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Niche shifts and the potential distribution of Phenacoccus solenopsis (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) under climate change

Zhao. Methodology: Jiufeng Wei, Hufang Zhang. Resources: Jiufeng Wei. Software: Jiufeng Wei. Writing ± original draft: Jiufeng Wei, Hufang Zhang, Wanqing Zhao, Qing Zhao. 14 / 17 16. 15 / 17 41. 16 ... locations used in the study. (XLS) S3 Table. Correlation analysis of environmental variables. (DOC) Author Contributions Data curation: Jiufeng Wei, Hufang Zhang, Wanqing Zhao. Funding acquisition: Qing

Optimal partial regularity of very weak solutions to nonhomogeneous A-harmonic systems

We study partial regularity of very weak solutions to some nonhomogeneous A-harmonic systems. To obtain the reverse Hölder inequality of the gradient of a very weak solution, we construct a suitable test function by Hodge decomposition. With the aid of Gehring’s lemma, we prove that these very weak solutions are weak solutions. Further, we show that these solutions are in fact ...

Efficacy and effects on cardiac function of radiofrequency catheter ablation vs. direct current cardioversion of persistent atrial fibrillation with left ventricular systolic dysfunction

Objective To evaluate the effect of catheter ablation vs. direct current synchronized cardioversion (DCC) in patients with persistent atrial fibrillation (AF) and left ventricular systolic dysfunction, and to define baseline features of patients that will get more benefit from ablation. Methods From July 2013 to October 2014, 97 consecutive single-center patients with persistent AF ...

5-aminolevulinic acid-mediated photodynamic therapy and its strain-dependent combined effect with antibiotics on Staphylococcus aureus biofilm

Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) is hard to be eradicated, not only due to the emergence of antibiotic resistant strains but also because of its ability to form biofilm. Antibiotics are the major approach to treating biofilm infections, but their effects are unsatisfactory. One of the potential alternative treatments for controlling biofilm infections is photodynamic therapy ...

Enhanced adsorption of carbonyl molecules on graphene via π-Li-π interaction: a first-principle study

Carbonyl compounds with elements of C, H, and O and reversible redox-active centers are promising electrode materials in rechargeable batteries owing to their high theoretical capacity, structure flexibility and resources abundance. However, the low conductivity and the dissolution of active molecules in organic electrolyte limit the practical application. Immobilizing the ...

Combined Oral and Intravenous Immunization Stimulates Strong IgA Responses in Both Systemic and Mucosal Compartments

) Acknowledgments We thank Mr. Yunzhou Gao (Pathology Center, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences) for his help on the IHC work and Mr. Qing Zhao (Core Instrument Facility, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences) for

The Scaphoid Safe Zone: A Radiographic Simulation Study to Prevent Cortical Perforation Arising from Different Views

Purpose The purpose of this study was to simulate and calculate the probability of iatrogenic perforation of the scaphoid cortical bone when internal fixation appeared to be safe on radiographs. The results will assist surgeons in determining proper screw placement. Methods Thirty scaphoids were reconstructed using computed tomography data and image-processing software. Different ...

Scutellaria baicalensis, the golden herb from the garden of Chinese medicinal plants

Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi, or Chinese skullcap, has been widely used as a medicinal plant in China for thousands of years, where the preparation from its roots is called Huang-Qin. It has been applied in the treatment of diarrhea, dysentery, hypertension, hemorrhaging, insomnia, inflammation and respiratory infections. Flavones such as baicalin, wogonoside and their aglycones ...

Hole-making processes and their impacts on the microstructure and fatigue response of aircraft alloys

A comparative study on conventional drilling and helical milling has been reported under the context of aircraft alloy hole making. The impacts of these two different machining processes on the microstructures and the fatigue performance of different aircraft alloys have been elaborated. Results show that both alloys undergo more severe surface/subsurface plastic deformation under ...

Erratum to: Considering total intracranial volume and other nuisance variables in brain voxel based morphometry in idiopathic PD

, Gainesville, FL 32611 , USA Unfortunately, there's an error in one of the author's name. - Qing Zhao was incorrectly spelled as Qing Zho. The original article was corrected.

