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52 papers found.
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Slow fetal growth between first and early second trimester ultrasound scans and risk of small for gestational age (SGA) birth

Stephansson, Gunnar Petersson, Sven Cnattingius, Anna-Karin WikstroÈm. 8 / 11 Data curation: Marija Simic, Gunnar Petersson. Formal analysis: Marija Simic, Gunnar Petersson, Anna-Karin WikstroÈm. Funding ... acquisition: Olof Stephansson, Anna-Karin WikstroÈm. Investigation: Marija Simic, Olof Stephansson, Sven Cnattingius, Anna-Karin WikstroÈm. Methodology: Marija Simic, Gunnar Petersson, Sven Cnattingius

Surge of immune cell formation at birth differs by mode of delivery and infant characteristics—A population-based cohort study

Johansson, Olof Stephansson, Sven Cnattingius. Funding acquisition: Mikael Norman. Investigation: Titus Schlinzig, Stefan Johansson, Rolf H. ZetterstroÈm, Mikael Norman. Methodology: Titus Schlinzig, Stefan ... Johansson, Olof Stephansson, Lennart HammarstroÈm, Rolf H. ZetterstroÈm, Ulrika von DoÈbeln, Sven Cnattingius, Mikael Norman. Project administration: Titus Schlinzig, Stefan Johansson, Mikael Norman

Risks of asphyxia-related neonatal complications in offspring of mothers with type 1 or type 2 diabetes: the impact of maternal overweight and obesity

Aims/hypothesis We aimed to compare the risks of severe asphyxia-related neonatal complications in the offspring of mothers with type 1 or type 2 diabetes, and to assess the impact of maternal overweight/obesity on these risks. Methods This was a population-based study of 1,343,751 live-born singleton infants in Sweden between 1997 and 2011, including 5941 and 711 infants of ...

Maternal overweight and obesity and risk of pre-eclampsia in women with type 1 diabetes or type 2 diabetes

Aims/hypothesis Women with type 1 or type 2 diabetes are at increased risk of pre-eclampsia. Overweight and obesity are associated with an increased risk of pre-eclampsia in women without diabetes. The aim of the study was to investigate the impact of maternal overweight and obesity on the risk of pre-eclampsia in women with type 1 diabetes or type 2 diabetes. Methods In a ...

High Maternal Body Mass Index in Early Pregnancy and Risks of Stillbirth and Infant Mortality—A Population-Based Sibling Study in Sweden

, Solna , Karolinska Institutet , Stockholm, Sweden (Anna Lindam, Stefan Johansson, Olof Stephansson , Anna-Karin Wikström, Sven Cnattingius); Department of Clinical Science and Education , Södersjukhuset

Maternal haemoglobin concentrations before and during pregnancy and stillbirth risk: a population-based case-control study

Background Results of previous studies on the association between maternal haemoglobin concentration during pregnancy and stillbirth risk are inconclusive. It is not clear if haemoglobin concentration before pregnancy has a role. Using prospectively collected information from pre-pregnancy and antenatal visits, we investigated associations of maternal haemoglobin concentrations ...

Prenatal and early life stress and risk of eating disorders in adolescent girls and young women

Medicine. Compliance with ethical standards Conflict of interest On behalf of Hong Liang, Wei Yuan, Jørn Olsen, Sven Cnattingius, Jiong Li, XiuJuan Su states that there is no conflict of interest. Open

Mortality in Children Aged 0-9 Years: A Nationwide Cohort Study from Three Nordic Countries

Background Mortality in children under five years has been widely studied, whereas mortality at 5–9 years has received little attention. Using unique data from national registers in three Nordic countries, we aimed to characterize mortality directionality in children aged 0 to 9 years. Methods and Findings The cohort study included all children born in Denmark from 1973 to 2008 (n ...

