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Indigenous species barcode database improves the identification of zooplankton

supported by the Collaborative Innovation Center for Regional Environmental Quality. 12 / 15 Author Contributions Conceptualization: Xiaowei Zhang, G. Allen Burton, Jr. Data curation: Jianghua Yang, Yuwei ... Xie. Formal analysis: Wanwan Zhang. Funding acquisition: Xiaowei Zhang. Investigation: Jingying Sun, Yuwei Xie. Methodology: Wanwan Zhang, Jingying Sun. Project administration: Jianghua Yang

Regeneration of hyaline-like cartilage in situ with SOX9 stimulation of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells

Microfracture, a common procedure for treatment of cartilage injury, induces fibrocartilage repair by recruiting bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) to the site of cartilage injury. However, fibrocartilage is inferior biomechanically to hyaline cartilage. SRY-type high-mobility group box-9 (SOX9) is a master regulator of chondrogenesis by promoting proliferation and...

Bmi-1 regulates stem cell-like properties of gastric cancer cells via modulating miRNAs

Background B cell-specific Moloney murine leukemia virus integration site 1 (Bmi-1) plays an important role in regulating stemness in some kinds of cancer. However, the mechanisms remain unclear. This study was to investigate whether and how Bmi-1 regulates stemness of gastric cancer. Methods We firstly explored the role of Bmi-1 in regulating stem cell-like features in gastric...

Estimate Hand Poses Efficiently from Single Depth Images

This paper aims to tackle the practically very challenging problem of efficient and accurate hand pose estimation from single depth images. A dedicated two-step regression forest pipeline is proposed: given an input hand depth image, step one involves mainly estimation of 3D location and in-plane rotation of the hand using a pixel-wise regression forest. This is utilized in step...

Tick-borne encephalitis virus induces chemokine RANTES expression via activation of IRF-3 pathway

Background Tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) is one of the most important flaviviruses that targets the central nervous system (CNS) and causes encephalitides in humans. Although neuroinflammatory mechanisms may contribute to brain tissue destruction, the induction pathways and potential roles of specific chemokines in TBEV-mediated neurological disease are poorly understood...

A Comprehensive Alanine-Scanning Mutagenesis Study Reveals Roles for Salt Bridges in the Structure and Activity of Pseudomonas aeruginosa Elastase

The relationship between salt bridges and stability/enzymatic activity is unclear. We studied this relationship by systematic alanine-scanning mutation analysis using the typical M4 family metalloprotease Pseudomonas aeruginosa elastase (PAE, also known as pseudolysin) as a model. Structural analysis revealed seven salt bridges in the PAE structure. We constructed ten mutants for...

Enhanced photovoltaic property by forming p-i-n structures containing Si quantum dots/SiC multilayers

Si quantum dots (Si QDs)/SiC multilayers were fabricated by annealing hydrogenated amorphous Si/SiC multilayers prepared in a plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition system. The thickness of amorphous Si layer was designed to be 4 nm, and the thickness of amorphous SiC layer was kept at 2 nm. Transmission electron microscopy observation revealed the formation of Si QDs after...

MUC1 gene polymorphism rs4072037 and susceptibility to gastric cancer: a meta-analysis

The association between MUC1 polymorphism rs4072037 and the risk of gastric cancer has been described in several studies. However, these studies yielded inconsistent results, especially in different pathological type of gastric cancer. Therefore, we performed this meta-analysis to evaluate the relationship between MUC1 gene polymorphism and gastric cancer susceptibility. A...

Tunable nonlinear optical properties in nanocrystalline Si/SiO2 multilayers under femtosecond excitation

The nonlinear optical properties of nanocrystalline-Si/SiO2 (nc-Si/SiO2) multilayers have been investigated through Z-scan technique by using a Ti-sapphire laser with 50-fs pulse duration at 800 nm as a pump laser. It is interesting to note that with increasing the annealing temperature to make the sample change from amorphous phase to nanocrystalline state, the nonlinear...

