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Comparing the self-perceived quality of life of multimorbid patients and the general population using the EQ-5D-3L

success of the national study on Multimorbidity in Family Medicine. Author Contributions Conceptualization: Alexandra A. N'Goran, Anouk DeÂruaz-Luyet, Dagmar M. Haller, Andreas Zeller, Thomas Rosemann ... Rosemann, Sven Streit, Lilli Herzig. Writing ± original draft: Alexandra A. N'Goran. Writing ± review & editing: Alexandra A. N'Goran, Anouk DeÂruaz-Luyet, Dagmar M. Haller, Andreas Zeller, Thomas Rosemann

Referral determinants in Swiss primary care with a special focus on managed care

Contributions Conceptualization: Ryan Tandjung, Andreas Haefeli, Thomas Rosemann, Oliver Senn. Data curation: Seraina Morell, Andreas Hanhart, Fabio Valeri. Formal analysis: Andreas Hanhart, Fabio Valeri ... . Funding acquisition: Ryan Tandjung, Thomas Rosemann, Oliver Senn. Investigation: Ryan Tandjung. Methodology: Ryan Tandjung, Andreas Hanhart, Andreas Haefeli, Thomas Rosemann, Oliver Senn. Project

How to Fairly Allocate Scarce Medical Resources: Ethical Argumentation under Scrutiny by Health Professionals and Lay People

Background Societies are facing medical resource scarcities, inter alia due to increased life expectancy and limited health budgets and also due to temporal or continuous physical shortages of resources like donor organs. This makes it challenging to meet the medical needs of all. Ethicists provide normative guidance for how to fairly allocate scarce medical resources, but ...

Ice swimming and changes in body core temperature: a case study

Introduction ‘Ice Mile’ swimming is a new discipline in open-water swimming introduced in 2009. This case study investigated changes in body core temperature during preparation for and completion of two official ‘Ice Miles’, defined as swimming 1.609 km in water of 5°C or colder, in one swimmer. Case description One experienced ice swimmer (56 years old, 110.2 kg body mass, 1.76 m ...

Women cross the ‘Catalina Channel’ faster than men

Open-water ultra-distance swimming has a long history where the ‘English Channel’ (~33 km) was crossed in 1875 for the first time. Nowadays, the three most challenging open-water swims worldwide are the 21-miles (34 km) ‘English Channel Swim’, the 20.1-miles (32.2 km) ‘Catalina Channel Swim’ and the 28.5-miles (45.9 km) ‘Manhattan Island Marathon Swim’, also called the ‘Triple ...

Do women reduce the gap to men in ultra-marathon running?

The aim of the present study was to examine sex differences across years in performance of runners in ultra-marathons lasting from 6 h to 10 days (i.e. 6, 12, 24, 48, 72, 144, and 240 h). Data of 32,187 finishers competing between 1975 and 2013 with 93,109 finishes were analysed using multiple linear regression analyses. With increasing age, the sex gap for all race durations ...

Increased participation and improved performance in age group backstroke master swimmers from 25–29 to 100–104 years at the FINA World Masters Championships from 1986 to 2014

Participation and performance trends in age group athletes have been investigated for different sport disciplines, but not for master swimmers. The knowledge on this topic is still missing for a particular stroke such as backstroke. Changes in participation and performance of male and female age group backstroke swimmers (≥25 years) competing in 50, 100 and 200 m pool swimming at ...

Pacing in a self-paced world record attempt in 24-h road cycling

Background Pacing strategy plays a major role in sport performance. However, there is a dearth of knowledge concerning pacing during ultra-endurance sport events. The present case study investigated the pacing of an ultra-cyclist in a self-paced attempt to break the world record in 24-h road cycling and, with all the caveats and the limitations affecting a case report, could be ...

Increase in participation but decrease in performance in age group mountain marathoners in the ‘Jungfrau Marathon’: a Swiss phenomenon?

Participation and performance trends for age group marathoners have been investigated for large city marathons such as the ‘New York City Marathon’ but not for mountain marathons. This study investigated participation and trends in performance and sex difference in the mountain marathon ‘Jungfrau Marathon’ held in Switzerland from 2000 to 2014 using single and mixed effects ...

