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Optimization of GaAs Nanowire Pin Junction Array Solar Cells by Using AlGaAs/GaAs Heterojunctions

We optimized the performance of GaAs nanowire pin junction array solar cells by introducing AlGaAs/GaAs heterejunctions. AlGaAs is used for the p type top segment for axial junctions and the p type outer shell for radial junctions. The AlGaAs not only serves as passivation layers for GaAs nanowires but also confines the optical generation in the active regions, reducing the...

Photovoltaic Performance of a Nanowire/Quantum Dot Hybrid Nanostructure Array Solar Cell

An innovative solar cell based on a nanowire/quantum dot hybrid nanostructure array is designed and analyzed. By growing multilayer InAs quantum dots on the sidewalls of GaAs nanowires, not only the absorption spectrum of GaAs nanowires is extended by quantum dots but also the light absorption of quantum dots is dramatically enhanced due to the light-trapping effect of the...

The decay width of the \(Z_c(3900)\) as an axialvector tetraquark state in solid quark–hadron duality

In this article, we tentatively assign the \(Z_c^\pm (3900)\) to be the diquark–antidiquark type axialvector tetraquark state, study the hadronic coupling constants \(G_{Z_cJ/\psi \pi }, G_{Z_c\eta _c\rho }, G_{Z_cD \bar{D}^{*}}\) with the QCD sum rules in details. We take into account both the connected and disconnected Feynman diagrams in carrying out the operator product...

Characteristics and accumulation model of the late Quaternary shallow biogenic gas in the modern Changjiang delta area, eastern China

The Changjiang (Yangtze) is one of the largest rivers in the world. It formed a huge incised valley at its mouth during the Last Glacial Maximum; the incised-valley fill, approximately 80–110 m thick, supplies an important foundation for the generation of shallow biogenic-gas reservoirs. Two cores and 13 cone penetration tests were used to elaborate the characteristics, formation...

Abrasion properties of self-suspended hairy titanium dioxide nanomaterials

Considering the excellent solubility of pyrrolidone ring organic compounds, the synthesized N-(trimethoxysilyl) propyl-N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone chlorides was tethered onto titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticles to improve dispersion of TiO2, and then polyethylene oxide (PEO) oligomer through ion exchange embraced the tethered TiO2 to obtain a novel self-suspended hairy TiO2...

Analysis of the tensor–tensor type scalar tetraquark states with QCD sum rules

In this article, we study the ground states and the first radial excited states of the tensor–tensor type scalar hidden-charm tetraquark states with the QCD sum rules. We separate the ground state contributions from the first radial excited state contributions unambiguously, and obtain the QCD sum rules for the ground states and the first radial excited states, respectively. Then...

Self-catalyzed Growth of InAs Nanowires on InP Substrate

We report on the self-catalyzed growth of InAs nanowires on InP substrate by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition. At a moderate V/III ratio, tapered nanowires are obtained, suggesting a strong surface diffusion effect. Dense twin faults are observed perpendicular to the nanowire growth direction due to the fluctuation of In atoms in the droplet originating from the surface...

A High-Efficiency Si Nanowire Array/Perovskite Hybrid Solar Cell

A low-cost Si nanowire array/perovskite hybrid solar cell is proposed and simulated. The solar cell consists of a Si p-i-n nanowire array filled with CH3NH3PbI3, in which both the nanowires and perovskite absorb the incident light while the nanowires act as the channels for transporting photo-generated electrons and holes. The hybrid structure has a high absorption efficiency in...

Screening of genes involved in interactions with intestinal epithelial cells in Cronobacter sakazakii

Cronobacter sakazakii possesses a significant ability to adhere to and invade epithelial cells in its host. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying this process are poorly understood. In the current study, the adhesive and invasive capabilities of 56 C. sakazakii strains against human epithelial cells were evaluated, and one of them was selected for construction of a mutant...

SNP in human ARHGEF3 promoter is associated with DNase hypersensitivity, transcript level and platelet function, and Arhgef3 KO mice have increased mean platelet volume

Genome-wide association studies have identified a genetic variant at 3p14.3 (SNP rs1354034) that strongly associates with platelet number and mean platelet volume in humans. While originally proposed to be intronic, analysis of mRNA expression in primary human hematopoietic subpopulations reveals that this SNP is located directly upstream of the predominantly expressed ARHGEF3...

Characteristics of coronary arterial lesions in patients with coronary heart disease and hypertension

Objective The aim of this study was to investigate the correlations between risk factors such as hypertension and the complex degrees of coronary arterial lesions (CAL). Methods We selected 462 patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) with confirmed the stenosis (≥50 %) in at least one major coronary artery on coronary angiography and divided them into the “CHD with...

Sedimentary characteristics and processes of the Paleogene Dainan Formation in the Gaoyou Depression, North Jiangsu Basin, eastern China

In this paper, the type, vertical evolution, and distribution pattern of sedimentary facies of the Paleogene Dainan Formation in the Gaoyou Depression of the North Jiangsu Basin are studied in detail. Results show that fan delta, delta, nearshore subaqueous fan, and lacustrine facies developed during the Dainan Formation period and their distribution pattern was mainly controlled...

Incidence and age and gender profiles of hyperplasia in individual cervical vertebrae

Objective To analyze the incidence and age and gender profiles of hyperplasia in individual cervical vertebrae.

Plasmonic circular resonators for refractive index sensors and filters

A plasmonic refractive index sensor based on a circular resonator is proposed. With all three dimensions below 1 μm, the sensor has a compact and simple structure granting it ease-of-fabrication and ease-of-use. It is capable of sensing trace amounts of liquid or gas samples. The sensing properties are investigated using finite elements method. The results demonstrate that the...

Prevalence and risk factors for cardiovascular disease among chronic kidney disease patients: results from the Chinese cohort study of chronic kidney disease (C-STRIDE)

Background Although a high incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) is observed among chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients in developed countries, limited information is available about CVD prevalence and risk factors in the Chinese CKD population. The Chinese Cohort of Chronic Kidney Disease (C-STRIDE) was established to investigate the prevalence and risk factors of CVD among...

Generation of a Stable Transgenic Swine Model Expressing a Porcine Histone 2B-eGFP Fusion Protein for Cell Tracking and Chromosome Dynamics Studies

Transgenic pigs have become an attractive research model in the field of translational research, regenerative medicine, and stem cell therapy due to their anatomic, genetic and physiological similarities with humans. The development of fluorescent proteins as molecular tags has allowed investigators to track cell migration and engraftment levels after transplantation. Here we...

Plasmon-Enhanced Light Absorption in GaAs Nanowire Array Solar Cells

conceived and designed the sturcture. Xia Zhang,Xiaomin Ren and Xin Yan reviewed and edited the manuscript.All authors read and approved the final manuscript. Acknowledgements This work was supported by the

Analysis of Critical Dimensions for Nanowire Core-Multishell Heterostructures

Critical dimensions for nanowire core-multishell heterostructures are analyzed by using finite-element method based on the energy equilibrium criteria. Results show that the nanowire core-shell heterostructure can sufficiently reduce the strain in the shell and increase the critical shell thickness. The critical dimensions for the nanowire core-multishell heterostructure are...

Risk Factors for Complications after Reduction Mammoplasty: A Meta-Analysis

further article sources. Eligibility criteria The initial selection of studies was performed on the basis of titles and abstracts. Next, two investigators (Min-Xia Zhang and Chun-Ye Chen) independently ... (Min-Xia Zhang and Chun-Ye Chen), and any disagreement concerning paper eligibility was resolved by discussion and consensus. The data covered the general characteristics of each study and the outcomes