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The Contribution of Individual Exercise Training Components to Clinical Outcomes in Randomised Controlled Trials of Cardiac Rehabilitation: A Systematic Review and Meta-regression

Meta-regression Bridget Abell 0 Paul Glasziou 0 Tammy Hoffmann 0 0 Centre for Research in Evidence-Based Practice, Faculty of Health Sciences and Medicine, Bond University , Gold Coast, Queensland 4229 ... Abell, Paul Glasziou and Tammy Hoffmann declare no financial relationships or conflicts of interest which may have influenced the results of this research. Publisher’s Note Springer Nature remains

A guide to performing a peer review of randomised controlled trials

Peer review of journal articles is an important step in the research process. Editors rely on the expertise of peer reviewers to properly assess submissions. Yet, peer review quality varies widely and few receive training or guidance in how to approach the task. This paper describes some of the main steps that peer reviewers in general and, in particular, those performing reviewes ...

Educational interventions to improve people’s understanding of key concepts in assessing the effects of health interventions: a systematic review protocol

Background Health information has become readily accessible through mass media, and people are playing a more active and autonomous role in their health. Much of the health information that was previously only available to health professionals is now directly accessible to the public. Consequently, people often navigate vast amounts of health information on their own, typically ...

A comparison of the performance of seven key bibliographic databases in identifying all relevant systematic reviews of interventions for hypertension

Background Bibliographic databases are the primary resource for identifying systematic reviews of health care interventions. Reliable retrieval of systematic reviews depends on the scope of indexing used by database providers. Therefore, searching one database may be insufficient, but it is unclear how many need to be searched. We sought to evaluate the performance of seven major ...

Telehealth methods to deliver multifactorial dietary interventions in adults with chronic disease: a systematic review protocol

Background The long-term management of chronic diseases requires adoption of complex dietary recommendations, which can be facilitated by regular coaching to support sustained behaviour change. Telehealth interventions can overcome patient-centred barriers to accessing face-to-face programs and provide feasible delivery methods, ubiquitous and accessible regardless of geographic ...

Faster title and abstract screening? Evaluating Abstrackr, a semi-automated online screening program for systematic reviewers

Background Citation screening is time consuming and inefficient. We sought to evaluate the performance of Abstrackr, a semi-automated online tool for predictive title and abstract screening. Methods Four systematic reviews (aHUS, dietary fibre, ECHO, rituximab) were used to evaluate Abstrackr. Citations from electronic searches of biomedical databases were imported into Abstrackr, ...

Parents’ beliefs and knowledge about the management of acute otitis media: a qualitative study

Background Acute otitis media is a common reason for antibiotic prescribing, despite strong evidence that antibiotics provide minimal benefit. Studies have demonstrated that patients’ (or parents’) expectations of antibiotics often influence general practitioners’ (GPs) decision to prescribe antibiotics, but few have explored parents’ expectations of the management of infections in ...

Reducing the psychosocial impact of aphasia on mood and quality of life in people with aphasia and the impact of caregiving in family members through the Aphasia Action Success Knowledge (Aphasia ASK) program: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Background People with aphasia and their family members are at high risk of experiencing post stroke depression. The impact of early interventions on mood and quality of life for people with aphasia is unknown. Methods/design This study will determine whether an early intervention for both the person with aphasia after stroke and their family members leads to better mood and ...

Better duplicate detection for systematic reviewers: evaluation of Systematic Review Assistant-Deduplication Module

Background A major problem arising from searching across bibliographic databases is the retrieval of duplicate citations. Removing such duplicates is an essential task to ensure systematic reviewers do not waste time screening the same citation multiple times. Although reference management software use algorithms to remove duplicate records, this is only partially successful and ...

Reporting of interventions in randomised trials: an audit of journal Instructions to Authors

Background A complete description of the intervention in a published trial report is necessary for readers to be able to use the intervention, yet the completeness of intervention descriptions in trials is very poor. Low awareness of the issue by authors, reviewers, and editors is part of the cause and providing specific instructions about intervention reporting to authors and ...

Cost effectiveness of patient education for the prevention of falls in hospital: economic evaluation from a randomized controlled trial

8 Sandra G Brauer 7 Tammy Hoffmann 6 7 Christopher Etherton-Beer 5 Steven M McPhail 0 1 0 Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation and School of Public Health and Social Work, Queensland

Evaluation of the effect of patient education on rates of falls in older hospital patients: Description of a randomised controlled trial

Background Accidental falls by older patients in hospital are one of the most commonly reported adverse events. Falls after discharge are also common. These falls have enormous physical, psychological and social consequences for older patients, including serious physical injury and reduced quality of life, and are also a source of substantial cost to health systems worldwide. There ...