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3D printing the pterygopalatine fossa: a negative space model of a complex structure

Purpose The pterygopalatine fossa is one of the most complex anatomical regions to understand. It is poorly visualized in cadaveric dissection and most textbooks rely on schematic depictions. We describe our approach to creating a low-cost, 3D model of the pterygopalatine fossa, including its associated canals and foramina, using an affordable “desktop” 3D printer. Methods We used ...

“Know your audience”: A hospital community engagement programme in a non-profit paediatric hospital in Cambodia

for Children. The Science Cafe and YPAG are funded by a Wellcome Trust Provision for Public Engagement Grant. Author Contributions Conceptualization: Sreymom Pol, Shivani Fox-Lewis, Phaik Yeong Cheah ... , Claudia Turner. Data curation: Sreymom Pol. Formal analysis: Sreymom Pol. Funding acquisition: Phaik Yeong Cheah. Investigation: Sreymom Pol. Methodology: Sreymom Pol, Shivani Fox-Lewis, Phaik Yeong

Scalable two-phase co-occurring sensitive pattern hiding using MapReduce

Background Expansion of Internet and its use for on-line activities such as E-Commerce and social networking are producing large volumes of transactional data. This huge data volume resulted from these activities facilitates the analysis and understanding of global trends and interesting patterns used for several decisive purposes. Analytics involved in these processes expose ...

Genome-wide analysis of transcription factors during somatic embryogenesis in banana (Musa spp.) cv. Grand Naine

University Chandigarh for Ph.D. registration. Author Contributions Conceptualization: Siddharth Tiwari. Data curation: Praveen Awasthi, Siddharth Tiwari. 15 / 19 Formal analysis: Shivani, Praveen Awasthi ... , Navjot Kaur, Navneet Kaur, Pankaj Pandey, Siddharth Tiwari. Funding acquisition: Siddharth Tiwari. Investigation: Praveen Awasthi, Siddharth Tiwari. Methodology: Shivani, Praveen Awasthi, Vikrant Sharma

The incidence and severity of errors in pharmacist-written discharge medication orders

Background Errors in discharge prescriptions are problematic. When hospital pharmacists write discharge prescriptions improvements are seen in the quality and efficiency of discharge. There is limited information on the incidence of errors in pharmacists’ medication orders. Objective To investigate the extent and clinical significance of errors in pharmacist-written discharge ...

Phenomenological study of extended seesaw model for light sterile neutrino

We study the zero textures of the Yukawa matrices in the minimal extended type-I seesaw (MES) model which can give rise to ∼ eV scale sterile neutrinos. In this model, three right handed neutrinos and one extra singlet S are added to generate a light sterile neutrino. The light neutrino mass matrix for the active neutrinos, m ν , depends on the Dirac neutrino mass matrix (M D ), ...

Red rot resistant transgenic sugarcane developed through expression of β-1,3-glucanase gene

infrastructural support to carry out this research. Author Contributions Conceptualization: Jagdeep Singh Sandhu. Formal analysis: Shivani Nayyar, Bipen Kumar Sharma, Ajinder Kaur, Anu Kalia, Gulzar Singh ... Sanghera, Inderjit Singh Yadav. Funding acquisition: Jagdeep Singh Sandhu. Investigation: Shivani Nayyar, Bipen Kumar Sharma, Ajinder Kaur, Anu Kalia, Gulzar Singh Sanghera, Inderjit Singh Yadav

Health inequalities research in India: a review of trends and themes in the literature since the 1990s

Shivani Kachwaha 0 0 The Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies Geneva , Geneva , Switzerland 1 Johns Hopkins University , Baltimore , USA 2 Public Health Foundation of India , New

A pilot study to determine the feasibility of enhancing cognitive abilities in children with sensory processing dysfunction

Children with Sensory Processing Dysfunction (SPD) experience incoming information in atypical, distracting ways. Qualitative challenges with attention have been reported in these children, but such difficulties have not been quantified using either behavioral or functional neuroimaging methods. Furthermore, the efficacy of evidence-based cognitive control interventions aimed at ...

