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12 papers found.
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D-particles on orientifolds and rational invariants

We revisit the D0 bound state problems, of the M/IIA duality, with the Orientifolds. The cases of O4 and O8 have been studied recently, from the perspective of five-dimensional theories, while the case of O0 has been much neglected. The computation we perform for D0-O0 states boils down to the Witten indices for \( \mathcal{N}=16 \) O(m) and Sp(n) quantum mechanics, where we adapt ...

Witten index for noncompact dynamics

Among gauged dynamics motivated by string theory, we find many with gapless asymptotic directions. Although the natural boundary condition for ground states is L 2, one often turns on chemical potentials or supersymmetric mass terms to regulate the infrared issues, instead, and computes the twisted partition function. We point out how this procedure generically fails to capture ...

Tools for CICYs in F-theory

We provide a set of tools for analyzing the geometry of elliptically fibered Calabi-Yau manifolds, starting with a description of the total space rather than with a Weierstrass model or a specified type of fiber/base. Such an approach to the subject of F-theory compactification makes certain geometric properties, which are usually hidden, manifest. Specifically, we review how to ...

Multiple fibrations in Calabi-Yau geometry and string dualities

In this work we explore the physics associated to Calabi-Yau (CY) n-folds that can be described as a fibration in more than one way. Beginning with F-theory vacua in various dimensions, we consider limits/dualities with M-theory, type IIA, and heterotic string theories. Our results include many M-/F-theory correspondences in which distinct F-theory vacua — associated to different ...

Mutation, Witten index, and quiver invariant

We explore Seiberg-like dualities, or mutations, for \( \mathcal{N}=4 \) quiver quantum mechanics in the context of wall-crossing. In contrast to higher dimensions, the 1d Seiberg-duality must be performed with much care. With fixed Fayet-Iliopoulos constants, at most two nodes can be mutated, one left and the other right, mapping a chamber of a quiver into a chamber of a mutated ...

Heterotic model building: 16 special manifolds

We study heterotic model building on 16 specific Calabi-Yau manifolds constructed as hypersurfaces in toric four-folds. These 16 manifolds are the only ones among the more than half a billion manifolds in the Kreuzer-Skarke list with a non-trivial first fundamental group. We classify the line bundle models on these manifolds, both for SU(5) and SO(10) GUTs, which lead to consistent ...

Abelianization of BPS quivers and the refined Higgs index

We count Higgs “phase” BPS states of general non-Abelian quiver, possibly with loops, by mapping the problem to its Abelian, or toric, counterpart and imposing Weyl invariance later. Precise Higgs index computation is particularly important for quivers with superpotentials; the Coulomb “phase” index is recently shown to miss important BPS states, dubbed intrinsic Higgs states or ...

Transient Loss of Protection Afforded by a Live Attenuated Non-typhoidal Salmonella Vaccine in Mice Co-infected with Malaria

In immunocompetent individuals, non-typhoidal Salmonella serovars (NTS) are associated with gastroenteritis, however, there is currently an epidemic of NTS bloodstream infections in sub-Saharan Africa. Plasmodium falciparum malaria is an important risk factor for invasive NTS bloodstream in African children. Here we investigated whether a live, attenuated Salmonella vaccine could ...

Effect of ZnO:Cs2CO3 on the performance of organic photovoltaics

We demonstrate a new solution-processed electron transport layer (ETL), zinc oxide doped with cesium carbonate (ZnO:Cs2CO3), for achieving organic photovoltaics (OPVs) with good operational stability at ambient air. An OPV employing the ZnO:Cs2CO3 ETL exhibits a fill factor of 62%, an open circuit voltage of 0.90 V, and a short circuit current density of −6.14 mA/cm2 along with ...

Comparison of Pressure Drop and Filtration Efficiency of Particulate Respirators using Welding Fumes and Sodium Chloride

Respirators are used to help reduce exposure to a variety of contaminants in workplaces. Test aerosols used for certification of particulate respirators (PRs) include sodium chloride (NaCl), dioctyl phthalate, and paraffin oil. These aerosols are generally assumed to be worst case surrogates for aerosols found in the workplace. No data have been published to date on the performance ...

Mechanism of sequence-specific template binding by the DNA primase of bacteriophage T7

). Examination of templates containing a repeated sequence of any two base combinations for primer synthesis reveals that T7 primase can also synthesize (AG)n as well as (AC)n at high concentrations (Seung-Joo Lee ... of dTTP. However, when both ATP and CTP are present together with dTTP, the overall DNA binding level is decreased, yet preferential binding to the primase recognition site is retained (Seung-Joo Lee

Temporal Expression of Bacterial Proteins Instructs Host CD4 T Cell Expansion and Th17 Development

Pathogens can substantially alter gene expression within an infected host depending on metabolic or virulence requirements in different tissues, however, the effect of these alterations on host immunity are unclear. Here we visualized multiple CD4 T cell responses to temporally expressed proteins in Salmonella-infected mice. Flagellin-specific CD4 T cells expanded and contracted ...