Recombinant production of medium- to large-sized peptides in Escherichia coli using a cleavable self-aggregating tag

Background Peptides have recently become attractive for therapeutic applications. However, efficient production of medium- to large-sized peptides (30–100 amino acids [aa]) remains challenging both by recombinant and chemical synthesis. We previously reported the formation of active enzyme aggregates in Escherichia coli cells induced by the short β-structured peptide ELK16 ...

Defective autophagy leads to the suppression of stem-like features of CD271 + osteosarcoma cells

Background As an important stress-response mechanism, autophagy plays crucial role in the tumor formation and drug resistance of cancer cells including osteosarcoma (OS). OS cancer stem cells (CSCs) also are considered a key factor of tumorigenesis, drug resistance and tumor recurrence. However, the relationship between autophagy and OS CSCs still remains unclear. Methods CD271+ OS ...

Prognostic Value of Focal Adhesion Kinase (FAK) in Human Solid Carcinomas: A Meta-Analysis

Background Recently, the number of reports on focal adhesion kinase (FAK) as a vital therapeutic target in solid carcinomas has increased; however, the prognostic role of FAK status remains poorly understood. This study aims to evaluate the prognostic effect of FAK by means of a meta-analysis. Methods We performed a systematic literature search in order to examine the correlation ...

Formation of active inclusion bodies induced by hydrophobic self-assembling peptide GFIL8

Background In the last few decades, several groups have observed that proteins expressed as inclusion bodies (IBs) in bacteria could still be biologically active when terminally fused to an appropriate aggregation-prone partner such as pyruvate oxidase from Paenibacillus polymyxa (PoxB). More recently, we have demonstrated that three amphipathic self-assembling peptides, an alpha ...

Recent advances in biosynthesis of bioactive compounds in traditional Chinese medicinal plants

Plants synthesize and accumulate large amount of specialized (or secondary) metabolites also known as natural products, which provide a rich source for modern pharmacy. In China, plants have been used in traditional medicine for thousands of years. Recent development of molecular biology, genomics and functional genomics as well as high-throughput analytical chemical technologies ...

Potentials and challenges towards application of perovskite solar cells

supervision of Prof. Dapeng Yu and Prof. Qing Zhao. She received her BSc degree (2012) from the School of Microelectronics and Solid-State Electronics, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China ... in 1995. His current interests are 1D semiconductor nanowires, transport in low-D materials, and single DNA detection/sequencing via solid state nanopore microscope. Qing Zhao is an associate

Distribution and geochemical significance of phenylphenanthrenes and their isomers in selected oils and rock extracts from the Tarim Basin, NW China

Twenty-two oil samples and eight source rock samples collected from the Tarim Basin, NW China were geochemically analyzed to investigate the occurrence and distribution of phenylphenanthrene (PhP), phenylanthracene (PhA), and binaphthyl (BiN) isomers and methylphenanthrene (MP) isomers in oils and rock extracts with different depositional environments. Phenylphenanthrenes are ...

miR-sc8 Inhibits Schwann Cell Proliferation and Migration by Targeting Egfr

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) negatively regulate the expression of target genes at the post-transcriptional level in diverse biological processes. We have previously identified a group of novel miRNAs in proximal nerve following rat sciatic nerve transection by Solexa sequencing. In this study, the biological function and action mode of miR-sc8, one of the above identified miRNAs, were ...

Interleukin-1β Promoter Polymorphism Enhances the Risk of Sleep Disturbance in Alzheimer’s Disease

Sleep alleviates Alzheimer’s disease (AD)-related neuropathological processes, whereas sleep disturbance in AD patients is associated with elevated peripheral inflammatory cytokine levels. In the present study, we assessed interleukin (IL)-1β and APOEε4 polymorphisms for association with susceptibility of sleep disturbances in AD patients. A total of 123 pretreated AD patients and ...

Renalase Protects against Contrast-Induced Nephropathy in Sprague-Dawley Rats

Background Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) is the third leading cause of hospital-acquired acute renal failure. Oxidative stress, apoptosis and inflammation play crucial roles in CIN. Renalase is a newly discovered monoamine oxidase from the kidney. We hypothesize that renalase could protect against CIN through anti-oxidation, anti-inflammation and anti-apoptosis pathways. ...