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Association between age at onset of independent walking and objectively measured sedentary behavior is mediated by moderate-to-vigorous physical activity in primary school children

National Institute of Health and Nutrition for their help with the survey. Author Contributions Conceptualization: Tomoko Aoyama, Maki Tanaka, Masayuki Okuda, Shigeru Inoue, Chiaki Tanaka. Data curation ... , Masayuki Okuda, Shigeru Inoue, Chiaki Tanaka. 10 / 13 Project administration: Shigeho Tanaka, Masayuki Okuda, Shigeru Inoue, Chiaki Tanaka. Resources: Shigeho Tanaka, Chiaki Tanaka. Software: Shigeho Tanaka

The meaning of behavioral medicine in the public health field—a review of documents related to medical education in Japan

International standardization of medical education requires Japanese medical schools to restructure their curricula to include “behavioral science.” Two influential documents for Japanese medical education, the “Model Core Curriculum for Medical Education in Japan” and the “Scope of the Japanese National Examination for Medical Doctors” include some key terms regarding behavioral...

Association between objectively evaluated physical activity and sedentary behavior and screen time in primary school children

Shigeru Inoue Tomoko Aoyama Shigeho Tanaka 0 Division of Integrated Sciences, J. F. Oberlin University , 3758 Tokiwamachi, Machida, Tokyo 194-0294 , Japan Background: Even when meeting guidelines for

Comparability of activity monitors used in Asian and Western-country studies for assessing free-living sedentary behaviour

, Kaori Ishii, Koichiro Oka. Methodology: Kaori Ishii, Ai Shibata, Hiroyuki Sasai, Yoshio Nakata, Noritoshi Fukushima, Shigeru Inoue, Shigeho Tanaka, Koichiro Oka. Resources: Koichiro Oka. Writing ... ± original draft: Satoshi Kurita. Writing ± review & editing: Kaori Ishii, Ai Shibata, Hiroyuki Sasai, Yoshio Nakata, Noritoshi Fukushima, Shigeru Inoue, Shigeho Tanaka, Takemi Sugiyama, Neville Owen

Types of social participation and psychological distress in Japanese older adults: A five-year cohort study

Introduction The most effective type of social participation against psychological distress in older adults is not well documented. The aim of this study was to examine whether different types of social participation are associated with changes in psychological distress level in older men and women in Japan. Methods Two thousand seven hundred community-dwelling older adults (aged...

Pedometer-determined physical activity among youth in the Tokyo Metropolitan area: a cross-sectional study

Background Providing large-scale descriptive data of objectively measured physical activity in youth is informative for practitioners, epidemiologists, and researchers. The purpose of this study was to present the pedometer-determined physical activity among Japanese youth using the Tokyo Metropolitan Survey of Physical Fitness, Physical Activity and Lifestyle 2011. Methods This...

Community-wide promotion of physical activity in middle-aged and older Japanese: a 3-year evaluation of a cluster randomized trial

Background Promotion of physical activity (PA) is a key strategy to prevent non-communicable diseases. However, evidence on the effectiveness of community-wide interventions (CWIs) for promoting PA is limited. Purpose To evaluate the effectiveness of a 3-year CWI for promoting PA in middle-aged and older adults compared with usual public health services. This study is an...

Correlates of prolonged television viewing time in older Japanese men and women

Background In addition to insufficient moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), prolonged sitting time is also a health risk for older adults. An understanding of population subgroups who have prolonged television viewing (TV) time, a predominant sedentary behavior, can aid in the development of relevant health promotion initiatives; however, few such studies have focused...

A community-wide campaign to promote physical activity in middle-aged and elderly people: a cluster randomized controlled trial

Background We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of a community-wide campaign (CWC) for promoting physical activity in middle-aged and elderly people. Methods A cluster randomized controlled trial (RCT) with a community as the unit of randomization was performed using a population-based random-sampled evaluation by self-administered questionnaires in the city of Unnan, Shimane...

Association of self-reported physical activity patterns and socio-demographic factors among normal-weight and overweight Japanese men

Ishii Koichiro Oka Yoshio Nakamura Shigeru Inoue Teruichi Shimomitsu 0 Graduate School of Sport Sciences, Waseda University , 2-579-15 Mikajima, Tokorozawa, Saitama 359-1192 , Japan Background: It is

Joint associations of physical activity and screen time with overweight among japanese adults

Background Although both insufficient physical activity (PA) and high screen time (ST) are independent risk factors for obesity, how the combination of sufficient/insufficient PA and high/low ST could increase obesity risk among the adult population of Japan is not known. This study examined joint associations of PA and ST with overweight among Japanese adults. Methods An...

Patterns of neighborhood environment attributes related to physical activity across 11 countries: a latent class analysis

Background Neighborhood environment studies of physical activity (PA) have been mainly single-country focused. The International Prevalence Study (IPS) presented a rare opportunity to examine neighborhood features across countries. The purpose of this analysis was to: 1) detect international neighborhood typologies based on participants’ response patterns to an environment survey...

Perceived neighborhood environment and physical activity in 11 countries: Do associations differ by country?

Background Increasing empirical evidence supports associations between neighborhood environments and physical activity. However, since most studies were conducted in a single country, particularly western countries, the generalizability of associations in an international setting is not well understood. The current study examined whether associations between perceived attributes...

How many steps/day are enough? for adults

Billie Giles-Corti Yoshiro Hatano Shigeru Inoue Sandra M Matsudo Nanette Mutrie Jean-Michel Oppert David A Rowe Michael D Schmidt Grant M Schofield John C Spence Pedro J Teixeira Mark A Tully Steven N