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11 papers found.
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Effect of active vitamin D3 on VEGF-induced ADAM33 expression and proliferation in human airway smooth muscle cells: implications for asthma treatment

Background Asthma is a chronic respiratory disease characterized by reversible airway obstruction with persistent airway inflammation and airway remodeling, which is associated with increased airway smooth muscle (ASM) mass. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) has been implicated in inflammatory and airway blood vessel remodeling in asthma. Recent evidence indicates that a ...

Ionizing Radiation Induces Altered Neuronal Differentiation by mGluR1 through PI3K-STAT3 Signaling in C17.2 Mouse Neural Stem-Like Cells

Most studies of IR effects on neural cells and tissues in the brain are still focused on loss of neural stem cells. On the other hand, the effects of IR on neuronal differentiation and its implication in IR-induced brain damage are not well defined. To investigate the effects of IR on C17.2 mouse neural stem-like cells and mouse primary neural stem cells, neurite outgrowth and ...

Continuous Exposure to Low-Dose-Rate Gamma Irradiation Reduces Airway Inflammation in Ovalbumin-Induced Asthma

Although safe doses of radiation have been determined, concerns about the harmful effects of low-dose radiation persist. In particular, to date, few studies have investigated the correlation between low-dose radiation and disease development. Asthma is a common chronic inflammatory airway disease that is recognized as a major public health problem. In this study, we evaluated the ...

Coniferyl Aldehyde Attenuates Radiation Enteropathy by Inhibiting Cell Death and Promoting Endothelial Cell Function

Radiation enteropathy is a common complication in cancer patients. The aim of this study was to investigate whether radiation-induced intestinal injury could be alleviated by coniferyl aldehyde (CA), an HSF1-inducing agent that increases cellular HSP70 expression. We systemically administered CA to mice with radiation enteropathy following abdominal irradiation (IR) to demonstrate ...

Curved apparent motion induced by amodal completion

Sung-Ho Kim Jacob Feldman Manish Singh We investigated whether amodal completion can bias apparent motion (AM) to deviate from its default straight path toward a longer curved path, which would

Possible Role of the Glycogen Synthase Kinase-3 Signaling Pathway in Trimethyltin-Induced Hippocampal Neurodegeneration in Mice

Trimethyltin (TMT) is an organotin compound with potent neurotoxic effects characterized by neuronal destruction in selective regions, including the hippocampus. Glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) regulates many cellular processes, and is implicated in several neurodegenerative disorders. In this study, we evaluated the therapeutic effect of lithium, a selective GSK-3 inhibitor, on ...

Enhanced antitumor efficacy of cisplatin in combination with HemoHIM in tumor-bearing mice

Background Although cisplatin is one of the most effective chemotherapeutic agents, cisplatin alone does not achieve a satisfactory therapeutic outcome. Also cisplatin accumulation shows toxicity to normal tissues. In this study, we examined the possibility of HemoHIM both to enhance anticancer effect with cisplatin and to reduce the side effects of cisplatin in melanoma-bearing ...

Dialysis modality-dependent changes in serum metabolites: accumulation of inosine and hypoxanthine in patients on haemodialysis

Background. The body metabolism of patients with end-stage renal disease may be altered in response to long-term dialysis treatment. Moreover, the pattern of serum metabolites could change depending on the type of dialysis modality used. However, dialysis modality-dependent changes in serum metabolites are poorly understood. Our aim was to profile comprehensively serum metabolites ...

Transient Impairment of Hippocampus-dependent Learning and Memory in Relatively Low-Dose of Acute Radiation Syndrome is Associated with Inhibition of Hippocampal Neurogenesis

Joong-Sun KIM Hae-June LEE Jong Choon KIM Seong Soo KANG Chun-Sik BAE Taekyun SHIN Jae-Kwang JIN Sung Ho KIM Hongbing WANG Changjong MOON Hippocampus/Neurogenesis/Acute radiation syndrome/Cognitive

A Cytogenetic Study of Korean Native Goat Bred in the Nuclear Power Plant using the Micronucleus Assay

Chang Mo KANG Hae June LEE Young Hoon JI Tae Hwan KIM Si Yun RYU Se Ra KIM Sung Kee JO Jong Choon KIM Sung Ho KIM Micronuclei/Radiation/Goat/Nuclear power plant. Cytogenetic and hematological

Dependence of Malformation upon Gestational Age and Exposed Dose of Gamma Radiation

In order to evaluate the importance of gestational age and the dose-incidence relationship by gamma radiation, pregnant ICR mice at gestational days from 2.5 to 15.5 days post-coitus (p.c.) were exposed to a single dose of 2.0 Gy and also at day 11.5 after conception, which was the most sensitive stage for the induction of major congenital malformations. The animals were sacrificed ...