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53 papers found.
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Testing violation of the Leggett–Garg-type inequality in neutrino oscillations of the Daya Bay experiment

The Leggett–Garg inequality (LGI), derived under the assumption of realism, acts as the temporal Bell inequality. It is studied in electromagnetic and strong interaction like photonics, superconducting qubits and nuclear spin. The weak interaction two-state oscillations of neutrinos affirmed the violation of Leggett–Garg-type inequalities (LGtI). We make an empirical test for the...

Highly efficient frequency doubling and quadrupling of a short-pulsed thulium fiber laser

We report the second harmonic generation and fourth harmonic generation of the output from a short-pulsed (~ 80 ps) thulium-doped fiber laser, generating 976 and 488 nm wavelengths with high efficiency. With a narrow-linewidth (0.5 nm) pump at a power of 3.2 W, a second harmonic power of 2.4 W was generated at 976 nm with a conversion efficiency reaching 75%. For FHG, 690 mW of...

Multi-scale research of time and space differences about ecological footprint and ecological carrying capacity of the water resources

A multi-scale assessment framework for assessing and comparing the water resource sustainability based on the ecological footprint (EF) is introduced. The study aims to manage the water resource from different views in Heilongjiang Province. First of all, from the scale of each city, the water ecological carrying capacity (ECC) was calculated from 2000 to 2011, and map the...

Ribonucleic acid interference knockdown of IL-6 enhances the efficacy of cisplatin in laryngeal cancer stem cells by down-regulating the IL-6/STAT3/HIF1 pathway

, Yantai 264003 , China 1 Qiang Fu and Pengruofeng Liu are Co-first authors 2 Department of Stomatology, The First Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University , Hangzhou 310003 , China 3

On the Construction of LCD Codes over F5

Recently, linear codes with complementary dual (LCD codes) are employed in direct-sum-masking technique for prevention of side channel attacks, which is another application on LCD codes out of data storage, communication system and consumer electronics. Follow on, they are also used to construct maximal entanglement entanglement-assisted quantum codes for protecting quantum...

De novo transcriptomic analysis and development of EST-SSRs for Sorbus pohuashanensis (Hance) Hedl.

Sorbus pohuashanensis is a native tree species of northern China that is used for a variety of ecological purposes. The species is often grown as an ornamental landscape tree because of its beautiful form, silver flowers in early summer, attractive pinnate leaves in summer, and red leaves and fruits in autumn. However, development and further utilization of the species are...

Apoptosis signal-regulating kinase 1 inhibition attenuates cardiac hypertrophy and cardiorenal fibrosis induced by uremic toxins: Implications for cardiorenal syndrome

, Bing Hui Wang. Data curation: Feby Savira, Longxing Cao, Ian Wang, Wendi Yang, Kevin Huang, Yue Hua, Li Huang, Qiang Fu, Bing Hui Wang. Formal analysis: Feby Savira, Longxing Cao, Ian Wang, Wendi Yang ... , Kevin Huang, Yue Hua, Li Huang, Qiang Fu, Bing Hui Wang. Funding acquisition: Henry Krum, Zhiliang Li, Qiang Fu, Bing Hui Wang. Investigation: Feby Savira, Longxing Cao, Henry Krum, Qiang Fu, Bing Hui

Ras-like family small GTPases genes in Nilaparvata lugens: Identification, phylogenetic analysis, gene expression and function in nymphal development

Twenty-nine cDNAs encoding Ras-like family small GTPases (RSGs) were cloned and sequenced from Nilaparvata lugens. Twenty-eight proteins are described here: 3 from Rho, 2 from Ras, 9 from Arf and 14 from Rabs. These RSGs from N.lugens have five conserved G-loop motifs and displayed a higher degree of sequence conservation with orthologues from insects. RT-qPCR analysis revealed...

Decreased Caffeine-Induced Locomotor Activity via Microinjection of CART Peptide into the Nucleus Accumbens Is Linked to Inhibition of the pCaMKIIa-D3R Interaction

The purpose of this study was to characterize the inhibitory modulation of cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript (CART) peptides, particularly with respect to the function of the D3 dopamine receptor (D3R), which is activated by its interaction with phosphorylated CaMKIIα (pCaMKIIα) in the nucleus accumbens (NAc). After repeated oral administration of caffeine (30 mg/kg...

