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Entanglement entropy in flat holography

BMS symmetry, which is the asymptotic symmetry at null infinity of flat spacetime, is an important input for flat holography. In this paper, we give a holographic calculation of entanglement entropy and Rényi entropy in three dimensional Einstein gravity and Topologically Massive Gravity. The geometric picture for the entanglement entropy is the length of a spacelike geodesic which ...

ChimericSeq: An open-source, user-friendly interface for analyzing NGS data to identify and characterize viral-host chimeric sequences

on sharing data and materials. Author Contributions Conceptualization: Fwu-Shan Shieh, Patrick Jongeneel, Selena Lin, Wei Song, Ying-Hsiu Su. Data curation: Fwu-Shan Shieh, Patrick Jongeneel ... . Formal analysis: Fwu-Shan Shieh, Patrick Jongeneel, Selena Lin. Funding acquisition: Wei Song, Ying-Hsiu Su. Investigation: Selena Lin, Ying-Hsiu Su. 12 / 14 Project administration: Jamin D. Steffen

Preoperative platelet lymphocyte ratio as independent predictors of prognosis in pancreatic cancer: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Background Recently, the preoperative platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR) has been found reported to predict oncologic outcomes in multiple malignancies. However, its prognostic value in patients with pancreatic cancer (PC) remains controversial. The aim of this study was to assess the prognostic value of preoperative PLR in PC. Methods MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane databases were ...

Modifications to holographic entanglement entropy in warped CFT

In [1] it was observed that asymptotic boundary conditions play an important role in the study of holographic entanglement beyond AdS/CFT. In particular, the Ryu-Takayanagi proposal must be modified for warped AdS3 (WAdS3) with Dirichlet boundary conditions. In this paper, we consider AdS3 and WAdS3 with Dirichlet-Neumann boundary conditions. The conjectured holographic duals are ...

Pre-computed Region Guardian Sets Based Reverse kNN Queries

Given a set of objects and a query q, a point p is q’s Reverse k Nearest Neighbour (RkNN) if q is one of p’s k-closest objects. RkNN queries have received significant research attention in the past few years. However, we realize that the state-of-the-art algorithm, SLICE, accesses many objects that do not contribute to its RkNN results when running the filtering phase, which ...

Quantitative assessment of Pulmonary Alveolar Proteinosis (PAP) with ultra-dose CT and correlation with Pulmonary Function Tests (PFTs)

Background The purpose of this study was to investigate whether ultra-low-dose chest computed tomography (CT) can be used for visual assessment of CT features in patients with pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) and to evaluate the relationship between the quantitative analysis of the ultra-low-dose CT scans and the pulmonary function tests (PFTs). Methods Thirty-eight patients ...

Clinical and prognostic analysis of 78 patients with human immuno-deficiency virus associated non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma in Chinese population

Background Human Immuno-deficiency Virus (HIV) associated non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NHL) was a special group of disease, which manifests distinct clinical features and prognosis as compared with NHLs in patients without HIV. We performed this study to describe the clinical features of the disease and investigated the potential prognostic factors. Methods HIV-infected patients who ...

A cloud-based monitoring system via face recognition using Gabor and CS-LBP features

Face detection and recognition is an important topic in security. Currently, ubiquitous monitoring has received a large amount of attention. This paper proposes a cloud-based ubiquitous monitoring system via face recognition. It consists of a monitoring client module for face detection and recognition and a cloud storage module for data visualization. In the monitoring client ...

Design and implementation of a same-user identification system in invoked reality space

technology and NUI (Natural User Interface) utilizing various NUI devices. Wei Song is a full lecturer at the Department of Digital Media Technology at the North China University of Technology (NCUT), Beijing

Endogenous neurogenesis in adult mammals after spinal cord injury

During the whole life cycle of mammals, new neurons are constantly regenerated in the subgranular zone of the dentate gyrus and in the subventricular zone of the lateral ventricles. Thanks to emerging methodologies, great progress has been made in the characterization of spinal cord endogenous neural stem cells (ependymal cells) and identification of their role in adult spinal cord ...

