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Search: authors:"Ryszard Kornijów"

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Mortality of post-settlement clams Rangia cuneata (Mactridae, Bivalvia) at an early stage of invasion in the Vistula Lagoon (South Baltic) due to biotic and abiotic factors

The clam Rangia cuneata, originating from the Gulf of Mexico, was recorded in the Vistula Lagoon for the first time in the early 2010s, and quickly became the dominant component of the zoobenthic biomass. To assess mortality as a factor potentially controlling the growth of Rangia population, a year-long field experiment involving marked bivalves placed in sediment-filled trays...

The experimental set for in situ research of benthic communities in marine and freshwater ecosystems

The presented system of experimental trays permits conducting field experiments at considerable depths, all year round, and with no application of diving techniques. The deployed set can be entirely hidden under water, which is an advantage in crowded areas. The set is composed of single units, each composed of a tray filled with a substrate, four-legged bridles, and a hanging...

A quantitative sampler for collecting invertebrates associated with deep submerged vegetation

Only few of the numerous samplers for collecting invertebrate fauna associated with vegetation permit sampling at depths of more than approximately 0.5 m. This paper describes a sampler allowing collection of epifauna from submerged plants at a depth of up to approximately 2 m, growing in varied densities. The sampler is composed of two panels made of duralumin, connected on one...

A simple solution enabling quantitative sampling of freshwater and marine sediments covered by dense submerged vegetation

The biological and physico-chemical structure of near bottom habitats located under densely growing submerged vegetation, and their significance in the functioning of whole aquatic ecosystems, are very little known due to difficulties in sampling. Corer-type samplers, believed to be the best in littoral studies, do not work properly in such places, because their tube opening is...

Towards a more precisely defined macrophyte-dominated regime: the recent history of a shallow lake in Eastern Poland

Archived data and sedimentary macrofossil records of vegetation and invertebrates deposited in a 60-cm long sediment core were analysed to examine if macrophyte dominance was a permanent feature of the recent history of lowland Lake Kleszczów. For the last several centuries, the lake has not been dominated by phytoplankton but by floating-leaved vegetation at strongly reduced...

Palaeoecological evidence for changes over the past 200 years in chironomid communities of a shallow lake exposed to cyanobacterial toxins

In spite of the existence of a number of papers applying the biomarker approach using pigments or akinetes to discuss the impact of cyanobacteria on the functioning of lakes in the palaeoenvironmental context, their sedimentary imprint in the form of microcystins (MCs) has never been taken into consideration. Our objective was to reconstruct 200 years of the development of...

Disentangling natural and anthropogenic drivers of changes in a shallow lake using palaeolimnology and historical archives

Shallow lakes are susceptible to catastrophic regime shifts characterised by the presence or absence or macrophytes. However, the long-term controls on macrophyte succession in shallow lakes are incompletely understood. To investigate this, we analysed multiple sediment proxies in Lake Rotcze (Eastern Poland), a small, shallow and densely macrophyte-covered lake to (1...