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Enhancing pathogen identification in patients with meningitis and a negative Gram stain using the BioFire FilmArray ® Meningitis/Encephalitis panel

analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript. Competing interests Andrew Hammert, Ph.D. is employed by BioFire and Rodrigo Hasbun, MD is a consultant for Biofire. Biofire performed the

West Nile Virus Retinopathy and Associations with Long Term Neurological and Neurocognitive Sequelae

West Nile virus (WNV) has emerged as an important vector-borne pathogen in North America, with more than 3 million estimated to have been infected. Retinopathy from WNV infection has been previously reported in acute cases, though those prior reports did not evaluate the risk of retinopathy based on clinical severity of neurologic disease. The purpose of this cross-sectional...

Quality of life and related factors among chronic hepatitis B-infected patients: a multi-center study, Turkey

Erdem Kenan Ugurlu Gul Durmus Nevin Koc Ince Cinar Ozturk Rodrigo Hasbun Ayse Batirel Esmeray Mutlu Yilmaz Ilkay Bozkurt Mustafa Sunbul Aynur Aynioglu Aynur Atilla Ayse Erbay Ayse Inci Cigdem Kader Elif

Streptococcus pneumoniae Bacteremia: Duration of Previous Antibiotic Use and Association with Penicillin Resistance

Previous antibiotic exposure is one of the most important predictors for acquisition of penicillin-nonsusceptible Streptococcus pneumoniae (PNSP) infection. To determine the impact of duration of exposure to different antibiotic classes, a study of 303 patients with S. pneumoniae bacteremia was undertaken. Ninety-eight cases of bacteremia (32%) were caused by a penicillin...

Bacterial Meningitis By Allan R. Tunkel Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2001. 288 pp., illustrated. $110.00 (hardcover)

Rodrigo Hasbun 0 0 Section of Infectious Diseases, Tulane University School of Medicine , New Orleans, Louisiana - Despite the advances in antibiotic therapy that have occurred in the past 3

High-Level Penicillin-Nonsusceptible Streptococcus pneumoniae Bacteremia: Identification of a Low-Risk Subgroup

High-level penicillin resistance has been associated with treatment failure in patients with Streptococcus pneumoniae infections. To identify a subgroup of patients at low risk for high-level penicillin-nonsusceptible S. pneumoniae bacteremia, a cross-sectional study of 303 patients was performed. For the total study population, penicillin resistance was observed in 98 (32%) of...

The Diagnostic Accuracy of Kernig's Sign, Brudzinski's Sign, and Nuchal Rigidity in Adults with Suspected Meningitis

To determine the diagnostic accuracy of Kernig's sign, Brudzinski's sign, and nuchal rigidity for meningitis, 297 adults with suspected meningitis were prospectively evaluated for the presence of these meningeal signs before lumbar puncture was done. Kernig's sign (sensitivity, 5%; likelihood ratio for a positive test result [LR+], 0.97), Brudzinski's sign (sensitivity, 5%; LR...

Recombinant Interferon-γlb as Adjunctive Therapy for AIDS-Related Acute Cryptococcal Meningitis

We conducted a phase 2, double-blind, placebo-controlled study to evaluate the safety and antifungal activity of adjuvant recombinant interferon (rlFN)-γ1b in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and acute cryptococcal meningitis. Patients received 100 or 200μg of rIFN-γ1b or placebo, thrice weekly for 10 weeks, plus standard therapy with intravenous amphotericin B...