Participation and performance trends in elderly marathoners in four of the world’s largest marathons during 2004–2011

Performance and age of elite marathoners is well known. Participation and performance trends of elderly marathoners (75 years and older) are not well investigated. This study investigated participation and performance trends in elderly marathoners older than 75 years competing during 2004–2011 in four races (Berlin, New York, Chicago and Boston) of the ‘World Marathon Majors’ using ...

Effect of a patient-centered drug review on polypharmacy in primary care patients: study protocol for a cluster-randomized controlled trial

Thomas Rosemann 1 Stefan Neuner-Jehle 1 0 Institute of Primary Care, UniversitätsSpital Zürich , Pestalozzistrasse 24, CH-8091 Zürich , Switzerland 1 Institute of Primary Care, University of Zurich

Male and female Ethiopian and Kenyan runners are the fastest and the youngest in both half and full marathon

In major marathon races such as the ‘World Marathon Majors’, female and male East African runners particularly from Ethiopia and Kenya are the fastest. However, whether this trend appears for female and male Ethiopians and Kenyans at recreational level runners (i.e. races at national level) and in shorter road races (e.g. in half-marathon races) has not been studied yet. Thus, the ...

The impact of physician–nurse task shifting in primary care on the course of disease: a systematic review

Tandjung 0 Sima Djalali 0 Thomas Rosemann 0 0 Institute of Primary Care, University of Zurich, University Hospital of Zurich , Pestalozzistrasse 24, CH-8091 Zurich , Switzerland Background: Physician-nurse

Half-marathoners are younger and slower than marathoners

Age and performance trends of elite and recreational marathoners are well investigated, but not for half-marathoners. We analysed age and performance trends in 508,108 age group runners (125,894 female and 328,430 male half-marathoners and 10,205 female and 43,489 male marathoners) competing between 1999 and 2014 in all flat half-marathons and marathons held in Switzerland using ...

The aspect of experience in ultra-triathlon races

Previous experience seems to be an important predictor for endurance and ultra-endurance performance. The present study investigated whether the number of previously completed races and/or the personal best times in shorter races is more predictive for performance in longer non-stop ultra-triathlons such as a Deca Iron ultra-triathlon. All female and male ultra-triathletes who had ...

Prevalence in running events and running performance of endurance runners following a vegetarian or vegan diet compared to non-vegetarian endurance runners: the NURMI Study

Background Beneficial and detrimental effects of various vegetarian and vegan diets on the health status are well known. Considering the growing background numbers of vegetarians and vegans, the number of vegetarian and vegan runners is likely to rise, too. Therefore, the Nutrition and Running High Mileage (NURMI) Study was designed as a comparative study to investigate the ...

Performance and sex difference in ultra-triathlon performance from Ironman to Double Deca Iron ultra-triathlon between 1978 and 2013

It was assumed that women would be able to outperform men in ultra-marathon running. The present study investigated the sex difference in performance for all ultra-triathlon distances from the Ironman distance (i.e. 3.8 km swimming, 180 km cycling and 42 km running) in the ‘Ironman Hawaii’ to the Double Deca Iron ultra-triathlon distance (i.e. 76 km swimming, 3,600 km cycling and ...

Acceptance of interventions to promote primary care: What do physicians prioritize?

Rosemann 0 Stefan Markun 0 0 Institute of Primary Care, University Hospital and University of Zurich , Pestalozzistrasse 24, 8091 Zurich , Switzerland Background: Switzerland is facing a shortage of primary

The Chronic Care for Wet Age Related Macular Degeneration (CHARMED) Study: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Background In real life, outcomes in wet age related macular degeneration (W-AMD) continue to fall behind the results from randomized controlled trials. The aim of this trial was to assess if outcomes can be improved by an intervention in healthcare organization following recommendations of the Chronic Care Model (CCM). Methods Multi-centered randomized controlled clinical trial. ...

Sex difference in age and performance in elite Swiss freestyle swimmers competing from 50 m to 1,500 m

Recent studies reported different ages for peak freestyle swimming performances for 50 m and 1,500 m. The aims of the present study were (i) to determine the age of peak freestyle swimming speed for distances including 50 m, 100 m, 200 m, 400 m, 800 m, and 1,500 m and to (ii) analyze the sex difference in peak freestyle swimming speed for all distances between 50 m and 1,500 m for ...