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The possible \(B\pi \) molecular state and its radiative decay

Recently, several exotic bosons have been confirmed as multi-quark states. However, there are violent disputes about their inner structures, namely if they are molecular states or tetraquarks, or even mixtures of the two structures. It would be interesting to search experimentally for non-strange four-quark states with open charm or bottom which are lighter than \(\Lambda _c\) or ...

Preferential distribution of nuclear MAPK signal in α/β core neurons during long-term memory consolidation in Drosophila

Science & Technology Commission (Z161100002616010, to Yi Zhong), and the Tsinghua-Peking Joint Center for Life Sciences. Wantong Hu, Xuchen Zhang, Lianzhang Wang, Zhong-Jian Liu, Yi Zhong, and Qian Li

The new interaction suggested by the anomalous \(^8\) Be transition sets a rigorous constraint on the mass range of dark matter

The WIMPs are considered to belong to the favorable dark matter (DM) candidates, but the upper bounds on the interactions between DM and standard model (SM) particles obtained by the upgraded facilities of DM direct detection get lower and lower. Researchers turn their attention to the search for less massive DM candidates, i.e. light dark matter of the MeV scale. The recently ...

Efficient acquisition of iron confers greater tolerance to saline-alkaline stress in rice (Oryza sativa L.)

To elucidate the mechanisms underlying tolerance to saline-alkaline stress in two rice genotypes, Dongdao-4 and Jigeng-88, we exposed them to medium supplemented with 10 mM Na2CO3 and 40 mM NaCl (pH 8.5). Dongdao-4 plants displayed higher biomass, chlorophyll content, and photosynthetic rates, and a larger root system than Jigeng-88 under saline-alkaline conditions. Dongdao-4 had a ...

Increased activity of the complement system in cerebrospinal fluid of the patients with Non-HIV Cryptococcal meningitis

Backgrounds Cryptococcal meningitis (CM) has been known to lead to significant morbidity and mortality. The relative contribution of the complement system in protection and pathogenesis during CM remains largely unknown. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the baseline complement component profiles in human cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and plasma from non-HIV patients with CM, ...

Exploring open-charm decay mode \(\Lambda _c\bar{\Lambda }_c\) of charmonium-like state Y(4630)

The newly observed X, Y, Z exotic states are definitely not in the standard \(Q\bar{Q}'\) structures, thus their existence composes a challenge to our understanding on the fundamental principles of hadron physics. Therefore the studies on their decay patterns which are determined by the non-perturbative QCD will definitely shed light on the concerned physics. Generally the ...

Efficient method for transfer of microinjected eggs to mouse ampulla for generating transgenic mice

Background The new method described here is highly efficient in transferring microinjected mouse eggs (MEs) through the bursa membrane of a surrogate mother mouse to the ampulla of the oviduct without damaging the blood vessels on the bursa membrane. Results This method causes no loss of blood, and it produces newborn pups/founders from approximately 70% of the transferred MEs, ...

Efficient method for transfer of microinjected eggs to mouse ampulla for generating transgenic mice

Background The new method described here is highly efficient in transferring microinjected mouse eggs (MEs) through the bursa membrane of a surrogate mother mouse to the ampulla of the oviduct without damaging the blood vessels on the bursa membrane. Results This method causes no loss of blood, and it produces newborn pups/founders from approximately 70% of the transferred MEs, ...

Burkholderia pseudomallei-derived miR-3473 enhances NF-κB via targeting TRAF3 and is associated with different inflammatory responses compared to Burkholderia thailandensis in murine macrophages

Background Burkholderia pseudomallei (Bp) is the causative agent of melioidosis, a kind of tropical disease. Burkholderia thailandensis (Bt), with a high sequence similarity to Bp, is thought to be an avirulent organism. Since there are numerous similarities between Bp and Bt, their differences in pathogenesis of host response and related mechanism are still undermined. In recent ...

