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Study on the removal and transport and migration mechanism for As with activated sludge system

In this paper, the removal of As and the transport and migration of As at the process of activated sludge system was studied. The results showed that the activated sludge system has high removal efficiency for As, and the removal efficiency could be nearly 100%. The initial concentration of As has effect on the removal efficiency, and within the experimental scope, the increase of ...

Comprehensive damage evaluation of localized spallation of thermal barrier coatings

Thermal barrier coatings (TBCs) enable the hot section part to work at high temperatures owing to their thermal barrier effect on the base metal components. However, localized spallation in the ceramic top-coat might occur after long duration of thermal exposure or thermal cycling. To comprehensively understand the damage of the top-coat on the overall hot section part, effects of ...

Effects of combined application of nitrogen fertilizer and biochar on the nitrification and ammonia oxidizers in an intensive vegetable soil

Soil amended with single biochar or nitrogen (N) fertilizer has frequently been reported to alter soil nitrification process due to its impact on soil properties. However, little is known about the dynamic response of nitrification and ammonia-oxidizers to the combined application of biochar and N fertilizer in intensive vegetable soil. In this study, an incubation experiment was ...

Pioglitazone ameliorates glomerular NLRP3 inflammasome activation in apolipoprotein E knockout mice with diabetes mellitus

a new underlying mechanism responsible for the beneficial effect of PIO for DN. Author Contributions Conceptualization: Yao Wang, Ming Yang. Data curation: Wei Wei. Formal analysis: Wei Wei

The different expressed serum proteins in rhCygb treated rat model of liver fibrosis by the optimized two-dimensional gel electrophoresis

Liver fibrosis, a common pathological process of chronic liver diseases, is the final stage of liver dysfunction that has severely deleterious impact on human health. Cytoglobin was first discovered in 2001 by proteomic analysis in rat stellate cells and was reported to play an important role in controlling tissue fibrosis. However, the mechanism by which cytoglobin inhibits or ...

Potential Role for Mycobacterium tuberculosis Specific IL-2 and IFN-γ Responses in Discriminating between Latent Infection and Active Disease after Long-Term Stimulation

Interferon gamma release assays (IGRAs) could accurately diagnose Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M.tuberculosis) infection. However, these assays do not discriminate between latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) and active tuberculosis disease (ATB). Here, a total of 177 subjects, including 65 patients with ATB, 43 subjects with LTBI, and 69 TB-uninfected controls (CON group) were ...

Bioinformatics identification and transcript profile analysis of the mitogen-activated protein kinase gene family in the diploid woodland strawberry Fragaria vesca

Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) play essential roles in mediating biotic and abiotic stress responses in plants. However, the MAPK gene family in strawberry has not been systematically characterized. Here, we performed a genome-wide survey and identified 12 MAPK genes in the Fragaria vesca genome. Protein domain analysis indicated that all FvMAPKs have typical protein ...

Methodological challenges to multivariate syndromic surveillance: a case study using Swiss animal health data

Background In an era of ubiquitous electronic collection of animal health data, multivariate surveillance systems (which concurrently monitor several data streams) should have a greater probability of detecting disease events than univariate systems. However, despite their limitations, univariate aberration detection algorithms are used in most active syndromic surveillance (SyS) ...

Nucleotide transmitters ATP and ADP mediate intercellular calcium wave communication via P2Y12/13 receptors among BV-2 microglia

curation: Pengchong Jiang, Fulin Xing, Bu Guo, Jianyu Yang, Zheming Li. Formal analysis: Pengchong Jiang, Fulin Xing, Bu Guo, Jianyu Yang, Zheming Li, Wei Wei. Funding acquisition: Xinzheng Zhang, Leiting

Low-lying charmed and charmed-strange baryon states

In this work, we systematically study the mass spectra and strong decays of 1P and 2S charmed and charmed-strange baryons in the framework of non-relativistic constituent quark models. With the light quark cluster–heavy quark picture, the masses are simply calculated by a potential model. The strong decays are studied by the Eichten–Hill–Quigg decay formula. Masses and decay ...