Does Use of Low-Molecular-Weight Heparin during Pregnancy Influence the Risk of Prolonged Labor: A Population-Based Cohort Study

) of 0.92 (95% CI 0.81–1.05, p-value: 0.051) for provided by the Stockholm County Council (ALF project 20130156, Olof Stephansson and Sven Cnattingius) (https://forskningsstod.vmi.se/Ansokan/ start.asp

Birth position and obstetric anal sphincter injury: a population-based study of 113 000 spontaneous births

Background The association between birth position and obstetric anal sphincter injury (OASIS) in spontaneous vaginal deliveries is unclear. Methods The study was based on the Stockholm-Gotland Obstetric Database (Sweden) from Jan 1 st 2008 to Oct 22 nd 2014 and included 113 279 singleton spontaneous vaginal births with no episiotomy. We studied risk of OASIS with respect to the ...

Prenatal maternal bereavement and risk of eating disorders in infants and toddlers: a population-based cohort study

Sven Cnattingius Krisztina D. László Jiong Li 0 0 Section for Epidemiology, Department of Public Health, Aarhus University , Aarhus 8000 , Denmark 1 Department of Women's and Children's Health Care

Placental abruption and long-term maternal cardiovascular disease mortality: a population-based registry study in Norway and Sweden

Women with preeclamptic pregnancies have increased long-term cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality. We explored this mortality risk among women with placental abruption, another placental pathology. We used linked Medical Birth Registry and Death Registry data to study CVD mortality among over two million women with a first singleton birth between 1967 and 2002 in Norway and 1973 ...

Obstetric Outcomes of Mothers Previously Exposed to Sexual Violence

Background There is a scarcity of data on the association of sexual violence and women's subsequent obstetric outcomes. Our aim was to investigate whether women exposed to sexual violence as teenagers (12–19 years of age) or adults present with different obstetric outcomes than women with no record of such violence. Methods We linked detailed prospectively collected information on ...

Correction: Prenatal Exposure to Maternal Bereavement and Childbirths in the Offspring: A Population-Based Cohort Study

Cnattingius Jiong Li OPEN ACCESS - We recently published a study on the effect of prenatal stress exposure and the offspring probability of having children [1]. We found no overall effect of prenatal

Maternal Overweight and Obesity and Risks of Severe Birth-Asphyxia-Related Complications in Term Infants: A Population-Based Cohort Study in Sweden

Martina Persson and colleagues use a Swedish national database to investigate the association between maternal body mass index in early pregnancy and severe asphyxia-related outcomes in infants delivered at term. Please see later in the article for the Editors' Summary

Pregnancy-Induced Hypertensive Disorders before and after a National Economic Collapse: A Population Based Cohort Study

Background Data on the potential influence of macroeconomic recessions on maternal diseases during pregnancy are scarce. We aimed to assess potential change in prevalence of pregnancy-induced hypertensive disorders (preeclampsia and gestational hypertension) during the first years of the major national economic recession in Iceland, which started abruptly in October 2008. Methods ...

Prenatal Exposure to Maternal Bereavement and Childbirths in the Offspring: A Population-Based Cohort Study

Introduction The decline in birth rates is a concern in public health. Fertility is partly determined before birth by the intrauterine environment and prenatal exposure to maternal stress could, through hormonal disturbance, play a role. There has been such evidence from animal studies but not from humans. We aimed to examine the association between prenatal stress due to maternal ...

Mortality after Parental Death in Childhood: A Nationwide Cohort Study from Three Nordic Countries

Jiong Li and colleagues examine mortality rates in children who lost a parent before 18 years old compared with those who did not using population-based data from Denmark, Sweden, and Finland. Please see later in the article for the Editors' Summary

Rydell et al. Respond to “Parental Smoking and Adult Tobacco Use

Clinical Epidemiology, Karolinska Insti- tutet, Stockholm, Sweden (Sven Cnattingius, Fredrik Granath). Conflict of interest: none declared - We wish to express our appreciation for the extensive and