Guidelines for Biomarker of Food Intake Reviews (BFIRev): how to conduct an extensive literature search for biomarker of food intake discovery

Gao 0 Augustin Scalbert 2 Guy Vergères 1 Marjukka Kolehmainen 7 Claudine Manach 6 Lorraine Brennan 5 Sri Harsha Pedapati 5 Lydia A. Afman 4 David S. Wishart 9 Rosa Vázquez-Fresno 9 Cristina Andres

Energy Efficiency and Capacity Tradeoff in Cloud Radio Access Network of High-Speed Railways

To meet the increasing demand of high-data-rate services of high-speed railway (HSR) passengers, cloud radio access network (C-RAN) is proposed. This paper investigates the tradeoff between energy efficiency (EE) performance and capacity in C-RAN of HSR. Considering that the train location can be predicted, we propose a predictable path loss based time domain power allocation...

Deep Whole-Genome Sequencing to Detect Mixed Infection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis

: Qian Gao) and the National Science and Technology Major Project [2013ZX10004903-006] (website:http://www. most.gov.cn/index.htm) (PI: Qian Gao). The funders had no role in study design, data collection

Capsaicin-loaded nanolipoidal carriers for topical application: design, characterization, and in vitro/in vivo evaluation

Capsaicin-loaded nanolipoidal carriers for topical application: design, characterization, and in vitro/in vivo evaluation Xia-Rong Wang,1 Si-Qian Gao,1 Xiao-Qian Niu,1 Long-Jian Li,2 Xiao-Ying Ying,1

A scheme for a flexible classification of dietary and health biomarkers

Biomarkers are an efficient means to examine intakes or exposures and their biological effects and to assess system susceptibility. Aided by novel profiling technologies, the biomarker research field is undergoing rapid development and new putative biomarkers are continuously emerging in the scientific literature. However, the existing concepts for classification of biomarkers in...

Analysis of antibiotics selection in patients undergoing appendectomy in a Chinese tertiary care hospital

Qian Gao Ting Zhang Shigong Guo 0 Department of Emergency Medicine, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Peking Union Medical College, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences , Beijing 100730 , China

Mesoscale numerical simulation study of warm fog dissipation by salt particles seeding

Based on the dynamic framework of WRF and Morrison 2-moment explicit cloud scheme, a salt-seeding scheme was developed and used to simulate the dissipation of a warm fog event during 6–7 November 2009 in the Beijing and Tianjin area. The seeding effect and its physical mechanism were studied. The results indicate that when seeding fog with salt particles sized 80 µm and at a...

Terminal Sliding Mode Control with Unidirectional Auxiliary Surfaces for Hypersonic Vehicles Based on Adaptive Disturbance Observer

A novel flight control scheme is proposed using the terminal sliding mode technique, unidirectional auxiliary surfaces and the disturbance observer model. These proposed dynamic attitude control systems can improve control performance of hypersonic vehicles despite uncertainties and external disturbances. The terminal attractor is employed to improve the convergence rate...

Plasma microRNAs are associated with acute exacerbation in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis

Background Acute exacerbation of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (AE-IPF) has high short-term mortality with unknown causes. To predict this malignant condition in clinics is challenging. In this study, we aim to demonstrate whether there are miRNAs that differ between AE-IPF and stable IPF, which may be served as reliable biomarker for AE-IPF prediction. Methods Human fibrotic...