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48 papers found.
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The Asymmetric Effect of Bankruptcy Fraud in Sweden: A Long-Term Perspective

ObjectivesThe knowledge of the effects of white-collar crimes is incomplete. In the article, we operationalize white-collar crimes as bankruptcy frauds. Economic models maintain that interlinkages between firms may give ‘domino effects’: bankruptcy events could lead to ‘bankruptcy chains’ in which a bankruptcy spreads to other firms. Analogously, criminologists assert that social...

Destructive entrepreneurship in the small business sector: bankruptcy fraud in Sweden, 1830–2010

Entrepreneurship will not always productive: Baumol (1990, 1993) distinguishes between productive, unproductive, and destructive entrepreneurial activities, and in the last two cases, new values are not created. Setting of from the notion of destructive entrepreneurship and the bankruptcy institute as framework for the empirical analysis, we use long aggregate series on...

Comparison of segmental spinal movement control in adolescents with and without idiopathic scoliosis using modified pressure biofeedback unit

Background Postural rehabilitation emphasizing on motor control training of segmental spinal movements has been proposed to effectively reduce the scoliotic spinal deformities in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). However, information regarding the impairments of segmental spinal movement control involving segmental spinal stabilizers in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis...

A Method for Finding Metabolic Pathways Using Atomic Group Tracking

A fundamental computational problem in metabolic engineering is to find pathways between compounds. Pathfinding methods using atom tracking have been widely used to find biochemically relevant pathways. However, these methods require the user to define the atoms to be tracked. This may lead to failing to predict the pathways that do not conserve the user-defined atoms. In this...

Aligning Metabolic Pathways Exploiting Binary Relation of Reactions

Metabolic pathway alignment has been widely used to find one-to-one and/or one-to-many reaction mappings to identify the alternative pathways that have similar functions through different sets of reactions, which has important applications in reconstructing phylogeny and understanding metabolic functions. The existing alignment methods exhaustively search reaction sets, which may...

Evaluation of surgical anti-adhesion products to reduce postsurgical intra-abdominal adhesion formation in a rat model

Background Adhesions frequently occur after abdominal surgery. Many anti-adhesion products have been used in clinic. However, the evidences are short for surgeons to reasonably choose the suitable anti-adhesion produces in clinical practice. This study provided such evidence by comparing the efficiency of five products to prevent abdominal adhesion formation in a rat model...

Distinctive Effects of Cytochalasin B in Chick Primary Myoblasts and Fibroblasts

Actin-based structures play fundamental roles in cellular functions. However it remains controversial how cells cope with the absence of F-actin structures. This report focuses on short- and long-term effects of cytochalasin B (CB) on actin-complexes in fibroblasts and myoblasts. Thirty min of CB treatment dispersed subplasma actin cortices, lamellipodia, ruffled membranes...

Nonzero-Sum Stochastic Differential Portfolio Games under a Markovian Regime Switching Model

We consider a nonzero-sum stochastic differential portfolio game problem in a continuous-time Markov regime switching environment when the price dynamics of the risky assets are governed by a Markov-modulated geometric Brownian motion (GBM). The market parameters, including the bank interest rate and the appreciation and volatility rates of the risky assets, switch over time...

Flexural Strength of Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer Repaired Cracked Rectangular Hollow Section Steel Beams

The flexural behavior of rectangular hollow section (RHS) steel beams with initial crack strengthened externally with carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) plates was studied. Eight specimens were tested under three-point loading to failure. The experimental program included three beams as control specimens and five beams strengthened with CFRP plates with or without...

Gene-Based Genome-Wide Association Analysis in European and Asian Populations Identified Novel Genes for Rheumatoid Arthritis

Objective Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a complex autoimmune disease. Using a gene-based association research strategy, the present study aims to detect unknown susceptibility to RA and to address the ethnic differences in genetic susceptibility to RA between European and Asian populations. Methods Gene-based association analyses were performed with KGG 2.5 by using publicly...

Diagnostic Accuracy of NT-ProBNP for Heart Failure with Sepsis in Patients Younger than 18 Years

This clinical study investigated plasma NT-proBNP levels as a potential predictor of heart failure in pediatric patients with sepsis. Plasma NT-ProBNP levels of 211 pediatric patients with sepsis and 126 healthy children were measured. Patients were stratified as with heart failure (HF) or without heart failure (non-HF). Patients were graded as having sepsis, severe sepsis, or...

