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Resicore and Glyphosate Application Timings in Corn

A study was initiated near Garden City, KS, in 2016, comparing the weed control of several herbicide treatments in irrigated corn. All treatments provided excellent, season-long control of kochia, Russian thistle, Palmer amaranth and green foxtail. Herbicide-treated corn yielded 219 to 235 bu/a, which was 86 to 102 bu/a more than nontreated corn; however, no differences in yield ...

Clarity, Laudis, Diflexx Duo, Atrazine, and Glyphosate for Efficacy in Corn

A study was initiated near Garden City, KS, in 2016 comparing the weed control of several herbicide treatments in irrigated corn. Control of quinoa, Russian thistle, and kochia was excellent with all herbicide treatments, and late-season control of common sunflower was 100% with all treatments except for those applied preemergence alone. Most treatments controlled green foxtail 95% ...

Palmer Amaranth (Amaranthus palmeri) Suppression with Half Rates of Dicamba and Atrazine with Increasing Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) Density and Nitrogen Rate

Palmer amaranth (PA) competition can result in severe yield loss in grain sorghum. Increasing sorghum density and nutrient supply could promote early/rapid canopy closure and therefore reduce the amount of light that could otherwise penetrate the canopy and promote PA growth in sorghum. A study was conducted at the Southwest Research-Extension Center near Garden City, KS, to ...

Major changes in microbial diversity and community composition across gut sections of a juvenile Panchlora cockroach

Investigations of gut microbiomes have shed light on the diversity and genetic content of these communities, and helped shape our understanding of how host-associated microorganisms influence host physiology, behavior, and health. Despite the importance of gut microbes to metazoans, our understanding of the changes in diversity and composition across the alimentary tract, and the ...

Weed Control in Irrigated Corn with Combinations of Corvus, Balance Flexx, Capreno, Laudis, Harness, Atrazine, Glyphosate, Dual, and Diflexx

Most preemergence treatments followed by postemergence treatments provided better Palmer amaranth control than preemergence treatments alone or early postemergence treatments alone (Table 2). The better treatments provided good control of Palmer amaranth, kochia, Russian thistle, crabgrass, green foxtail, and shattercane. All treatments elevated yield over the untreated control.

Macrofaunal Patterns in and around du Couedic and Bonney Submarine Canyons, South Australia

Two South Australian canyons, one shelf-incising (du Couedic) and one slope-limited (Bonney) were compared for macrofaunal patterns on the shelf and slope that spanned three water masses. It was hypothesized that community structure would (H1) significantly differ by water mass, (H2) show significant regional differences and (H3) differ significantly between interior and exterior ...

Correction: Unique Honey Bee (Apis mellifera) Hive Component-Based Communities as Detected by a Hybrid of Phospholipid Fatty-Acid and Fatty-Acid Methyl Ester Analyses

. Scott Kevin J. Budsberg Harry Read Teri C. Balser Cameron R. Currie The image for Fig 6 is incorrect. Please see the corrected Fig 6 here. - Fig 6. Heat map, dendrograms and dot plot representing both

Unique Honey Bee (Apis mellifera) Hive Component-Based Communities as Detected by a Hybrid of Phospholipid Fatty-Acid and Fatty-Acid Methyl Ester Analyses

Microbial communities (microbiomes) are associated with almost all metazoans, including the honey bee Apis mellifera. Honey bees are social insects, maintaining complex hive systems composed of a variety of integral components including bees, comb, propolis, honey, and stored pollen. Given that the different components within hives can be physically separated and are nutritionally ...

ORFcor: Identifying and Accommodating ORF Prediction Inconsistencies for Phylogenetic Analysis

The high-throughput annotation of open reading frames (ORFs) required by modern genome sequencing projects necessitates computational protocols that sometimes annotate orthologous ORFs inconsistently. Such inconsistencies hinder comparative analyses by non-uniformly extending or truncating 5′ and/or 3′ sequence ends, causing ORFs that are in fact identical to artificially diverge. ...

Interaction between Workers during a Short Time Window Is Required for Bacterial Symbiont Transmission in Acromyrmex Leaf-Cutting Ants

Stable associations between partners over time are critical for the evolution of mutualism. Hosts employ a variety of mechanisms to maintain specificity with bacterial associates. Acromyrmex leaf-cutting ants farm a fungal cultivar as their primary nutrient source. These ants also carry a Pseudonocardia Actinobacteria exosymbiont on their bodies that produces antifungal compounds ...