Fumarate Production by Torulopsis glabrata: Engineering Heterologous Fumarase Expression and Improving Acid Tolerance

Fumarate is a well-known biomass building block compound. However, the poor catalytic efficiency of fumarase is one of the major factors preventing its widespread production. To address this issue, we selected residues 159HPND162 of fumarase from Rhizopus oryzae as targets for site-directed mutagenesis based on molecular docking analysis. Twelve mutants were generated and ...

Novel mutations in COL4A3, COL4A4, and COL4A5 in Chinese patients with Alport Syndrome

Alport syndrome (AS) is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous, progressive nephropathy caused by mutations in COL4A3, COL4A4, and COL4A5, which encode type IV collagen. The large sizes of these genes and the absence of mutation hot spots have complicated mutational analysis by routine polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based approaches. Here, in order to design a rapid and ...

Stability for iterative roots of piecewise monotonic functions

Global C 0 and local C 1 stability of iterative roots for monotonic functions defined on a compact interval, as well as global C 1 instability under some assumptions, are well-known facts. In this paper, we investigate the stability of iterative roots for piecewise monotonic functions with nonmonotonicity height equal to 1. We prove the roots are C 1 locally stable and C 0 global ...

Can CT Screening Give Rise to a Beneficial Stage Shift in Lung Cancer Patients? Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Objectives To portray the stage characteristics of lung cancers detected in CT screenings, and explore whether there’s universal stage superiority over other methods for various pathological types using available data worldwide in a meta-analysis approach. Materials and Methods EMBASE and MEDLINE were searched for studies on lung cancer CT screening in natural populations through ...

Glymphatic distribution of CSF-derived apoE into brain is isoform specific and suppressed during sleep deprivation

Background Apolipoprotein E (apoE) is a major carrier of cholesterol and essential for synaptic plasticity. In brain, it’s expressed by many cells but highly expressed by the choroid plexus and the predominant apolipoprotein in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). The role of apoE in the CSF is unclear. Recently, the glymphatic system was described as a clearance system whereby CSF and ISF ...

Identification of Genes Potentially Associated with the Fertility Instability of S-Type Cytoplasmic Male Sterility in Maize via Bulked Segregant RNA-Seq

S-type cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS-S) is the largest group among the three major types of CMS in maize. CMS-S exhibits fertility instability as a partial fertility restoration in a specific nuclear genetic background, which impedes its commercial application in hybrid breeding programs. The fertility instability phenomenon of CMS-S is controlled by several minor quantitative ...

Screening for Cognitive Impairments in Primary Blepharospasm

Backgrounds Studies have reported that non-motor symptoms are an important component of primary dystonia. However, evidence supporting cognitive impairment in primary dystonia is limited and contradictory. Methods We applied the Chinese version of the Addenbrooke’s Cognitive Examination-Revised and the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) to screen for cognitive impairment in ...

Chlorogenic Acid Prevents Osteoporosis by Shp2/PI3K/Akt Pathway in Ovariectomized Rats

Cortex Eucommiae is used worldwide in traditional medicine, various constituents of Cortex Eucommiae, such as chlorogenic acid (CGA), has been reported to exert anti-osteoporosis activity in China, but the mechanism about their contribution to the overall activity is limited. The aims of this study were to determine whether chlorogenic acid can prevent estrogen deficiency-induced ...

Clinical significance of mitofusin-2 and its signaling pathways in hepatocellular carcinoma

Background The mitochondrial GTPase mitofusin-2 (MFN2) gene encodes a mitochondrial membrane protein that can induce apoptosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) via the mitochondrial apoptotic pathway, as validated in our previous research. However, little is known of the clinical significance of MFN2 expression and its signaling pathways in HCC. Methods MFN2 mRNA expression in ...