Influences of Realgar-Indigo naturalis, A Traditional Chinese Medicine Formula, on the Main CYP450 Activities in Rats Using a Cocktail Method

,2 Ming Li,2 Hong-Ling Tan,2 Yu-Guang Wang,2 Xiang-Lin Tang,2 Cheng-Rong Xiao,2 Qian-De Liang,2 Yue Gao,1,2 and Zeng-Chun Ma1,2 1Guangdong Pharmaceutical University, Guangzhou 510006, China 2Institute ... of interests. Authors’ Contributions Fei-Ran Hao, Mei-Xi Wang, Si-Jia Ren, Ming Li, Hong-Ling Tan, Yu-Guang Wang, Xiang-Lin Tang, Cheng-Rong Xiao, and Qian-De Liang carried out animal drug delivery and

A Cellular Automata Traffic Flow Model considering Bus Lane Changing Behavior with Scheduling Parameters

According to different driving behavioral characteristics of bus drivers, a cellular automata traffic model considering the bus lane changing behavior with scheduling parameters is proposed in this paper. Traffic bottleneck problems caused by bus stops are simulated in multiple lanes roads with no-bay bus stations. With the mixed traffic flow composed of different bus arrival...

Decadal change of the East Asian summer monsoon and its related surface temperature in Asia-Pacific during 1880–2004

The East Asian summer monsoon (EASM) and its related change of surface temperature in the past century were not clearly addressed due to absence of atmospheric reanalysis data before 1948. On the benchmark of station-observed sea level pressure (SLP) in China, we utilized multiple SLP datasets and evaluated their qualities in measuring the SLP-based EASM index (EASMI). It is...

A Hypothesis: Hydrogen Sulfide Might Be Neuroprotective against Subarachnoid Hemorrhage Induced Brain Injury

Gases such as nitric oxide (NO) and carbon monoxide (CO) play important roles both in normal physiology and in disease. Recent studies have shown that hydrogen sulfide (H2S) protects neurons against oxidative stress and ischemia-reperfusion injury and attenuates lipopolysaccharides (LPS) induced neuroinflammation in microglia, exhibiting anti-inflammatory and antiapoptotic...

Transcriptomic analysis of pancreatic cancer cells in response to metformin and aspirin: an implication of synergy

AffiliationsRutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, NJ 08901Wen Yue, Emmanuel Zachariah, Yong Lin, Chung S. Yang, Robert S. DiPaola & Xiang-Lin TanDepartment ... Qing Xu in:Nature Research journals • PubMed • Google ScholarSearch for Robert S. DiPaola in:Nature Research journals • PubMed • Google ScholarSearch for Xiang-Lin Tan in:Nature Research journals

Characteristics of Differently Located Colorectal Cancers Support Proximal and Distal Classification: A Population-Based Study of 57,847 Patients

Background It has been suggested that colorectal cancer be regarded as several subgroups defined according to tumor location rather than as a single entity. The current study aimed to identify the most useful method for grouping colorectal cancer by tumor location according to both baseline and survival characteristics. Methods Cases of pathologically confirmed colorectal...

Naringin Stimulates Osteogenic Differentiation of Rat Bone Marrow Stromal Cells via Activation of the Notch Signaling Pathway

Naringin is a major flavonoid found in grapefruit and is an active compound extracted from the Chinese herbal medicine Rhizoma Drynariae. Naringin is a potent stimulator of osteogenic differentiation and has potential application in preventing bone loss. However, the signaling pathway underlying its osteogenic effect remains unclear. We hypothesized that the osteogenic activity...

Performance modeling and optimization of sparse matrix-vector multiplication on NVIDIA CUDA platform

In this article, we discuss the performance modeling and optimization of Sparse Matrix-Vector Multiplication ( ) on NVIDIA GPUs using CUDA. has a very low computation-data ratio and its performance is mainly bound by the memory bandwidth. We propose optimization of based on ELLPACK from two aspects: (1) enhanced performance for the dense vector by reducing cache misses, and (2...

Global and China temperature changes associated with the inter-decadal variations of East Asian summer monsoon advances

The modern atmospheric observation and literatural historical drought-flood records were used to extract the inter-decadal signals of dry-wet modes in eastern China and reveal the possible relationship of global and China temperature changes associated with the East Asian summer monsoon advances. A climate pattern of “wet-north and dry-south” in eastern China and cool period in...