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Search: authors:"Teresa Esposito"

15 papers found.
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A novel RLBP1 gene geographical area-related mutation present in a young patient with retinitis punctata albescens

Autosomal recessive forms of retinitis punctata albescens (RPA) have been described. RPA is characterized by progressive retinal degeneration due to alteration in visual cycle and consequent deposit of photopigments in retinal pigment epithelium. Five loci have been linked to RPA onset. Among these, the retinaldehyde-binding protein 1 gene, RLBP1, is the most frequently involved ...

Fish odor syndrome (trimethylaminuria) supporting the possible FMO3 down expression in childhood: a case report

Introduction Trimethylaminuria is a rare inherited disorder due to decreased metabolism of dietary-derived trimethylamine by flavin-containing monooxygenase 3. Several single nucleotide polymorphisms of the flavin-containing monooxygenase 3 gene have been described and result in an enzyme with decreased or abolished functional activity for trimethylamine N-oxygenation thus leading ...

Imerslund-Gräsbeck syndrome in a 25-month-old Italian girl caused by a homozygous mutation in AMN

Imerslund-Gräsbeck syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder, characterized by vitamin B12 deficiency due to selective malabsorption of the vitamin and usually results in megaloblastic anemia appearing in childhood. It is responsive to parenteral vitamin B12 therapy.The estimated prevalence (calculated based on Scandinavian data) is less than 6:1,000,000. However, many cases ...

piR_015520 Belongs to Piwi-Associated RNAs Regulates Expression of the Human Melatonin Receptor 1A Gene

Piwi-associated RNAs (piRNAs) are a distinct class of 24- to 30-nucleotide-long RNAs produced by a Dicer-independent mechanism, and are associated with Piwi-class Argonaute proteins. In contrast to the several hundred species of microRNAs (miRNAs) identified thus far, piRNAs consist of more than 30,000 different species in humans. Studies in flies, fish and mice implicate these ...

Distinct disease phenotypes linked to different combinations of GAA mutations in a large late-onset GSDII sibship

Background Glycogenosis type II (GSDII or Pompe disease) is an autosomal recessive disease, often characterized by a progressive accumulation of glycogen within lysosomes caused by a deficiency of α-1,4-glucosidase (GAA; acid maltase), a key enzyme of the glycogen degradation pathway. To date, more than 326 different mutations in the GAA gene have been identified in patients with ...

Digenic mutational inheritance of the integrin alpha 7 and the myosin heavy chain 7B genes causes congenital myopathy with left ventricular non-compact cardiomyopathy

Background We report an Italian family in which the proband showed a severe phenotype characterized by the association of congenital fiber type disproportion (CFTD) with a left ventricular non-compaction cardiomyopathy (LVNC). This study was focused on the identification of the responsible gene/s. Methods and results Using the whole-exome sequencing approach, we identified the ...

Unique X-linked familial FSGS with co-segregating heart block disorder is associated with a mutation in the NXF5 gene

Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) is the consequence of a disease process that attacks the kidney's filtering system, causing serious scarring. More than half of FSGS patients develop chronic kidney failure within 10 years, ultimately requiring dialysis or renal transplantation. There are currently several genes known to cause the hereditary forms of FSGS (ACTN4, TRPC6, ...

The melatonin receptor 1A (MTNR1A) gene is associated with recurrent and idiopathic calcium nephrolithiasis

Background. Experimental evidence indicate that melatonin regulates some renal tubular functions via specific melatonin receptors (MTNRs) located in the kidney of several avian and mammalian species, including humans. We hypothesized that single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the melatonin receptor 1A gene (MTNR1A) might influence the risk of calcium nephrolithiasis.

Common variants in the regulative regions of GRIA1 and GRIA3 receptor genes are associated with migraine susceptibility

Background Glutamate is the principal excitatory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system which acts by the activation of either ionotropic (AMPA, NMDA and kainate receptors) or G-protein coupled metabotropic receptors. Glutamate is widely accepted to play a major role in the path physiology of migraine as implicated by data from animal and human studies. Genes involved in ...

Investigation of Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) A receptors genes and migraine susceptibility

Background Migraine is a neurological disorder characterized by recurrent attacks of severe headache, affecting around 12% of Caucasian populations. It is well known that migraine has a strong genetic component, although the number and type of genes involved is still unclear. Prior linkage studies have reported mapping of a migraine gene to chromosome Xq 24–28, a region containing ...

A Novel Pseudoautosomal Human Gene Encodes A Putative Protein Similar to Ac-like Transposases

We report the cloning of a novel gene, called Tramp, in the Xp/Yp PAR region that has a functional homologue on the Y chromosome and escapes X-inactivation. This gene encodes, within a single exon, a putative protein that has amino acid similarity with transposases of the Ac family. Flanking this gene we have identified putative terminal inverted repeats (TIRs) and a duplicate ...

Multiple pathogenic and benign genomic rearrangements occur at a 35 kb duplication involving the NEMO and LAGE2 genes

The X-linked dominant and male-lethal disorder incontinentia pigmenti (IP) is caused by mutations in a gene called NEMO (IKK-γ). We recently reported the structure of NEMO and demonstrated that most IP patients carry an identical deletion that arises due to misalignment between repeats. Affected male abortuses with the IP deletion had provided clues that a second, incomplete copy ...

A recurrent deletion in the ubiquitously expressed NEMO (IKK-γ) gene accounts for the vast majority of incontinentia pigmenti mutations

Incontinentia pigmenti (IP) is an X-linked dominant disorder characterized by abnormal skin pigmentation, retinal detachment, anodontia, alopecia, nail dystrophy and central nervous system defects. This disorder segregates as a male lethal disorder and causes skewed X-inactivation in female patients. IP is caused by mutations in a gene called NEMO, which encodes a regulatory ...

A Novel Pseudoautosomal Gene Encoding a Putative GTP-Binding Protein Resides in the Vicinity of the Xp/Yp Telomere

We report the cloning of a novel Xp/Yp pseudoautosomal gene called PGPL, and demonstrate that PGPL, like other pseudoautosomal genes, escapes X inactivation and has a functional homologue on the Y chromosome. This gene is expressed in all the tissues examined and is highly conserved across several species. The PGPL gene encodes a protein of 442 amino acids and shows the consensus ...

Differentially regulated and evolved genes in the fully sequenced Xq/Yq pseudoautosomal region

Human sex chromosomes, which are morphologically and genetically different, share few regions of homology. Among them, only pseudoautosomal regions (PARs) pair and recombine during meiosis. To better address the complex biology of these regions, we sequenced the telomeric 400 kb of the long arm of the human X chromosome, including 330 kb of the human Xq/YqPAR and the telomere. ...