Advanced search    

Search: authors:"Thomas Rosenau"

11 papers found.
Use AND, OR, NOT, +word, -word, "long phrase", (parentheses) to fine-tune your search.

A cautionary note on thermal runaway reactions in mixtures of 1-alkyl-3-methylimidazolium ionic liquids and N-methylmorpholine-N-oxide

N-Methylmorpholine-N-oxide (NMMO) cannot be completely separated by extraction from mixtures with common 1,3-dialkylimidazolium ionic liquids (ILs) due to strong ionic interactions between the two components. At elevated temperatures, above approx. 90 °C, especially under dry conditions and in the presence of acid, alkylating or acylating agents, remaining NMMO in ILs tends to ...

Chromophores from hexeneuronic acids: identification of HexA-derived chromophores

Hexeneuronic acids (HexA) have long been known as triggers for discoloration processes in glucuronoxylan-containing cellulosic pulps. They are formed under the conditions of pulping from 4-O-methylglucuronic acid residues, and are removed in an “A stage” along the bleaching sequences, which mainly comprises acidic washing treatments. The chemical structures of HexA-derived ...

Chromophores from hexeneuronic acids (HexA): synthesis of model compounds and primary degradation intermediates

Hexeneuronic acid (HexA) is formed under pulping conditions from 4-O-methyl-glucuronic acid residues in xylans by methanol elimination. It is usually removed by an acidic washing treatment (A-stage) within the pulp bleaching sequence. Hexeneuronic acid has long been recognized as a source of color generation in pulps, but the chemical structure of the actual chromophoric compounds ...

Drying of a cellulose II gel: effect of physical modification and redispersibility in water

The agglomeration of cellulosic materials upon drying, often called hornification, causes a reduction of water retention, among other undesired effects. It is one of the main issues in industrial cellulose processing, especially with regard to nanocelluloses. As a consequence, high transportation and storage costs arise since nanocelluloses need to remain in aqueous suspensions ...

Surface properties and porosity of highly porous, nanostructured cellulose II particles

Recently, a new member of the nanocellulose family was introduced, a cellulose II gel consisting of nanostructured and spherical particles. In this study, we compared two different drying techniques to obtain highly porous powders from this gel with preserved meso- and macroporous nanostructure: first, freeze-drying after solvent exchange to tBuOH and second, supercritical drying ...

Impact of selected solvent systems on the pore and solid structure of cellulose aerogels

The impact of selected cellulose solvent systems based on the principal constituents tetrabutylammonium fluoride (TBAF), 1-ethyl-3-methyl-1H-imidazolium-acetate, N-methylmorpholine-N-oxide, or calcium thiocyanate octahydrate (CTO) on the properties of cellulose II aerogels prepared from these solvent systems has been investigated as a means towards tailoring cellulose aerogel ...

Dry, hydrophobic microfibrillated cellulose powder obtained in a simple procedure using alkyl ketene dimer

In order to produce dry and hydrophobic microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) in a simple procedure, its modification with alkyl ketene dimer (AKD) was performed. For this purpose, MFC was solvent-exchanged to ethyl acetate and mixed with AKD dissolved in the same solvent. Curing at 130 °C for 20 h under the catalysis of 1-methylimidazole yielded a dry powder. Scanning electron ...

Fluorescent cellulose aerogels containing covalently immobilized (ZnS)x(CuInS2)1−x/ZnS (core/shell) quantum dots

Photoluminiscent (PL) cellulose aerogels of variable shape containing homogeneously dispersed and surface-immobilized alloyed (ZnS)x(CuInS2)1−x/ZnS (core/shell) quantum dots (QD) have been obtained by (1) dissolution of hardwood prehydrolysis kraft pulp in the ionic liquid 1-hexyl-3-methyl-1H-imidazolium chloride, (2) addition of a homogenous dispersion of quantum dots in the same ...