Theoretical and numerical analysis of coal dust separated by centrifugal force for working and heading faces

In order to meet engineering needs of Chinese underground coal mines, a new dust-collecting fan, a device of dust separated by centrifugal force in driven cyclone passageway (DCCP) was designed. In centrifugal dust removal section (CDRS) of DCCP, a general equation is derived from the principle of force equilibrium. According to CDRS structure parameters and fan running...

Prognostic Value of FGFR Gene Amplification in Patients with Different Types of Cancer: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Zhang 0 Jin Li 0 Pirkko L. Harko nen, Institute of Biomedicine, Finland 0 Department of Medical Oncology, Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center; Department of Oncology, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan

Perception, Price and Preference: Consumption and Protection of Wild Animals Used in Traditional Medicine

A wide array of wildlife species, including many animals, are used in traditional medicines across many medicinal systems, including in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM). Due to over-exploitation and habitat loss, the populations of many animals commonly used in TCM have declined and are unable to meet market demand. A number of measures have been taken to try to reduce the...

Differential reconstructed gene interaction networks for deriving toxicity threshold in chemical risk assessment

Background Pathway alterations reflected as changes in gene expression regulation and gene interaction can result from cellular exposure to toxicants. Such information is often used to elucidate toxicological modes of action. From a risk assessment perspective, alterations in biological pathways are a rich resource for setting toxicant thresholds, which may be more sensitive and...

In vivo imaging of protein–protein and RNA–protein interactions using novel far-red fluorescence complementation systems

Imaging of protein–protein and RNA–protein interactions in vivo, especially in live animals, is still challenging. Here we developed far-red mNeptune-based bimolecular fluorescence complementation (BiFC) and trimolecular fluorescence complementation (TriFC) systems with excitation and emission above 600 nm in the ‘tissue optical window’ for imaging of protein–protein and RNA...

Loss of CARM1 is linked to reduced HuR function in replicative senescence

Zhang 0 Wengong Wang 0 0 Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Peking University health Science Center , 38 Xueyuan Road, Beijing 100191 , P. R. China 1 Laboratory of Molecular Biology and

The Organelle Genomes of Hassawi Rice (Oryza sativa L.) and Its Hybrid in Saudi Arabia: Genome Variation, Rearrangement, and Origins

Hassawi rice (Oryza sativa L.) is a landrace adapted to the climate of Saudi Arabia, characterized by its strong resistance to soil salinity and drought. Using high quality sequencing reads extracted from raw data of a whole genome sequencing project, we assembled both chloroplast (cp) and mitochondrial (mt) genomes of the wild-type Hassawi rice (Hassawi-1) and its dwarf hybrid...

Association of Dyslipidemia with Renal Cell Carcinoma: A 1∶2 Matched Case-Control Study

Abnormal serum lipid profiles are associated with the risk of some cancers, but the direction and magnitude of the association with renal cell carcinoma is unclear. We explore the relationship between serum lipids and renal cell carcinoma via a matched case-control study. A 1∶2-matched case-control study design was applied, where one renal cell carcinoma patient was matched to...

Altered Reward Circuitry in the Norepinephrine Transporter Knockout Mouse

Synaptic levels of the monoamine neurotransmitters dopamine, serotonin, and norepinephrine are modulated by their respective plasma membrane transporters, albeit with a few exceptions. Monoamine transporters remove monoamines from the synaptic cleft and thus influence the degree and duration of signaling. Abnormal concentrations of these neuronal transmitters are implicated in a...

Association of the genetic variants of luteinizing hormone, luteinizing hormone receptor and polycystic ovary syndrome

Background High circulating luteinizing hormone (LH) level is a typical biochemical feature of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) whose pathophysiology is still unclear. Certain mutations of LH and LH receptor (LHR) may lead to changes in bioactivity of these hormones. The aim of this study was determine the role of the LH and LHR polymorphisms in the pathogenesis of PCOS using a...