Long non-coding RNA HOTAIR inhibits miR-17-5p to regulate osteogenic differentiation and proliferation in non-traumatic osteonecrosis of femoral head

Background and aim The biological functions of non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) have been widely identified in many human diseases. In the present study, the relationship between long non-coding RNA HOTAIR and microRNA-17-5p (miR-17-5p) and their roles in osteogenic differentiation and proliferation in non-traumatic osteonecrosis of femoral head (ONFH) were investigated. Methods The ...

Transcriptome comparative analysis of two Camellia species reveals lipid metabolism during mature seed natural drying

Key message The molecular mechanisms of fatty acid biosynthesis and accumulation during Camellia meiocarpa and Camellia oleifera seed natural drying are characterized through transcriptome analyses. Abstract Camellia seed oil has been used as high quality and healthy food for over two thousand years. Seed drying affects oil quality and quantity; however, the molecular mechanisms of ...

Enhanced expression and phosphorylation of Sirt7 activates smad2 and ERK signaling and promotes the cardiac fibrosis differentiation upon angiotensin-II stimulation

Cardiac fibroblasts (CFs) phenotypic conversion to myofibroblasts (MFs) represents a crucial event in cardiac fibrosis that leads to impaired cardiac function. However, regulation of this phenotypic transformation remains unclear. Here, we showed that sirtuin-7 (Sirt7) plays an important role in the regulation of MFs differentiation. Sirt7 expression and phosphorylation were ...

Robust convergence analysis of iterative learning control for impulsive Riemann-Liouville fractional-order systems

In this paper, we explore P-type learning laws for impulsive Riemann-Liouville fractional-order controlled systems ( 0 < α < 1 ) with initial state offset bounded to track the varying reference accurately by using a few iterations in a finite time interval. By using the Gronwall inequality and fundamental inequalities, we obtain open-loop and closed-loop P-type robust convergence ...

Diagenesis and its impact on reservoir quality for the Chang 8 oil group tight sandstone of the Yanchang Formation (upper Triassic) in southwestern Ordos basin, China

Based on the applications of thin section, cathode luminescence, scanning electron microscope and X-ray diffraction, this paper studies the reservoir characteristics, diagenesis features and their influences on the development of reservoir pores for the Chang 8 oil group of Yanchang Formation in southwestern Ordos Basin. Results show that the reservoir is characterized by low ...

Establishment of a somatic embryo regeneration system and expression analysis of somatic embryogenesis-related genes in Chinese chestnut (Castanea mollissima Blume)

mature Vol.:(011233456789) Castanea mollissima; Somatic embryogenesis; Regeneration; Embryogenesis-related genes; Gene expression - Dan Lu, Wei Wei and Wan Zhou have contributed equally to this work

Total glucosides of paeony inhibits lipopolysaccharide-induced proliferation, migration and invasion in androgen insensitive prostate cancer cells

administration: De-Xin Yu, De-Xiang Xu. Resources: Wei Wei, De-Xin Yu, De-Xiang Xu. Software: Zhi-Qiang Zhang, Hao Geng. Supervision: De-Xiang Xu. Validation: Zhi-Hui Zhang, Mi-Zhen Xia, Zhi-Qiang Zhang, Hao

MicroRNA-200c inhibits epithelial-mesenchymal transition, invasion, and migration of lung cancer by targeting HMGB1

analysis: Yu-Peng Liu. Funding acquisition: Po-Len Liu, Wei-Lun Liu, Yu-Peng Liu, Inn-Wen Chong. Investigation: Po-Len Liu, Jia-Ming Chang, Hsuan-Fu Kuo, Yu-Sian Ding, Wei-Wei Chen. Methodology: Po-Len Liu ... , Jia-Ming Chang, Yu-Peng Liu, Hsuan-Fu Kuo, Chong-Chao Hsieh, Yu-Sian Ding, Wei-Wei Chen. Project administration: Wei-Lun Liu, Jia-Ming Chang. Resources: Wei-Lun Liu, Chong-Chao Hsieh, Inn-Wen Chong

Modulation of cholesterol transport by maternal hypercholesterolemia in human full-term placenta

The significance of maternal cholesterol transporting to the fetus under normal as well as pathological circumstances is less understood. The objective of this study was to observe the effects of maternal hypercholesterolemia on placental cholesterol transportation. Human full-time placenta, maternal and venous cord blood were sampled at delivery from the pregnant women with serum ...