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Applying the evaluation results of porosity-permeability distribution characteristics based on hydraulic flow units (HFU) to improve the reliability in building a 3D geological model, GD field, Cuu Long Basin

Constructing a facies model in geological modeling with two types of rock facies is not only stimulating but also necessary for modeling in a new direction to be able to reflect the interconnection of the oil body as well as heterogeneity of reservoir characteristics more clearly. The results of environmental interpretation derived from core sample data show that more than ten ...

Physical activity and nutrition behaviour outcomes of a cluster-randomized controlled trial for adults with metabolic syndrome in Vietnam

Background Metabolic syndrome is prevalent among Vietnamese adults, especially those aged 50–65 years. This study evaluated the effectiveness of a 6 month community-based lifestyle intervention to increase physical activity levels and improve dietary behaviours for adults with metabolic syndrome in Vietnam. Methods Ten communes, involving participants aged 50–65 years with ...

Insights into molecular plasticity in protein complexes from Trm9-Trm112 tRNA modifying enzyme crystal structure

Most of the factors involved in translation (tRNA, rRNA and proteins) are subject to post-transcriptional and post-translational modifications, which participate in the fine-tuning and tight control of ribosome and protein synthesis processes. In eukaryotes, Trm112 acts as an obligate activating platform for at least four methyltransferases (MTase) involved in the modification of ...

Caspase-Like Activities Accompany Programmed Cell Death Events in Developing Barley Grains

Vietnam Ministry of Education and Training for Van Tran. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript. Competing Interests

Co-infection of Ticks: The Rule Rather Than the Exception

Introduction Ticks are the most common arthropod vectors of both human and animal diseases in Europe, and the Ixodes ricinus tick species is able to transmit a large number of bacteria, viruses and parasites. Ticks may also be co-infected with several pathogens, with a subsequent high likelihood of co-transmission to humans or animals. However few data exist regarding co-infection ...

Respiratory Syncytial Virus and Other Viral Infections among Children under Two Years Old in Southern Vietnam 2009-2010: Clinical Characteristics and Disease Severity

Background Despite a high burden of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infections among children, data on demographic and clinical characteristics of RSV are scarce in low and middle income countries. This study aims to describe the viral etiologies, the demographic, epidemiological, and clinical characteristics of children under two years of age who were hospitalized with a lower ...

Preliminary observations on possible pathogen spill-over from Apis mellifera to Apis cerana

Populations of Apis mellifera and Apis cerana in China and Vietnam were surveyed in order to study possible pathogen spill-over from European to Asian honeybees. This is the first survey of the prevalence of honeybee pathogens in apiaries in Vietnam, including pathogen prevalence in wild A. cerana colonies never in contact with A. mellifera. The bee samples were assayed for eight ...

Dengue in Adults Admitted to a Referral Hospital in Hanoi, Vietnam

, Hanoi, Vietnam, E-mails: , , hoalnm@oucru.orgs, , heiman.wertheim@gmail .com, and . Khuong Thi Pham, Ninh Thi Hai Tran, Giang Van Tran, Binh Thanh Nguyen, My Van Nguyen, Lien Thi Nguyen, Ha Hong Nguyen

One-year risk of psychiatric hospitalization and associated treatment costs in bipolar disorder treated with atypical antipsychotics: a retrospective claims database analysis

MD, MBA, Min You, MS, and Yonghua Jing, PhD, are employees of Bristol-Myers Squibb. Andrei Pikalov, MD, PhD, and Quynh Van-Tran, PharmD, are employees of Otsuka America Pharmaceutical, Inc.

Tracking Marsupial Evolution Using Archaic Genomic Retroposon Insertions

Genome-wide comparisons of shared retroposon insertion patterns resolve the phylogeny of marsupials, clearly distinguishing South American and Australian species and lending support to Didelphimorphia as the basal split.