Pulse pressure variation shows a direct linear correlation with tidal volume in anesthetized healthy patients

Background The settings of mechanical ventilation, like tidal volume (VT), occasionally need to be adjusted in the process of anesthesia for some special reasons. The aim of this study was therefore to assess the relationship between pulse pressure variations (PPVs) in different settings of VT in anesthetized healthy patients under mechanical ventilation. Methods Sixty nine ASA I...

Molecular Variability and Distribution of Sugarcane Mosaic Virus in Shanxi, China

Background Sugarcane mosaic virus (SCMV) is responsible for large-scale economic losses in the global production of sugarcane, maize, sorghum, and some other graminaceous species. To understand the evolutionary mechanism of SCMV populations, this virus was studied in Shanxi, China. A total of 86 maize leaf samples (41 samples in 2012 and 45 samples in 2013) were collected from 4...

Ran Involved in the Development and Reproduction Is a Potential Target for RNA-Interference-Based Pest Management in Nilaparvata lugens

Wang, and Qiang Fu, but did not have any additional role in the study design, data collection and analysis and decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript. The specific roles of these authors

The Effect of Adjuvant Chemotherapy on Survival in Patients with Residual Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma after Undergoing Concurrent Chemoradiotherapy

Background Guidelines from the U.S. National Comprehensive Cancer Network have recommended use of concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT), followed by a 3-cycles combination of platinum and 5-fluorouracil chemotherapy as standard treatment for nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). The benefits of CCRT for treatment of locally advanced NPC have been established. Whether platinum and 5...

Psychiatric Correlates of Snuff and Chewing Tobacco Use

Compared to the association between cigarette smoking and psychiatric disorders, relatively little is known about the relationship between smokeless tobacco use and psychiatric disorders. To identify the psychiatric correlates of smokeless tobacco use, the analysis used a national representative sample from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions...

Probing surface hydrophobicity of individual protein at single-molecule resolution using solid-state nanopores

Solid-state nanopore is found to be a promising tool to detect proteins and their complexes. Nanopore-protein interaction is a fundamental and ubiquitous process in biology and medical biotechnology. By translocating phi29 connector protein through silicon nitride nanopores, we demonstrate preliminarily probing the surface hydrophobicity of individual protein at single-molecule...

Pathways of Amino Acid Degradation in Nilaparvata lugens (Stål) with Special Reference to Lysine-Ketoglutarate Reductase/Saccharopine Dehydrogenase (LKR/SDH)

-Long Li, Lu Yang, and Qiang Fu, but did not have any additional role in the study design, data collection and analysis and decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript. The specific roles of

Factors that influence the outcome of open urethroplasty for pelvis fracture urethral defect (PFUD): an observational study from a single high-volume tertiary care center

Purpose To report the clinical features of pelvic fracture urethral injury (PFUI) and assess the real effect of factors that are believed to have adverse effects on delayed urethroplasty. Methods An observational descriptive study in a single urological center examined 376 male patients diagnosed with PFUI who underwent open urethroplasty from 2009 to 2013. Analyzed factors...

Newcastle Disease Virus V Protein Targets Phosphorylated STAT1 to Block IFN-I Signaling

Newcastle disease virus (NDV) V protein is considered as an effector for IFN antagonism, however, the mechanism remains unknown. In this study, the expression of STAT1 and phospho-STAT1 in cells infected with NDV or transfected with V protein-expressing plasmids were analyzed. Our results showed that NDV V protein targets phospho-STAT1 reduction in the cells depends on the...

Transgenic shRNA pigs reduce susceptibility to foot and mouth disease virus infection

Foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) is an economically devastating viral disease leading to a substantial loss to the swine industry worldwide. A novel alternative strategy is to develop pigs that are genetically resistant to infection. Here, we produce transgenic (TG) pigs that constitutively expressed FMDV-specific short interfering RNA (siRNA) derived from small hairpin RNA...