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Optimization of NO oxidation by H2O2 thermal decomposition at moderate temperatures

Education Project (No. 12541093). Author Contributions Conceptualization: Hai-qian Zhao. Data curation: Hai-qian Zhao. Formal analysis: Hai-qian Zhao, Zhong-hua Wang. Funding acquisition: Hai-qian Zhao ... . Investigation: Hai-qian Zhao, Zhong-hua Wang, Xing-cun Gao, Cheng-hao Liu. Methodology: Hai-qian Zhao, Han-bing Qi. Project administration: Hai-qian Zhao, Han-bing Qi. 17 / 19 Resources: Zhong-hua Wang, Han-bing

Involvement of NADPH oxidase isoforms in the production of O2− manipulated by ABA in the senescing leaves of early-senescence-leaf (esl) mutant rice (Oryza sativa)

Agriculture and Forestry University, China) for valuable suggestions. Author Contributions Data curation: Qian Zhao. Formal analysis: Fubiao Wang. Funding acquisition: Fangmin Cheng. Investigation: Zhaowei

Low magnitude high frequency vibration promotes adipogenic differentiation of bone marrow stem cells via P38 MAPK signal

Low magnitude high frequency vibration (LMHFV) has been mainly reported for its influence on the musculoskeletal system, particularly the bone tissue. In the bone structure, osteogenic activity is the main focus of study with regards to LMHFV. However, adipogenesis, another important mode of differentiation in the bone marrow cavity that might be affected by LMHFV, is much less...

Research on fault diagnosis for MMC-HVDC Systems

Introduction With the development of flexible HVDC technology, the fault diagnosis of MMC-HVDC becomes a new research direction. Based on the fault diagnosis theory, this paper proposes a robust fault diagnosis method to study the fault diagnosis problem of MMC-HVDC systems. Methods By optimizing the gain matrix in the fault observer, fault detection with good sensitivity and...

Quantitative multimodal multiparametric imaging in Alzheimer’s disease

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder, causing changes in memory, thinking, and other dysfunction of brain functions. More and more people are suffering from the disease. Early neuroimaging techniques of AD are needed to develop. This review provides a preliminary summary of the various neuroimaging techniques that have been explored for in vivo...

Involvement of Abscisic Acid in PSII Photodamage and D1 Protein Turnover for Light-Induced Premature Senescence of Rice Flag Leaves

D1 protein in the PSII reaction center is the major target of photodamage, and it exhibits the highest turnover rate among all the thylakoid proteins. In this paper, rice psf (premature senescence of flag leaves) mutant and its wild type were used to investigate the genotype-dependent alteration in PSII photo-damage and D1 protein turnover during leaf senescence and its relation...

Structural insight into the cooperation of chloroplast chaperonin subunits

Background Chloroplast chaperonin, consisting of multiple subunits, mediates folding of the highly abundant protein Rubisco with the assistance of co-chaperonins. ATP hydrolysis drives the chaperonin allosteric cycle to assist substrate folding and promotes disassembly of chloroplast chaperonin. The ways in which the subunits cooperate during this cycle remain unclear. Results...

Seed-Specific Expression of the Arabidopsis AtMAP18 Gene Increases both Lysine and Total Protein Content in Maize

Lysine is the most limiting essential amino acid for animal nutrition in maize grains. Expression of naturally lysine-rich protein genes can increase the lysine and protein contents in maize seeds. AtMAP18 from Arabidopsis thaliana encoding a microtubule-associated protein with high-lysine content was introduced into the maize genome with the seed-specific promoter F128. The...

A modified method for preparing meiotic chromosomes based on digesting pollen mother cells in suspension

Background Meiotic chromosome preparation is a key step in plant meiotic research. Pollen mother cell (PMC) wall elimination is beneficial to cytogenetic experimental procedures. Without wall interference, these procedures are easier and more successful. In existing methods it is difficult to eliminate PMC walls completely and uniformly. In this paper, we present an improved...

Prevalence and risk factors of posttraumatic stress disorder among survivors five years after the “Wenchuan” earthquake in China

authors read and approved the final manuscript. Authors’ information Li-Ping Zhang and Qian Zhao are co-first authors. Acknowledgements This study was supported by a research grant from the innovation

FL3, a Synthetic Flavagline and Ligand of Prohibitins, Protects Cardiomyocytes via STAT3 from Doxorubicin Toxicity

Aims The clinical use of doxorubicin for the treatment of cancer is limited by its cardiotoxicity. Flavaglines are natural products that have both potent anticancer and cardioprotective properties. A synthetic analog of flavaglines, FL3, efficiently protects mice from the cardiotoxicity of doxorubicin. The mechanism underlying this cardioprotective effect has yet to be elucidated...

The prevalence of BRCA1/2 mutations of triple-negative breast cancer patients in Xinjiang multiple ethnic region of China

Qian Zhao 0 Jiang Hua Ou 0 0 Department of Breast Surgery, Tumor Hospital, Xinjiang Medical University , 789 East Suzhou Street, Urumqi 830011 , China Background: The screening of BRCA1 and BRCA2

Copy number variations among silkworms

Background Copy number variations (CNVs), which are important source for genetic and phenotypic variation, have been shown to be associated with disease as well as important QTLs, especially in domesticated animals. However, little is known about the CNVs in silkworm. Results In this study, we have constructed the first CNVs map based on genome-wide analysis of CNVs in...

MoMyb1 is required for asexual development and tissue-specific infection in the rice blast fungus Magnaporthe oryzae

Background The Myb super-family of proteins contain a group of functionally diverse transcriptional activators found in plant, animal and fungus. Myb proteins are involved in cell proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis, and have crucial roles in telomeres. The purpose of this study was to characterize the biological function of Myb1 protein in the rice blast fungus...

SiLEA14, a novel atypical LEA protein, confers abiotic stress resistance in foxtail millet

Background Late embryogenesis abundant (LEA) proteins are involved in protecting higher plants from damage caused by environmental stresses. Foxtail millet (Setaria italica) is an important cereal crop for food and feed in semi-arid areas. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying tolerance to these conditions are not well defined. Results Here, we characterized a novel...

MiR-124 inhibits the migration and invasion of ovarian cancer cells by targeting SphK1

Background Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is still a major gynecologic problem with poor 5 year survival rate due to distance metastases, despite routine surgery and chemotherapy. The precise underlying molecular mechanisms that trigger EOC migration and invasion are unclear. Recent studies suggest that the expression of microRNAs is widely dysregulated in ovarian cancer; and...

Coronavirus membrane-associated papain-like proteases induce autophagy through interacting with Beclin1 to negatively regulate antiviral innate immunity

. 81273231, 81172799 to Z. C. and 81102478, 81471947 to Y. X.). COMPLIANCE WITH ETHICS GUIDELINES Xiaojuan Chen, Kai Wang, Yaling Xing, Jian Tu, Xingxing Yang, Qian Zhao, Kui Li, and Zhongbin Chen declare

Segmental duplications in the silkworm genome

Background Segmental duplications (SDs) or low-copy repeats play important roles in both gene and genome evolution. SDs have been extensively investigated in many organisms, however, there is no information about SDs in the silkworm, Bombyx mori. Result In this study, we identified and annotated the SDs in the silkworm genome. Our results suggested that SDs constitute ~1.4% of...

Responses of Soil Microbial Communities to Experimental Warming in Alpine Grasslands on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau

Global surface temperature is predicted to increase by at least 1.5°C by the end of this century. However, the response of soil microbial communities to global warming is still poorly understood, especially in high-elevation grasslands. We therefore conducted an experiment on three types of alpine grasslands on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau to study the effect of experimental warming...