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Optimal Limb Length Ratio of Quadruped Robot Minimising Joint Torque on Slopes

This paper aims to determine an optimal structure for a quadruped robot, which will allow the robot’s joint torque sum to be minimised. An animal’s characteristic limb length ratio is a vital part of its overall morphology and the one that enables it to travel easily through its environment. For the same reason, a robot’s structure needs to be suitably designed for locomotion in...

Electron Beam Irradiation Induced Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes Fusion inside SEM

This paper reported a method of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) fusion inside a scanning electron microscope (SEM). A CNT was picked up by nanorobotics manipulator system which was constructed in SEM with 21 DOFs and 1 nm resolution. The CNT was picked up and placed on two manipulators. The tensile force was 140 nN when the CNT was pulled into two parts. Then, two parts of...

Nanorobotic System iTRo for Controllable 1D Micro/nano Material Twisting Test

). CASArticle Google Scholar20. Yajing Shen, Masahiro Nakajima, Zhenhai Zhang & Toshio Fukuda. Dynamic Force Characterization Microscopy Based on Integrated Nanorobotic AFM and SEM System for Detachment Process ... shear properties of microfibers. Rev. Sci. Instrum. 85, 095118, doi:10.1063/1.4895679 (2014). ADSCASArticlePubMed Google Scholar28. Yajing Shen, Wenfeng Wan, Haojian Lu, Toshio Fukuda & Wanfeng Shang

Precise assembly of ring part with optimized hollowed finger

We deal with a technical issue of assembling a ring part into a shaft part with the clearance of several micrometers by using a robotic manipulator. This issue is difficult because of deformation of a ring part compared with peg-in-hole assembly. We propose a precise assembly method of a ring part with finger shape to solve this issue. We also propose a method to decide design...

Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma with Marked Lymphatic Involvement: A Report of Two Autopsy Cases

We herein report two cases of malignant pleural mesothelioma with marked lymphangiosis. The patients included a 68-year-old man and a 67-year-old man who both had a history of exposure to asbestos. Computed tomography (CT) on admission showed pleural effusion with pleural thickening. In both cases, a histopathological examination of the pleura confirmed the diagnosis of...

Characterization of the Resistance and Force of a Carbon Nanotube/Metal Side Contact by Nanomanipulation

A high contact resistance restricts the application of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) in fabrication of field-effect transistors (FETs). Thus, it is important to decrease the contact resistance and investigate the critical influence factors such as the contact length and contact force. This study uses nanomanipulation to characterize both the resistance and the force at a CNT/Au side...

Characterization of the Resistance and Force of a Carbon Nanotube/Metal Side Contact by Nanomanipulation

A high contact resistance restricts the application of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) in fabrication of field-effect transistors (FETs). Thus, it is important to decrease the contact resistance and investigate the critical influence factors such as the contact length and contact force. This study uses nanomanipulation to characterize both the resistance and the force at a CNT/Au side...

State of the art: micro-nanorobotic manipulation in single cell analysis

Single cell analysis is an essential research approach to reveal the secret of life. At such a small scale, it puts forward higher demand on the accuracy of the cell manipulation system. This paper reviews the state of the art of micro-nanorobotic manipulation in single cell analysis. First, the key applications of the micro-nanorobotic manipulation system in single cell analysis...

Consensus-Making Algorithms for Cognitive Sharing of Object in Multi-Robot Systems

Background Visual recognition in multi-robot systems is afflicted with a peculiar problem that observations made from different viewpoints present different perspectives. Hence, realizing cognitive sharing of the object among robots in an unconstructed environment has become challenging. To cope with these issues, we have proposed the Hierarchical Invariants Perception Model...

Solid variant of aneurysmal bone cyst in the tibia treated with simple curettage without bone graft: a case report

The solid variant of aneurysmal bone cyst (solid ABC) is rarely encountered in long bones and appropriate treatment for this disease remains unclear. We experienced a 13-year-old boy suffering from pain in his left knee caused by solid ABC. Simple curettage of the bone lesion without any adjuvant therapy and a bone graft gave immediate pain relief. Histological examination of the...

Tungsten/Platinum Hybrid Nanowire Growth via Field Emission Using Nanorobotic Manipulation

This paper reports tungsten-platinum hybrid nanowire growth via field emission, based on nanorobotic manipulation within a field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM). A multiwalled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) was used as the emitter, and a tungsten probe was used as the anode at the counterposition, by way of nanomanipulation. By independently employing...

A Novel Single Virus Infection System Reveals That Influenza Virus Preferentially Infects Cells in G1 Phase

Background Influenza virus attaches to sialic acid residues on the surface of host cells via the hemagglutinin (HA), a glycoprotein expressed on the viral envelope, and enters into the cytoplasm by receptor-mediated endocytosis. The viral genome is released and transported in to the nucleus, where transcription and replication take place. However, cellular factors affecting the...