Biogeography of the two major arbovirus mosquito vectors, Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus (Diptera, Culicidae), in Madagascar

Background In the past ten years, the Indian Ocean region has been the theatre of severe epidemics of chikungunya and dengue. These outbreaks coincided with a high increase in populations of Aedes albopictus that outcompete its sister taxon Aedes aegypti in most islands sampled. The objective of this work was to update the entomological survey of the two Aedes species in the island ...

Persistent Wolbachia and Cultivable Bacteria Infection in the Reproductive and Somatic Tissues of the Mosquito Vector Aedes albopictus

Background Commensal and symbiotic microbes have a considerable impact on the behavior of many arthropod hosts, including hematophagous species that transmit pathogens causing infectious diseases to human and animals. Little is known about the bacteria associated with mosquitoes other than the vectorized pathogens. This study investigated Wolbachia and cultivable bacteria that ...

High Prevalence of Beijing and EAI4-VNM Genotypes among M. tuberculosis Isolates in Northern Vietnam: Sampling Effect, Rural and Urban Disparities

A total of 221 isolates of M. tuberculosis were sampled from hospitals and the general population in the northern plain of Vietnam, one of the most populated region of the country. Genotypic composition and diversity were characterized, and we investigated how they are affected by sampling (hospital vs. general population), correcting for potential confounding effects (location, ...

The Seroprevalence and Seroincidence of Enterovirus71 Infection in Infants and Children in Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam

Enterovirus 71 (EV71)-associated hand, foot and mouth disease has emerged as a serious public health problem in South East Asia over the last decade. To better understand the prevalence of EV71 infection, we determined EV71 seroprevalence and seroincidence amongst healthy infants and children in Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam. In a cohort of 200 newborns, 55% of cord blood samples ...

Pseudomonas aeruginosa acquisition on an intensive care unit: relationship between antibiotic selective pressure and patients' environment

Introduction The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship among Pseudomonas aeruginosa acquisition on the intensive care unit (ICU), environmental contamination and antibiotic selective pressure against P. aeruginosa. Methods An open, prospective cohort study was carried out in a 16-bed medical ICU where P. aeruginosa was endemic. Over a six-month period, all ...

Mice with a Targeted Deletion of the Type 2 Deiodinase Are Insulin Resistant and Susceptible to Diet Induced Obesity

Background The type 2 iodothyronine deiodinase (D2) converts the pro-hormone thyroxine into T3 within target tissues. D2 is essential for a full thermogenic response of brown adipose tissue (BAT), and mice with a disrupted Dio2 gene (D2KO) have an impaired response to cold. BAT is also activated by overfeeding. Methodology/Principal Findings After 6-weeks of HFD feeding D2KO mice ...

MYH11 mutations result in a distinct vascular pathology driven by insulin-like growth factor1 and angiotensin II

Hariyadarshi Pannu Van Tran-Fadulu Christina L. Papke Steve Scherer Yaozhong Liu Caroline Presley Dongchuan Guo Anthony L. Estrera Hazim J. Safi Allan R. Brasier G. Wesley Vick A.J. Marian C.S. Raman

MYH11 mutations result in a distinct vascular pathology driven by insulin-like growth factor 1 and angiotensin II

Non-syndromic thoracic aortic aneurysms and dissections (TAADs) are inherited in an autosomal dominant manner in ∼20% of cases. Familial TAAD is genetically heterogeneous and four loci have been mapped for this disease to date, including a locus at 16p for TAAD associated with patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). The defective gene at the 16p locus has recently been identified as the ...

Acute Febrile Myalgia in Vietnam due to Trichinellosis following the Consumption of Raw Pork

Trichinellosis outbreaks occur occasionally in Vietnam following the consumption of undercooked pork. Diagnosing trichinella can be problematic because fever and myalgia are nonspecific, and diagnosis may be delayed. We describe 5 Vietnamese patients in whom trichinellosis was diagnosed after several weeks of illness.