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Structures of an all-α protein running along the DNA major groove

Despite over 3300 protein–DNA complex structures have been reported in the past decades, there remain some unknown recognition patterns between protein and target DNA. The silkgland-specific transcription factor FMBP-1 from the silkworm Bombyx mori contains a unique DNA-binding domain of four tandem STPRs, namely the score and three amino acid peptide repeats. Here we report...

Activity Augmentation of Amphioxus Peptidoglycan Recognition Protein BbtPGRP3 via Fusion with a Chitin Binding Domain

Peptidoglycan recognition proteins (PGRPs), which have been identified in most animals, are pattern recognition molecules that involve antimicrobial defense. Resulting from extraordinary expansion of innate immune genes, the amphioxus encodes many PGRPs of diverse functions. For instance, three isoforms of PGRP encoded by Branchiostoma belcheri tsingtauense, termed BbtPGRP1~3...

Structures of Streptococcus pneumoniae PiaA and Its Complex with Ferrichrome Reveal Insights into the Substrate Binding and Release of High Affinity Iron Transporters

Iron scarcity is one of the nutrition limitations that the Gram-positive infectious pathogens Streptococcus pneumoniae encounter in the human host. To guarantee sufficient iron supply, the ATP binding cassette (ABC) transporter Pia is employed to uptake iron chelated by hydroxamate siderophore, via the membrane-anchored substrate-binding protein PiaA. The high affinity towards...

LlSR28 Is Involved in Pollen Germination by Affecting Filamentous Actin Dynamics

Alternative splicing plays important roles in gene regulation and contributes to protein complexity. Previous studies suggest that alternative splicing exists in members of the villin/gelsolin/fragmin superfamily. In this study, a serine/argine-rich (SR) protein cDNA with 28kDa protein (LlSR28) was isolated from a lily (Lilium longiflorum) expression library. Protein domain...

B-cell lymphoma 6 protein stimulates oncogenicity of human breast cancer cells

Background B-cell lymphoma 6 (BCL6) protein, an evolutionarily conserved zinc finger transcription factor, showed to be highly expressed in various human cancers in addition to malignancies in the lymphoid system. This study investigated the role of BCL6 expression in breast cancer and its clinical significance in breast cancer patients. Methods Expression of BCL6 protein was...

House dust mite allergen Der p 1 elevates the release of inflammatory cytokines and expression of adhesion molecules in co-culture of human eosinophils and bronchial epithelial cells

House dust mite (HDM) is a common allergen of allergic asthma. Eosinophils are principal effector cells of allergic inflammation and their adhesion onto human bronchial epithelial cells is mediated by a CD18–intracellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1)-dependent interaction. We studied the effects of HDM Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (Der p) 1 on the activation of eosinophils and...

Overexpression of Parathyroid Hormone-Related Protein Enhances Apoptosis in the Rat Intestinal Cell Line, IEC-6

We used the rat intestinal cell line, IEC-6, to study potential effects of overexpression of PTH-related protein (PTHrP) on apoptosis. A clonal line of PTHrP-overexpressing cells was established by stably transfecting parental cells with PTHrP complementary DNA in a sense orientation (sense). A similarly transfected line stably, transfected with empty vector, served as control...