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297 papers found.
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Nonuniform antenna array design by parallelizing three-parent crossover genetic algorithm

Antenna plays a very important role in wireless communication. Array elements laid out nonuniformly could achieve better frequency reliability and lower sidelobe level than uniform spaced elements. Designing desirable nonuniform antenna array requires the tuning of distances between each element, excitation, amplitude, and so on. Such design problem can be solved by genetic ...

A search for sterile neutrinos with the latest cosmological observations

We report the result of a search for sterile neutrinos with the latest cosmological observations. Both cases of massless and massive sterile neutrinos are considered in the \(\Lambda \)CDM cosmology. The cosmological observations used in this work include the Planck 2015 temperature and polarization data, the baryon acoustic oscillation data, the Hubble constant direct measurement ...

Dynamic behaviors of a modified SIR model in epidemic diseases using nonlinear incidence and recovery rates

The transmission of infectious diseases has been studied by mathematical methods since 1760s, among which SIR model shows its advantage in its epidemiological description of spread mechanisms. Here we established a modified SIR model with nonlinear incidence and recovery rates, to understand the influence by any government intervention and hospitalization condition variation in the ...

A non-revisiting artificial bee colony algorithm for phased array synthesis

An effective non-revisiting artificial bee colony (NrABC) algorithm based on the paradigm of artificial bee colony (ABC) is developed in this paper. NrABC is applied to tackle the synthesis of phased linear arrays. Pros and cons of NrABC is provided along with a comparison to standard ABC. Binary space partitioning tree structure is used to record history evolutionary information. ...

The genetic evolution of canine parvovirus – A new perspective

To trace the evolution process of CPV-2, all of the VP2 gene sequences of CPV-2 and FPV (from 1978 to 2015) from GenBank were analyzed in this study. Then, several new ideas regarding CPV-2 evolution were presented. First, the VP2 amino acid 555 and 375 positions of CPV-2 were first ruled out as a universal mutation site in CPV-2a and amino acid 101 position of FPV feature I or T ...

A hesitant group emergency decision making method based on prospect theory

Group emergency decision-making (GEDM) problems have drawn great attention in past few years due to its advantages of dealing with the emergency events (EEs) effectively. Due to the fact that EEs are usually featured by lack of information and time pressure, decision makers (DMs) are often bound rational and their psychological behaviors are very crucial to the GEDM process. ...

Population-adaptive differential evolution-based power allocation algorithm for cognitive radio networks

Zhang 0 1 0 Tianjin Key Laboratory of Wireless Mobile Communications and Power Transmission, Tianjin Normal University , Tianjin , China 1 College of Electronic and Communication Engineering, Tianjin

Multi-example feature-constrained back-projection method for image super-resolution

, Jinan, China, and is working in the Earthquake Administration of Shandong Province. His research interests include data warehousing and earthquake prediction. Xin Zhang is a Ph.D. student in the

Comparison of dark energy models after Planck 2015

We make a comparison for ten typical, popular dark energy models according to their capabilities of fitting the current observational data. The observational data we use in this work include the JLA sample of type Ia supernovae observation, the Planck 2015 distance priors of cosmic microwave background observation, the baryon acoustic oscillations measurements, and the direct ...

\( {\varLambda}_b\to {\varLambda}_c\tau {\overline{\nu}}_{\tau } \) decay in scalar and vector leptoquark scenarios

It has been shown that the anomalies observed in \( \overline{B}\to {D}^{\left(\ast \right)}\tau {\overline{\nu}}_{\tau } \) and \( \overline{B}\to \overline{K}{\ell}^{+}{\ell}^{-} \) decays can be resolved by adding a single scalar or vector leptoquark to the Standard Model, while constraints from other precision measurements in the flavour sector can be satisfied without ...

Transcriptome Analysis Reveals Comprehensive Insights into the Early Immune Response of Large Yellow Croaker (Larimichthys crocea) Induced by Trivalent Bacterial Vaccine

Vaccination is an effective and safe strategy for combating bacterial diseases in fish, but the mechanisms underlying the early immune response after vaccination remain to be elucidated. In the present study, we used RNA-seq technology to perform transcriptome analysis of spleens from large yellow croaker (Larimichthys crocea) induced by inactivated trivalent bacterial vaccine ...

A vaccine with Aβ oligomer-specific mimotope attenuates cognitive deficits and brain pathologies in transgenic mice with Alzheimer’s disease

Background β-Amyloid peptide (Aβ) oligomers are initial factors used to induce Alzheimer’s disease (AD) development, and Aβ monomers have normal physiological function. The antibodies or vaccines against Aβ monomers have serious problems, such as side effects and low curative effects. Therefore, it is essential to specifically target Aβ oligomers rather than monomers for the ...

Improving smoothing efficiency of rigid conformal polishing tool using time-dependent smoothing evaluation model

A rigid conformal (RC) lap can smooth mid-spatial-frequency (MSF) errors, which are naturally smaller than the tool size, while still removing large-scale errors in a short time. However, the RC-lap smoothing efficiency performance is poorer than expected, and existing smoothing models cannot explicitly specify the methods to improve this efficiency. We presented an explicit ...

The Effects of Feedback on Memory Strategies of Younger and Older Adults

Existing literature suggests that feedback could effectively reduce false memories in younger adults. However, it is unclear whether memory performance in older adults also might be affected by feedback. The current study tested the hypothesis that older adults can use immediate feedback to adjust their memory strategy, similar to younger adults, but after feedback is removed, ...

Reducing and Uniforming the Co3 O 4 Particle Size by Sulfonated Graphenal Polymers for Electrochemical Applications

A novel two-dimensional (2D) nanomaterial, namely sulfonated graphenal polymer (SGP), is used to tune the hydrothermal growth of Co3O4 nanoparticles. SGP provides abundant nucleation sites to grow Co3O4 nanoparticles and effectively reduces the particle size and dimension. As a result, with considering the improved size uniformity of Co3O4 and the tight wrapping of SGP around Co3O4 ...

Optimal design and analysis of wireless power transfer system with converter circuit

Wireless power transfer (WPT) technology has many applications by virtue of its intrinsic safety and convenience characteristics. This is particularly so when the WPT systems are used in conjunction with implanted medical devices, as they can greatly reduce the pain of patients and their financial burdens. In previous researches, the optimal system mainly focuses on the design of ...

Experimental Study on Thermal Conductivity and Hardness of Cu and Ni Nanoparticle Packed Bed for Thermoelectric Application

The hot-wire method is applied in this paper to probe the thermal conductivity (TC) of Cu and Ni nanoparticle packed beds (NPBs). A different decrease tendency of TC versus porosity than that currently known is discovered. The relationship between the porosity and nanostructure is investigated to explain this unusual phenomenon. It is found that the porosity dominates the TC of the ...