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The first record of albanerpetontid amphibians (Amphibia: Albanerpetontidae) from East Asia

their generous hospitality and support over many years. We also acknowledge the Willi Hennig Society for access to the phylogeny programme TNT. Author Contributions Conceptualization: Susan E. Evans ... . Investigation: Ryoko Matsumoto, Susan E. Evans. Methodology: Ryoko Matsumoto. Writing ± original draft: Susan E. Evans. Writing ± review & editing: Ryoko Matsumoto, Susan E. Evans. 3. Estes R, Hoffstetter R

The Development of the Skull of the Egyptian Cobra Naja h. haje (Squamata: Serpentes: Elapidae)

Background The study of craniofacial development is important in understanding the ontogenetic processes behind morphological diversity. A complete morphological description of the embryonic skull development of the Egyptian cobra, Naja h. haje, is lacking and there has been little comparative discussion of skull development either among elapid snakes or between them and other...

New Material of Beelzebufo, a Hyperossified Frog (Amphibia: Anura) from the Late Cretaceous of Madagascar

The extant anuran fauna of Madagascar is exceptionally rich and almost completely endemic. In recent years, many new species have been described and understanding of the history and relationships of this fauna has been greatly advanced by molecular studies, but very little is known of the fossil history of frogs on the island. Beelzebufo ampinga, the first named pre-Holocene frog...

A Re-Interpretation of the Eocene Anuran Thaumastosaurus Based on MicroCT Examination of a ‘Mummified’ Specimen

What originally appeared to be only an external cast of an anuran ‘mummy’ from the Quercy Phosphorites (southwestern France) was described as Rana plicata during the 19th century. Its geographical provenance is only vaguely known; therefore its precise age within the Paleogene was uncertain. The taxon was erected on the basis of the external morphology of the specimen, which...

Integration of molecules and new fossils supports a Triassic origin for Lepidosauria (lizards, snakes, and tuatara)

Hipsley 6 Johannes Mller 4 6 Susan E Evans 1 2 Rainer R Schoch 5 0 School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, The University of Adelaide , North Terrace, Adelaide, South Australia 5005 , Australia 1

The importance of accurate muscle modelling for biomechanical analyses: a case study with a lizard skull

Flora Grning Marc E. H. Jones Neil Curtis Anthony Herrel Paul O'Higgins Susan E. Evans Michael J. Fagan Receive free email alerts when new articles cite this article - sign up in the box at the top

Functional Relationship between Skull Form and Feeding Mechanics in Sphenodon, and Implications for Diapsid Skull Development

The vertebrate skull evolved to protect the brain and sense organs, but with the appearance of jaws and associated forces there was a remarkable structural diversification. This suggests that the evolution of skull form may be linked to these forces, but an important area of debate is whether bone in the skull is minimised with respect to these forces, or whether skulls are...

The Head and Neck Anatomy of Sea Turtles (Cryptodira: Chelonioidea) and Skull Shape in Testudines

Background Sea turtles (Chelonoidea) are a charismatic group of marine reptiles that occupy a range of important ecological roles. However, the diversity and evolution of their feeding anatomy remain incompletely known. Methodology/Principal Findings Using computed tomography and classical comparative anatomy we describe the cranial anatomy in two sea turtles, the loggerhead...

The evolution of the lepidosaurian lower temporal bar: new perspectives from the Late Cretaceous of South China

Jin-You Mo Xing Xu Susan E. Evans Articles on similar topics can be found in the following collections Receive free email alerts when new articles cite this article - sign up in the box at the top

Predicting muscle activation patterns from motion and anatomy: modelling the skull of Sphenodon (Diapsida: Rhynchocephalia)

Neil Curtis () Marc E. H. Jones Susan E. Evans JunFen Shi Paul O'Higgins Michael J. Fagan 0 The Hull York Medical School, University of York , York YO10 5DD, UK 1 Research Department of Cell and

A sphenodontine (Rhynchocephalia) from the Miocene of New Zealand and palaeobiogeography of the tuatara (Sphenodon)

Jaws and dentition closely resembling those of the extant tuatara (Sphenodon) are described from the Manuherikia Group (Early Miocene; 19–16 million years ago, Mya) of Central Otago, New Zealand. This material is significant in bridging a gap of nearly 70 million years in the rhynchocephalian fossil record between the Late Pleistocene of New Zealand and the Late Cretaceous of...

A new stem turtle from the Middle Jurassic of Scotland: new insights into the evolution and palaeoecology of basal turtles

Jrmy Anquetin Paul M Barrett Marc E.H Jones Scott Moore-Fay Susan E Evans 0 Research Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, UCL University College London , Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT , UK 1

Assessment of the role of sutures in a lizard skull: a computer modelling study

Sutures form an integral part of the functioning skull, but their role has long been debated among vertebrate morphologists and palaeontologists. Furthermore, the relationship between typical skull sutures, and those involved in cranial kinesis, is poorly understood. In a series of computational modelling studies, complex loading conditions obtained through multibody dynamics...