Study on decays of \(Z_c(4020)\) and \(Z_c(3900)\) into \(h_c+\pi \)

Eur. Phys. J. C Study on decays of Zc(4020) and Zc(3900) into hc + π Hong-Wei Ke 1 Xue-Qian Li 0 0 School of Physics, Nankai University , Tianjin 300071 , China 1 School of Science, Tianjin

miR-24-3p Regulates Progression of Gastric Mucosal Lesions and Suppresses Proliferation and Invasiveness of N87 Via Peroxiredoxin 6

mucosal lesions and lymph node and liver metastasis. Acknowledgments This work is supported by Beijing Natural Science Foundation (Grant: 7132207). Authors’ contributions Qian Li carried out the molecular ... genetic studies, Qian Li, Nina Wang participated in the sequence alignment and drafted the manuscript. Guibin Yang, Qian Li, Nina Wang participated in the design of the study and performed the statistical

Intestinal perforation during chemotherapeutic treatment of intra-abdominal desmoid tumor in patients with Gardner’s syndrome: report of two cases

Background A minority of intra-abdominal desmoid tumors is associated with Gardner’s syndrome in which desmoid tumors become an important cause of morbidity and mortality if they are surgically unresectable. Case presentation Here, we report two cases of intestinal perforation during chemotherapy in patients with Gardner’s syndrome-associated intra-abdominal desmoids. One female ...

Predictive factors for cosmetic surgery: a hospital-based investigation

Background Cosmetic surgery is becoming increasingly popular in China. However, reports on the predictive factors for cosmetic surgery in Chinese individuals are scarce in the literature. Methods We retrospectively analyzed 4550 cosmetic surgeries performed from January 2010 to December 2014 at a single center in China. Data collection included patient demographics and type of ...

SHP-1 activation inhibits vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation and intimal hyperplasia in a rodent model of insulin resistance and diabetes

Aims/hypothesis Accelerated migration and proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) enhances arterial restenosis after angioplasty in insulin resistance and diabetes. Elevation of Src homology 2-containing protein tyrosine phosphatase 1 (SHP-1) induces apoptosis in the microvasculature. However, the role of SHP-1 in intimal hyperplasia and restenosis has not been ...

Some results on a certain type of difference equation originated from difference Painlevé I equation

In this paper, by using Nevanlinna value distribution theory, we consider a certain type of difference equation, which originates with the difference Painlevé I equation, f ( z + 1 ) + f ( z − 1 ) = A ( z ) f ( z ) + C ( z ) , where A ( z ) , C ( z ) are small meromorphic functions relative to f ( z ) , and we obtain the existence and the forms of rational solutions. We also ...

Seroprevalence of bovine theileriosis in northern China

Background Bovine theileriosis is a common disease transmitted by ticks, and can cause loss of beef and dairy cattle worldwide. Here, an indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (iELISA) based on Theileria luwenshuni surface protein (TlSP) was developed and used to carry out a seroepidemiological survey of bovine theileriosis in northern China. Methods We used the BugBuster ...

Carotid blowout syndrome after nasopharyngeal carcinoma radiotherapy: successful treatment by internal carotid artery occlusion after stent implantation failure

Introduction Carotid blowout syndrome (CBS) secondary to radiation therapy is life-threatening and requires emergency treatment. More recently, endovascular treatment has provided an effective way to control CBS-related bleeding. Case description We present a case of CBS with a rupture of the internal carotid artery (ICA) pseudo-aneurysm after Gamma Knife radiation therapy for ...

Increased plasma levels of epithelial neutrophil-activating peptide 78/CXCL5 during the remission of Neuromyelitis optica

Background In neuromyelitis optica (NMO), one of the underlying pathogenic mechanisms is the formation of antigen-antibody complexes which can trigger an inflammatory response by inducing the infiltration of neutrophils in lesions. Epithelial neutrophil-activating peptide 78 (ENA 78), known as Chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 5 (CXCL5), belongs to the ELR-CXCL family. It recruits and ...

Multiple Lines of Evidence from Mitochondrial Genomes Resolve Phylogenetic Relationships of Parasitic Wasps in Braconidae

The rapid increase in the number of mitochondrial genomes in public databases provides opportunities for insect phylogenetic studies; but it also provides challenges because of gene rearrangements and variable substitution rates among both lineages and sites. Typically, phylogenetic studies use mitochondrial sequence data but exclude other features of the mitochondrial genome from ...

FGFR3 gene mutation plus GRB10 gene duplication in a patient with achondroplasia plus growth delay with prenatal onset

Background Achondroplasia is a well-defined and common bone dysplasia. Genotype- and phenotype-level correlations have been found between the clinical symptoms of achondroplasia and achondroplasia-specific FGFR3 mutations. Result A 2-year-old boy with clinical features consistent with achondroplasia and Silver-Russell syndrome-like symptoms was found to carry a mutation in the ...