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Forced oscillation for solutions of boundary value problems of fractional partial difference equations

In this paper, we obtain the forced oscillation of solutions for certain fractional partial difference equations with two different types of boundary conditions. Our results are based on discrete Gaussian formula and some basic theories of discrete fractional calculus. MSC: 26A33, 39A21, 39A14, 39A12.

Applications of the generalised Dirichlet integral inequality to the Neumann problem with fast-growing continuous data

By using the generalised Dirichlet integral inequality with continuous functions on the boundary of the upper half-space, we prove new types of solutions for the Neumann problem with fast-growing continuous data on the boundary. Given any harmonic function with its negative part satisfying similarly fast-growing conditions, we obtain weaker boundary integral condition.

Using WeChat official accounts to improve malaria health literacy among Chinese expatriates in Niger: an intervention study

Background Malaria is the main health risk for Chinese expatriates working in Niger. Health education is a recommended intervention for prevention of malaria among non-immune travellers and expatriate workers. It is urgent to develop an effective and feasible way for these populations to obtain information about the prevention and treatment of malaria. Methods An individually ...

Presence of zoonotic Cryptosporidium scrofarum, Giardia duodenalis assemblage A and Enterocytozoon bieneusi genotypes in captive Eurasian wild boars (Sus scrofa) in China: potential for zoonotic transmission

Background Cryptosporidium spp., Giardia duodenalis and Enterocytozoon bieneusi are the main causal pathogens of gastrointestinal disease. However, there are limited reports about the prevalence of these organisms in captive Eurasian wild boars worldwide. Therefore, we examined the occurrence and identified the species/assemblages/genotypes of these pathogens in captive Eurasian ...

Epileptic seizure, as the first symptom of hypoparathyroidism in children, does not require antiepileptic drugs

Objective Patients with hypoparathyroidism exhibit metabolic disorders (hypocalcemia) and brain structural abnormalities (brain calcifications). Currently, studies have determined whether antiepileptic drug (AED) treatment is required for epileptic seizures in children with hypoparathyroidism. Method This study aims to evaluate the data of two medical centers in Beijing based on ...

Oscillation results for certain forced fractional difference equations with damping term

In this paper, we establish two sufficient conditions for the oscillation of forced fractional difference equations with damping term of the form ( 1 + p ( t ) ) Δ ( Δ α x ( t ) ) + p ( t ) Δ α x ( t ) + f ( t , x ( t ) ) = g ( t ) , t ∈ N 0 , with initial condition Δ α − 1 x ( t ) | t = 0 = x 0 , where 0 < α < 1 is a constant, Δ α x is the Riemann-Liouville fractional difference ...

Turing learning: a metric-free approach to inferring behavior and its application to swarms

We propose Turing Learning, a novel system identification method for inferring the behavior of natural or artificial systems. Turing Learning simultaneously optimizes two populations of computer programs, one representing models of the behavior of the system under investigation, and the other representing classifiers. By observing the behavior of the system as well as the behaviors ...

Hepatitis E Virus Genotype 4 Sequences Detected in Sewage from Treatment Plants of China

The aim of this study was to investigate the occurrence of hepatitis E virus (HEV) in sewage samples in Shen Zhen, China. Sewage samples were collected from 152 sewage plants including livestock sewage, domestic sewage and treated sewage from May to July of 2015. Two of 152 samples were HEV positive (1.32%) from the livestock sewage plants. Partial ORF2 fragments of HEV were ...

Syphilitic aortic aneurysm with a pulmonary lesion: a case report and literature view

Introduction Syphilitic aortic aneurysm (SAA) is caused by tertiary stage of syphilis infection. As the wide application of penicillin, this complication is becoming rarer than before. The SAA with lung cancer is a very rare disease in patient. Case description A 55-year-old male was admitted to the hospital complaining “progressive hoarseness for 3 months” and the patient has been ...

Oscillation of solutions for certain fractional partial differential equations

In this paper, sufficient conditions are established for the forced oscillation of fractional partial differential equations of the form ∂ ∂ t ( D + , t α u ( x , t ) ) = a ( t ) Δ u ( x , t ) − m ( x , t , u ( x , t ) ) + f ( x , t ) , ( x , t ) ∈ Ω × R + ≡ G , with one of the two following boundary conditions: ∂ u ( x , t ) ∂ N = ψ ( x , t ) , ( x , t ) ∈ ∂ Ω × R + , or u ( x , t ...

Atrial fibrillation in patients hospitalized with acute myocardial infarction: analysis of the china acute myocardial infarction (CAMI) registry

Background The incidence, clinical outcomes and antithrombotic treatment spectrum of atrial fibrillation (AF) in patients hospitalized with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) have not been well studied in Chinese population. Methods Twenty-six thousand five hundred ninety-two consecutive patients diagnosed with AMI were enrolled in CAMI registry from January 2013 to September 2014. ...

mirDNMR: a gene-centered database of background de novo mutation rates in human

evaluate significantly recurrent DNM may *To whom correspondence should be addressed. Tel: +86 577 88831309; Email: Correspondence may also be addressed to Wei Li. Email: †These authors contributed equally

Fragments of Kripke–Platek set theory and the metamathematics of \(\alpha \) -recursion theory

theory. In addition, we compare the strengths of some fragments of KP. Wei Li research was supported by FWF-RFBR Joint Project I1238, “Definability and Computability”. Tin Lok Wong was financially

TNF-α sensitizes chemotherapy and radiotherapy against breast cancer cells

Purpose Despite new developments in cancer therapy, chemotherapy and radiotherapy remain the cornerstone of breast cancer treatment. Therefore, finding ways to reduce the toxicity and increase sensitivity is particularly important. Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) exerts multiple functions in cell proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis. In the present study, we ...

Twisted sectors from plane partitions

Twisted sectors arise naturally in the bosonic higher spin CFTs at their free points, as well as in the associated symmetric orbifolds. We identify the coset representations of the twisted sector states using the description of \( {\mathcal{W}}_{\infty } \) representations in terms of plane partitions. We confirm these proposals by a microscopic null-vector analysis, and by ...

Optical fiber current sensor research: review and outlook

Optical fiber current sensor (OFCS) based on Faraday magneto-optic effect has many advantages of immunity against electromagnetic interference, high sensitivity and wide dynamic range. Thus, OFCS has extensive application prospects. In this paper, the authors present a review on OFCS. The basic principle of OFCS is firstly discussed. And then the main advantages and disadvantages ...

A feedback loop comprising PRMT7 and miR-24-2 interplays with Oct4, Nanog, Klf4 and c-Myc to regulate stemness

Self-renewal and pluripotency are two fundamental characteristics of embryonic stem cells (ESCs) and are controlled by diverse regulatory factors, including pluripotent factors, epigenetic regulators and microRNAs (miRNAs). Although histone methyltransferases are key epigenetic regulators, whether and how a histone methyltransferase forms a network with miRNAs and the core ...

Brain natriuretic peptide suppresses pain induced by BmK I, a sodium channel-specific modulator, in rats

Background A previous study found that brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) inhibited inflammatory pain via activating its receptor natriuretic peptide receptor A (NPRA) in nociceptive sensory neurons. A recent study found that functional NPRA is expressed in almost all the trigeminal ganglion (TG) neurons at membrane level suggesting a potentially important role for BNP in migraine ...