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Questionable research practices in ecology and evolution

reviewers for feedback on the manuscript and Aurora Marquette for her assistance in collecting contact author addresses. Author Contributions Conceptualization: Hannah Fraser, Tim Parker, Shinichi Nakagawa ... , Shinichi Nakagawa, Ashley Barnett, Fiona Fidler. Methodology: Tim Parker, Shinichi Nakagawa, Ashley Barnett, Fiona Fidler. Project administration: Fiona Fidler. Resources: Fiona Fidler. Supervision: Fiona

Sex differences in life history, behavior, and physiology along a slow-fast continuum: a meta-analysis

The pace-of-life syndrome (POLS) hypothesis predicts that behavior and physiology covary with life history. Evidence for such covariation is contradictory, possibly because systematic sources of variation (e.g. sex) have been neglected. Sexes often experience different selection pressures leading to sex-specific allocation between reproduction and self-maintenance, facilitating...

Cell Type-Specific Survey of Epigenetic Modifications by Tandem Chromatin Immunoprecipitation Sequencing

Scholar Search for Shintaro Iwasaki in:Nature Research journals • PubMed • Google Scholar Search for Shinichi Nakagawa in:Nature Research journals • PubMed • Google Scholar Contributions M.M. performed ... to Shintaro Iwasaki or Shinichi Nakagawa. Electronic supplementary material Supplemental materialsSupplemental table T1 Rights and permissions Open Access This article is licensed under a

The effect of dietary restriction on reproduction: a meta-analytic perspective

Background Dietary restriction (DR), a reduction in the amount of food or particular nutrients eaten, is the most consistent environmental manipulation to extend lifespan and protect against age related diseases. Current evolutionary theory explains this effect as a shift in the resolution of the trade-off between lifespan and reproduction. However, recent studies have questioned...

Replicating research in ecology and evolution: feasibility, incentives, and the cost-benefit conundrum

We believe that replicating studies in ecology and evolution is extremely valuable, but replication within species and systems is troublingly rare, and even ‘quasi-replications’ in different systems are often insufficient. We make a case for supporting multiple types of replications and point out that the current incentive structure needs to change if ecologists and evolutionary...

Natural antisense RNA promotes 3′ end processing and maturation of MALAT1 lncRNA

The RNase P-mediated endonucleolytic cleavage plays a crucial role in the 3′ end processing and cellular accumulation of MALAT1, a nuclear-retained long noncoding RNA that promotes malignancy. The regulation of this cleavage event is largely undetermined. Here we characterize a broadly expressed natural antisense transcript at the MALAT1 locus, designated as TALAM1, that...

Xist Exon 7 Contributes to the Stable Localization of Xist RNA on the Inactive X-Chromosome

To equalize X-linked gene dosage between the sexes in mammalian females, Xist RNA inactivates one of the two X-chromosomes. Here, we report the crucial function of Xist exon 7 in X-inactivation. Xist exon 7 is the second-largest exon with a well-conserved repeat E in eutherian mammals, but its role is often overlooked in X-inactivation. Although female ES cells with a targeted...

Juvenile Hormone Enhances Aversive Learning Performance in 2-Day Old Worker Honey Bees while Reducing Their Attraction to Queen Mandibular Pheromone

Shinichi Nakagawa 0 Alison R. Mercer 0 Wulfila Gronenberg, University of Arizona, United States of America 0 Department of Zoology, University of Otago , Dunedin , New Zealand Previous studies have shown

The Evolutionary Consequences of Disrupted Male Mating Signals: An Agent-Based Modelling Exploration of Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals in the Guppy

Females may select a mate based on signalling traits that are believed to accurately correlate with heritable aspects of male quality. Anthropogenic actions, in particular chemicals released into the environment, are now disrupting the accuracy of mating signals to convey information about male quality. The long-term prediction for disrupted mating signals is most commonly loss...

Breeding Biology and Variable Mating System of a Population of Introduced Dunnocks (Prunella modularis) in New Zealand

Species with variable mating systems provide a unique opportunity to investigate whether females receive direct fitness benefits from additional male partners. The direct benefits provide an obvious explanation for why females would breed polyandrously, in a situation where males clearly do not attain their optimal reproductive success. Evidence for these direct benefits is...

Paraspeckle nuclear bodies—useful uselessness?

The nucleus of higher eukaryotes, such as humans and mice, is compartmentalized into multiple nuclear bodies, an organization that allows for the regulation of complex gene expression pathways that are characteristic of these organisms. Paraspeckles are recently discovered, mammalian-specific nuclear bodies built on a long, non-protein-coding RNA, NEAT1 (nuclear-enriched abundant...

Long Non-Coding RNA Malat-1 Is Dispensable during Pressure Overload-Induced Cardiac Remodeling and Failure in Mice

Mouse models Heterozygous Malat-1+/- mice derived from CBA x C57Bl/6 chimeric animals were provided by Shinichi Nakagawa after 6 backcrosses into C57Bl/6N mice [ 17 ]. The offspring was genotyped

The long and the short of avian W chromosomes: no evidence for gradual W shortening

Joanna Rutkowska Malgorzata Lagisz Shinichi Nakagawa Articles on similar topics can be found in the following collections Receive free email alerts when new articles cite this article - sign up in

The effect of resveratrol on longevity across species: a meta-analysis

Katie L. Hector Malgorzata Lagisz Shinichi Nakagawa Articles on similar topics can be found in the following collections health and disease and epidemiology (85 articles) Receive free email alerts ... Katie L. Hector*, Malgorzata Lagisz and Shinichi Nakagawa National Research Centre for Growth and Development, Department of Zoology, University of Otago, PO Box 56, Dunedin, New Zealand *Author for

A Transcriptome Derived Female-Specific Marker from the Invasive Western Mosquitofish (Gambusia affinis)

Sex-specific markers are a prerequisite for understanding reproductive biology, genetic factors involved in sex differences, mechanisms of sex determination, and ultimately the evolution of sex chromosomes. The Western mosquitofish, Gambusia affinis, may be considered a model species for sex-chromosome evolution, as it displays female heterogamety (ZW/ZZ), and is also...

Strategic female reproductive investment in response to male attractiveness in birds

Life-history theory predicts that individuals should adjust their reproductive effort according to the expected fitness returns on investment. Because sexually selected male traits should provide honest information about male genetic or phenotypic quality, females may invest more when paired with attractive males. However, there is substantial disagreement in the literature...

Passerine Birds Breeding under Chronic Noise Experience Reduced Fitness

Background Fitness in birds has been shown to be negatively associated with anthropogenic noise, but the underlying mechanisms remain obscure. It is however crucial to understand the mechanisms of how urban noise impinges on fitness to obtain a better understanding of the role of chronic noise in urban ecology. Here, we examine three hypotheses on how noise might reduce...

The lncRNA Neat1 is required for corpus luteum formation and the establishment of pregnancy in a subpopulation of mice

Shinichi Nakagawa () Masayuki Shimada Kaori Yanaka Mari Mito Takashi Arai Eiki Takahashi Youko Fujita Toshihiko Fujimori Laura Standaert Jean-Christophe Marine Tetsuro Hirose Neat1 is a non-protein

Food supplements increase adult tarsus length, but not growth rate, in an island population of house sparrows (Passer domesticus)

Shinichi Nakagawa 0 Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield , Sheffield, S10 2TN , UK Background: Variation in food supply during early development can influence growth rate and