Spatiotemporal strategies that facilitate recruitment in a habitat specialist tree species

Our understanding of processes underlying plant recruitment emerges from species and habitats that are widely distributed at regional and global scales. However, the applicability of dispersal-recruitment models and the role of dispersal limitation versus microsite limitation have not been examined for specialized habitats. In patchy, freshwater Myristica swamp forests (Western ...

Cellulase production using natural medium and its application on enzymatic hydrolysis of thermo chemically pretreated biomass

Lignocellulosic bioethanol is an important renewable fuel for transportation purpose. Commercial production of lignocellulosic bioethanol mainly depends on cost of cellulase production, efficient pretreatment and enzymatic hydrolysis process. In the present study cellulase production from Aspergillus niger under submerged fermentation (SmF) was optimized using coconut water as ...

Comparison of multiple obesity indices for cardiovascular disease risk classification in South Asian adults: The CARRS Study

Background We comparatively assessed the performance of six simple obesity indices to identify adults with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in a diverse and contemporary South Asian population. Methods 8,892 participants aged 20–60 years in 2010–2011 were analyzed. Six obesity indices were examined: body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist-height ratio ...

Partial Dosage Compensation in Strepsiptera, a Sister Group of Beetles

Sex chromosomes have evolved independently in many different taxa, and so have mechanisms to compensate for expression differences on sex chromosomes in males and females. Different clades have evolved vastly different ways to achieve dosage compensation, including hypertranscription of the single X in male Drosophila, downregulation of both X’s in XX Caenorhabditis, or ...

South Asian individuals with diabetes who are referred for MODY testing in the UK have a lower mutation pick-up rate than white European people

Foundation Trust , Exeter , UK 1 Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism, Imperial College London, Ground Floor Medical School Building, St Mary's Campus, Norfolk Place , London W2 1PG , UK 2 Shivani Misra

Genetic Counselors’ Perspectives and Practices Regarding Expanded Carrier Screening after Initial Clinical Availability

Expanded carrier screening (ECS), introduced in 2009, identifies carriers for dozens or hundreds of recessive diseases. At the time of its introduction into clinical use, perspectives of the genetic counseling community regarding ECS were unknown. We conducted a survey in early 2012 of GCs and report the results here. They represent a snapshot of opinions and usage at that time, ...

Degradation of fipronil by Stenotrophomonas acidaminiphila isolated from rhizospheric soil of Zea mays

Badshahithaul, Hemwati Nandan Bahuguna Garhwal University , Srinagar Garhwal, Uttarakhand , India 2 & Shivani Uniyal 3 G. B. Pant Institute of Himalayan Environment and Development, Himachal Unit , Mohal-Kullu ... of Agriculture & Technology, Pantnagar and Inspire Fellowship to Shivani Uniyal from Department of Science and Technology, New Delhi are thankfully acknowledged. Compliance with ethical standards

Genetic diversity and population structure of Arabidopsis thaliana along an altitudinal gradient

The natural genetic variation within a plant species is primarily a consequence of its phylogeography and evolutionary history. This variation largely determines its present-day population structure. Arabidopsis thaliana, as a model plant, has been studied in great detail including its probable origin, local as well as global genetic diversity pattern, population structure, ...

Dynamic interplay between locus-specific DNA methylation and hydroxymethylation regulates distinct biological pathways in prostate carcinogenesis

Background Despite the significant global loss of DNA hydroxymethylation marks in prostate cancer tissues, the locus-specific role of hydroxymethylation in prostate tumorigenesis is unknown. We characterized hydroxymethylation and methylation marks by performing whole-genome next-generation sequencing in representative normal and prostate cancer-derived cell lines in order to ...

Released lipids regulate Transient Receptor Potential Channel (TRP)-dependent oral cancer pain

Background Pain in the head neck area is an early symptom in oral cancer, supporting the hypothesis that cancer cells control the activities of surrounding nociceptors at the site of the tumor. Several reports implicate TRPV1 and TRPA1 in cancer pain, although there is a large gap in knowledge since the mechanisms for tumor-induced activation of these TRP receptors are unknown. ...

Green’s function for certain domains in the Heisenberg group H n

We obtain an explicit smooth kernel which works as the Green’s function when applied to circular functions for annular and strip shaped domains in the Heisenberg group H n by using the Kelvin transform and its generalizations. MSC:22E30, 34B27.