Study of charmonium production in \({b} \) -hadron decays and first evidence for the decay \({{{B}} ^0_{{s}}} \!\rightarrow \phi \phi \phi \)

Using decays to \(\phi \)-meson pairs, the inclusive production of charmonium states in \({b} \)-hadron decays is studied with pp collision data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of \(3.0 {\,\mathrm{fb}}^{-1} \), collected by the LHCb experiment at centre-of-mass energies of 7 and 8 TeV. Denoting by \({\mathcal {B}} _C \equiv {\mathcal {B}} ( {{b}} \!\rightarrow C X ) ...

Evolution of substrate specificity in bacterial AA10 lytic polysaccharide monooxygenases

Background Understanding the diversity of lignocellulose-degrading enzymes in nature will provide insights for the improvement of cellulolytic enzyme cocktails used in the biofuels industry. Two families of enzymes, fungal AA9 and bacterial AA10, have recently been characterized as crystalline cellulose or chitin-cleaving lytic polysaccharide monooxygenases (LPMOs). Here we analyze ...

Gene fragmentation in bacterial draft genomes: extent, consequences and mitigation

Background Ongoing technological advances in genome sequencing are allowing bacterial genomes to be sequenced at ever-lower cost. However, nearly all of these new techniques concomitantly decrease genome quality, primarily due to the inability of their relatively short read lengths to bridge certain genomic regions, e.g., those containing repeats. Fragmentation of predicted open ...

Test of lepton universality with B 0 → K *0 ℓ + ℓ − decays

A test of lepton universality, performed by measuring the ratio of the branching fractions of the B 0 → K *0 μ + μ − and B 0 → K *0 e + e − decays, \( {R}_{K^{*0}} \), is presented. The K *0 meson is reconstructed in the final state K + π −, which is required to have an invariant mass within 100 MeV/c 2 of the known K *(892)0 mass. The analysis is performed using proton-proton ...

Resonances and CP violation in B s 0 and \( {\overline{B}}_s^0\to J/\psi {K}^{+}{K}^{-} \) decays in the mass region above the ϕ(1020)

The decays of B s 0 and \( {\overline{B}}_s^0 \) mesons into the J/ψK + K − final state are studied in the K + K − mass region above the ϕ(1020) meson in order to determine the resonant substructure and measure the CP-violating phase, ϕ s , the decay width, Γ s , and the width difference between light and heavy mass eigenstates, ΔΓ s . A decay-time dependent amplitude analysis is ...

Symbiont Interactions in a Tripartite Mutualism: Exploring the Presence and Impact of Antagonism between Two Fungus-Growing Ant Mutualists

Mutualistic associations are shaped by the interplay of cooperation and conflict among the partners involved, and it is becoming increasingly clear that within many mutualisms multiple partners simultaneously engage in beneficial interactions. Consequently, a more complete understanding of the dynamics within multipartite mutualism communities is essential for understanding the ...

Correction: Enrichment and Broad Representation of Plant Biomass-Degrading Enzymes in the Specialized Hyphal Swellings of Leucoagaricus gongylophorus, the Fungal Symbiont of Leaf-Cutter Ants

Mary S. Lipton Kristin E. Burnum-Johnson Cameron R. Currie An earlier version of Fig 4 was published. Please view the correct Fig 4 here. There is an error in the second sentence of the final paragraph

Biophysical Factors Affecting the Distribution of Demersal Fish around the Head of a Submarine Canyon Off the Bonney Coast, South Australia

We sampled the demersal fish community of the Bonney Canyon, South Australia at depths (100–1,500 m) and locations that are poorly known. Seventy-eight species of demersal fish were obtained from 12 depth-stratified trawls along, and to either side, of the central canyon axis. Distributional patterns in species richness and biomass were highly correlated. Three fish assemblage ...

Enrichment and Broad Representation of Plant Biomass-Degrading Enzymes in the Specialized Hyphal Swellings of Leucoagaricus gongylophorus, the Fungal Symbiont of Leaf-Cutter Ants

Leaf-cutter ants are prolific and conspicuous constituents of Neotropical ecosystems that derive energy from specialized fungus gardens they cultivate using prodigious amounts of foliar biomass. The basidiomycetous cultivar of the ants, Leucoagaricus gongylophorus, produces specialized hyphal swellings called gongylidia that serve as the primary food source of ant colonies. ...