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Petroleum degradation by Pseudomonas sp. ZS1 is impeded in the presence of antagonist Alcaligenes sp. CT10

Enhanced bioremediation is a favorable approach for petroleum pollutant cleanup, which depends on the growth of oil-eating microorganisms. In this study, we show that, by using the modified T-RFLP (mT-RFLP) methodology, one of the four major microbial populations derived from oil sludge has failed to propagate in MS medium supplemented with 2% yeast extract (YE). rDNA sequence...

Neural precursor cells form integrated brain-like tissue when implanted into rat cerebrospinal fluid

Research journals • PubMed • Google Scholar Search for Kathryn Sharer in:Nature Research journals • PubMed • Google Scholar Search for Jung-Hwa Tao-Cheng in:Nature Research journals • PubMed • Google

Flood Risk Zoning by Using 2D Hydrodynamic Modeling: A Case Study in Jinan City

to Zongxue Xu; moc.anis.piv@uxeuxgnoz Received 30 June 2017; Accepted 6 September 2017; Published 12 October 2017 Academic Editor: Jian G. Zhou Copyright © 2017 Tao Cheng et al. This is an open

A novel synaptic junction preparation for the identification and characterization of cleft proteins

previously described in Tao-Cheng et al (15). Hippocampi from 20- to 21-day embryonic Sprague-Dawley rats were dissociated and grew on glial cells for 3 weeks as previously described [ 15 ]. Cells were fixed ... in Tao-Cheng et al [ 15 ]. Results SPM fractions were incubated with phospholipase A2, and the samples were then layered on a sucrose cushion and centrifuged to separate lighter membranes from the

A novel rhamnolipid-producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa ZS1 isolate derived from petroleum sludge suitable for bioremediation

Petroleum pollutants emulsified by biosurfactants facilitate uptake and biodegradation by environmental microbes. In this report, we show the characterization of an indigenous surfactant-producing crude-oil-eating microbe isolated from petroleum-sludge in Zhoushan islands, China, where one of the national strategic petroleum reservoirs is located. We examined biosurfactant...

Managing Information Uncertainty in Wave Height Modeling for the Offshore Structural Analysis through Random Set

This chapter presents a reliability study for an offshore jacket structure with emphasis on the features of nonconventional modeling. Firstly, a random set model is formulated for modeling the random waves in an ocean site. Then, a jacket structure is investigated in a pushover analysis to identify the critical wave direction and key structural elements. This is based on the...

Improving the Robustness and Accuracy of Crime Prediction with the Self-Exciting Point Process Through Isotropic Triggering

The self-exciting point process (SEPP) is a model of the spread of crime in space and time, incorporating background and triggering processes. It shows promising predictive performance and forms the basis of a popular commercial software package, however few detailed case studies describing the application of the SEPP to crime data exist in the scientific literature. Using open...

Interleukin-34 inhibits hepatitis B virus replication in vitro and in vivo

Background The hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection could activate the immune system and induce extensive inflammatory response. As the most important inflammatory factor, interleukins are critical for anti-viral immunity. Here we investigated whether interleukin-34 (IL-34) play a role in HBV infection. Methodology/Principal findings In this study, we first found that both serum IL...

Digitalization of a non-irradiated acute myeloid leukemia model

Background Computer-aided, interdisciplinary researches for biomedicine have valuable prospects, as digitalization of experimental subjects provide opportunities for saving the economic costs of researches, as well as promoting the acquisition of knowledge. Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is intensively studied over long periods of time. Till nowaday, most of the studies primarily...

A functionalized surface modification with vanadium nanoparticles of various valences against implant-associated bloodstream infection

A functionalized surface modification with vanadium nanoparticles of various valences against implant-associated bloodstream infection Jiaxing Wang,1,* Huaijuan Zhou,2,* Geyong Guo,1 Tao Cheng,1

Influence of Climate Change in Reliability Analysis of High Rise Building

The safety of designed urban structures is highly depending on the respond of structures to different types and magnitude of environmental loads. The safety assessment of an existing building needs to have a full consideration of all the environmental factors. Therefore, the engineers must realize the importance of the environment and take care of all the assumptions and...

Predictive Crime Mapping: Arbitrary Grids or Street Networks?

ObjectivesDecades of empirical research demonstrate that crime is concentrated at a range of spatial scales, including street segments. Further, the degree of clustering at particular geographic units remains noticeably stable and consistent; a finding that Weisburd (Criminology 53:133–157, 2015) has recently termed the ‘law of crime concentration at places’. Such findings...

Enzymatic process optimization for the in vitro production of isoprene from mevalonate

Background As an important bulk chemical for synthetic rubber, isoprene can be biosynthesized by robust microbes. But rational engineering and optimization are often demanded to make the in vivo process feasible due to the complexities of cellular metabolism. Alternative synthetic biochemistry strategies are in fast development to produce isoprene or isoprenoids in vitro. Results...

Zinc Stabilizes Shank3 at the Postsynaptic Density of Hippocampal Synapses

: 10.1038/nature16971 7. Tao-Cheng JH , Dosemeci A , Gallant PE , Smith C , Reese T . Activity induced changes in the distribution of Shanks at hippocampal synapses . Neuroscience . 2010 ; 168 : 11 - 17 . doi ... : 10 .1016/j.neuroscience. 2010 . 03 .041 PMID: 20347015 8. Tao-Cheng JH , Yang Y , Bayer KU , Reese TS , Dosemeci A . NMDA-induced accumulation of Shank at the postsynaptic intensity is mediated by

Predictive Value of Stemness Factor Sox2 in Gastric Cancer Is Associated with Tumor Location and Stage

Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are thought to be the "root" of cancer. Although stemness-related factors ALDH1A1 and Sox2 have been used as markers to identify gastric CSCs, the expression pattern and significance of these factors in gastric cancer have not been sufficiently demonstrated. In this study, the expressions of ALDH1A1 and Sox2 were detected by immunohistochemistry in 122...

Metabolic engineering of Escherichia coli for the production of hydroxy fatty acids from glucose

Background Hydroxy fatty acids (HFAs) are valuable chemicals for a broad variety of applications. However, commercial production of HFAs has not been established so far due to the lack of low cost routes for their synthesis. Although the microbial transformation pathway of HFAs was extensively studied decades ago, these attempts mainly focused on converting fatty acids or...

Modifiable Temporal Unit Problem (MTUP) and Its Effect on Space-Time Cluster Detection

Background When analytical techniques are used to understand and analyse geographical events, adjustments to the datasets (e.g. aggregation, zoning, segmentation etc.) in both the spatial and temporal dimensions are often carried out for various reasons. The ‘Modifiable Areal Unit Problem’ (MAUP), which is a consequence of adjustments in the spatial dimension, has been widely...