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Can you catch Ebola from a stork bite? Inductive reasoning influences generalization of perceived zoonosis risk

for tailoring messages to modulate people's perceptions of risks associated with emerging zoonoses. Author Contributions Conceptualization: Tyler Davis, Micah B. Goldwater, Molly E. Ireland, Nicholas ... Gaylord, Jason Van Allen. 18 / 21 Data curation: Tyler Davis. Formal analysis: Tyler Davis, Molly E. Ireland. Investigation: Tyler Davis. Methodology: Tyler Davis, Micah B. Goldwater, Molly E. Ireland

Restoration of motor control and proprioceptive and cutaneous sensation in humans with prior upper-limb amputation via multiple Utah Slanted Electrode Arrays (USEAs) implanted in residual peripheral arm nerves

Despite advances in sophisticated robotic hands, intuitive control of and sensory feedback from these prostheses has been limited to only 3-degrees-of-freedom (DOF) with 2 sensory percepts in closed-loop control. A Utah Slanted Electrode Array (USEA) has been used in the past to provide up to 81 sensory percepts for human amputees. Here, we report on the advanced capabilities of ...

Quantifying the Internal Structure of Categories Using a Neural Typicality Measure

How categories are represented continues to be hotly debated across neuroscience and psychology. One topic that is central to cognitive research on category representation but underexplored in neurobiological research concerns the internal structure of categories. Internal structure refers to how the natural variability between-category members is coded so that we are able to ...

Is better beautiful or is beautiful better? Exploring the relationship between beauty and category structure

We evaluate two competing accounts of the relationship between beauty and category structure. According to the similarity-based view, beauty arises from category structure such that central items are favored due to their increased fluency. In contrast, the theory-based view holds that people’s theories of beauty shape their perceptions of categories. In the present study, subjects ...

Seeing Is Believing: Neural Representations of Visual Stimuli in Human Auditory Cortex Correlate with Illusory Auditory Perceptions

In interpersonal communication, the listener can often see as well as hear the speaker. Visual stimuli can subtly change a listener’s auditory perception, as in the McGurk illusion, in which perception of a phoneme’s auditory identity is changed by a concurrent video of a mouth articulating a different phoneme. Studies have yet to link visual influences on the neural representation ...

Learning the Exception to the Rule: Model-Based fMRI Reveals Specialized Representations for Surprising Category Members

Category knowledge can be explicit, yet not conform to a perfect rule. For example, a child may acquire the rule “If it has wings, then it is a bird,” but then must account for exceptions to this rule, such as bats. The current study explored the neurobiological basis of rule-plus-exception learning by using quantitative predictions from a category learning model, SUSTAIN, to ...

Two pathways to stimulus encoding in category learning?

TYLER DAVIS 0 BRADLEY C. LOVE 0 W. TODD MADDOX 0 0 University of Texas , Austin, Texas Category learning theorists tacitly assume that stimuli are encoded by a single pathway. Motivated by theories