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Robust Cross-Platform Workflows: How Technical and Scientific Communities Collaborate to Develop, Test and Share Best Practices for Data Analysis

Information integration and workflow technologies for data analysis have always been major fields of investigation in bioinformatics. A range of popular workflow suites are available to support analyses in computational biology. Commercial providers tend to offer prepared applications remote to their clients. However, for most academic environments with local expertise, novel...

Male-specific association between MT-ND4 11719 A/G polymorphism and ulcerative colitis: a mitochondria-wide genetic association study

Torsten Schröder Steffen Möller 1 Xinhua Yu David Ellinghaus Florian Bär Klaus Fellermann Hendrik Lehnert Stefan Schreiber Andre Franke Christian Sina Saleh M. Ibrahim 1 Inke R. König 0 0 Institute of

Quantitative Trait Locus Analysis Implicates CD4+/CD44high Memory T Cells in the Pathogenesis of Murine Autoimmune Pancreatitis

The mouse strain MRL/MpJ is prone to spontaneously develop autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP). To elucidate the genetic control towards the development of the phenotype and to characterize contributions of immunocompetent cell types, MRL/MpJ mice were interbred with three additional strains (BXD2/TYJ, NZM2410/J, CAST/EIJ) for four generations in an advanced intercross line. Cellular...

ptRNApred: computational identification and classification of post-transcriptional RNA

Non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) are known to play important functional roles in the cell. However, their identification and recognition in genomic sequences remains challenging. In silico methods, such as classification tools, offer a fast and reliable way for such screening and multiple classifiers have already been developed to predict well-defined subfamilies of RNA. So far, however...

Dissecting genetics of cutaneous miRNA in a mouse model of an autoimmune blistering disease

Background MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small endogenous non-coding RNAs that control genes at post-transcriptional level. They are essential for development and tissue differentiation, and such altered miRNA expression patterns are linked to the pathogenesis of inflammation and cancer. There is evidence that miRNA expression is genetically controlled similar to the transcription of...

A Family with Atypical Hailey Hailey Disease- Is There More to the Underlying Genetics than ATP2C1?

The autosomal dominant Hailey Hailey disease (HHD) is caused by mutations in the ATP2C1 gene encoding for human secretory pathway Ca2+/Mn2+ ATPase protein (hSPCA1) in the Golgi apparatus. Clinically, HHD presents with erosions and hyperkeratosis predominantly in the intertrigines. Here we report an exome next generation sequencing (NGS) based analysis of ATPase genes in a Greek...

Genetic Control of Spontaneous Arthritis in a Four-Way Advanced Intercross Line

Identifying the genetic basis of complex diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis, remains a challenge that requires experimental models to reduce the genetic and environmental variability. Numerous loci for arthritis have been identified in induced animal models; however, few spontaneous models have been genetically studied. Therefore, we generated a four-way advanced intercross...

Combining genetic mapping with genome-wide expression in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis highlights a gene network enriched for T cell functions and candidate genes regulating autoimmunity

The experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) is an autoimmune disease of the central nervous system commonly used to study multiple sclerosis (MS). We combined clinical EAE phenotypes with genome-wide expression profiling in spleens from 150 backcross rats between susceptible DA and resistant PVG rat strains during the chronic EAE phase. This enabled correlation of...

Integrating ARC grid middleware with Taverna workflows

Summary: This work presents two independent approaches for a seamless integration of computational grids with the bioinformatics workflow suite Taverna. These are supported by a unique relational database to link applications with grid resources and presents those as workflow elements. A web portal facilitates its collaborative maintenance. The first approach implements a gateway...

xQTL workbench: a scalable web environment for multi-level QTL analysis

Summary: xQTL workbench is a scalable web platform for the mapping of quantitative trait loci (QTLs) at multiple levels: for example gene expression (eQTL), protein abundance (pQTL), metabolite abundance (mQTL) and phenotype (phQTL) data. Popular QTL mapping methods for model organism and human populations are accessible via the web user interface. Large calculations scale easily...

Community-driven development for computational biology at Sprints, Hackathons and Codefests

Background Computational biology comprises a wide range of technologies and approaches. Multiple technologies can be combined to create more powerful workflows if the individuals contributing the data or providing tools for its interpretation can find mutual understanding and consensus. Much conversation and joint investigation are required in order to identify and implement the...

Bioinformatics tools and database resources for systems genetics analysis in mice—a short review and an evaluation of future needs

During a meeting of the SYSGENET working group ‘Bioinformatics’, currently available software tools and databases for systems genetics in mice were reviewed and the needs for future developments discussed. The group evaluated interoperability and performed initial feasibility studies. To aid future compatibility of software and exchange of already developed software modules, a...

Community-driven computational biology with Debian Linux

Background The Open Source movement and its technologies are popular in the bioinformatics community because they provide freely available tools and resources for research. In order to feed the steady demand for updates on software and associated data, a service infrastructure is required for sharing and providing these tools to heterogeneous computing environments. Results The...

Tools and data services registry: a community effort to document bioinformatics resources

Life sciences are yielding huge data sets that underpin scientific discoveries fundamental to improvement in human health, agriculture and the environment. In support of these discoveries, a plethora of databases and tools are deployed, in technically complex and diverse implementations, across a spectrum of scientific disciplines. The corpus of documentation of these resources...

SNPtoGO: characterizing SNPs by enriched GO terms

For the analysis of complex polygenic diseases, one does not expect all patients to share the same disease-associated alleles. Not even will disease-causing variations be assigned to the identical sets of genes between patients. However, one does expect overlaps in the sets of genes that are involved and even more so in their assigned molecular processes. Furthermore, the...

Non-linear conversion between genetic and physical chromosomal distances

Summary: A supervised nonlinear interpolation significantly improves the reliability of conversions from genetic distances to physical distances as compared with the linear ones. A webaccessible application was created that addresses this question with a graphical presentation that may be wrapped by local installations. Motivation: Genetic linkage maps and radiation hybrid (RH...

Prediction of the coupling specificity of G protein coupled receptors to their G proteins

G protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) are found in great numbers in most eukaryotic genomes. They are responsible for sensing a staggering variety of structurally diverse ligands, with their activation resulting in the initiation of a variety of cellular signalling cascades. The physiological response that is observed following receptor activation is governed by the guanine...

A collection of well characterised integral membrane proteins

Summary: A collection of transmembrane proteins with annotated transmembrane regions, for which good experimental evidence exist, was created as a test or training set for algorithms to predict transmembrane regions in proteins. Availability: ftp://ftp.ebi.ac.uk/databases/testsets/transmembrane Contact: moeller{at}ebi.ac.uk

In silico fine-mapping: narrowing disease-associated loci by intergenomics

Summary: Genetic linkage and association studies define quantitative trait loci (QTLs) and susceptibility loci (SLs) that influence the phenotype of polygenic traits. A web-accessible application was created to identify intergenomic consensuses to fine map QTLs and SLs in silico and select particularly promising candidate genes for such traits. Furthermore, this approach offers...

Evaluation of methods for the prediction of membrane spanning regions

Motivation: A variety of tools are available to predict the topology of transmembrane proteins. To date no independent evaluation of the performance of these tools has been published. A better understanding of the strengths and weaknesses of the different tools would guide both the biologist and the bioinformatician to make better predictions of membrane protein topology. Results...