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A non-revisiting artificial bee colony algorithm for phased array synthesis

An effective non-revisiting artificial bee colony (NrABC) algorithm based on the paradigm of artificial bee colony (ABC) is developed in this paper. NrABC is applied to tackle the synthesis of phased linear arrays. Pros and cons of NrABC is provided along with a comparison to standard ABC. Binary space partitioning tree structure is used to record history evolutionary information. ...

Improving smoothing efficiency of rigid conformal polishing tool using time-dependent smoothing evaluation model

A rigid conformal (RC) lap can smooth mid-spatial-frequency (MSF) errors, which are naturally smaller than the tool size, while still removing large-scale errors in a short time. However, the RC-lap smoothing efficiency performance is poorer than expected, and existing smoothing models cannot explicitly specify the methods to improve this efficiency. We presented an explicit ...

Comparison of dark energy models after Planck 2015

We make a comparison for ten typical, popular dark energy models according to their capabilities of fitting the current observational data. The observational data we use in this work include the JLA sample of type Ia supernovae observation, the Planck 2015 distance priors of cosmic microwave background observation, the baryon acoustic oscillations measurements, and the direct ...

Population-adaptive differential evolution-based power allocation algorithm for cognitive radio networks

Zhang 0 1 0 Tianjin Key Laboratory of Wireless Mobile Communications and Power Transmission, Tianjin Normal University , Tianjin , China 1 College of Electronic and Communication Engineering, Tianjin

MoS2 with tunable surface structure directed by thiophene adsorption toward HDS and HER

MoS2 catalysts with more active sites and larger surface areas were successfully synthesized via a simple hydrothermal reaction method, and the surface structure of MoS2 was readily tailored by simply adding thiophene during the synthesis procedure. The MoS2 samples synthesized with thiophene, especially MoS2 prepared with 200 μL of thiophene, concomitantly exhibited better ...

Small lung lesions invisible under fluoroscopy are located accurately by three-dimensional localization technique on chest wall surface and performed bronchoscopy procedures to increase diagnostic yields

Background Nowadays, small peripheral pulmonary lesions (PPLs) are frequently detected and the prognosis of lung cancer depends on the early diagnosis. Because of the high fee and requiring specialized training, many advanced techniques are not available in many developing countries and rural districts. Methods Three sets of opaque soft copper wires visible under the fluoroscopy ...

Synergistic Enhancement of Antitumor Efficacy by PEGylated Multi-walled Carbon Nanotubes Modified with Cell-Penetrating Peptide TAT

In the present study, a cell-penetrating peptide, the transactivating transcriptional factor (TAT) domain from HIV, was linked to PEGylated multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) to develop a highly effective antitumor drug delivery system. FITC was conjugated on MWCNTs-polyethylene glycol (PEG) and MWCNTs-PEG-TAT to provide fluorescence signal for tracing the cellular uptake of ...

Revisiting the one leptoquark solution to the R(D (∗)) anomalies and its phenomenological implications

It has been shown recently that the anomalies observed in \( \overline{B}\to {D}^{\left(*\right)}\tau {\overline{\nu}}_{\tau } \) and \( \overline{B}\to \overline{K}{\ell}^{+}{\ell}^{-} \) decays could be resolved with just one scalar leptoquark. Fitting to the current data on R(D(∗)) along with acceptable q 2 distributions in \( \overline{B}\to {D}^{\left(\ast \right)}\tau ...

Influence of Nanopore Shapes on Thermal Conductivity of Two-Dimensional Nanoporous Material

-Xin Zhang 0 Ge Wang 2 0 School of Mechanical Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing , Beijing 100083 , China 1 School of Electric Power Engineering, China University of Mining and

A novel artificial bee colony algorithm for radar polyphase code and antenna array designs

When designing radar, mobile, or satellite communication systems, optimization problems often come out and need to be handled to accomplish certain requirements. Polyphase code design and circular antenna array design problems are considered in this paper. To deal with the two problems, a novel artificial bee colony (ABC) algorithm is proposed. A population reduction method is used ...

A study of artificial bee colony variants for radar waveform design

Waveform design and diversity is the technology that allows one or more sensors (e.g., radar or radar sensor networks) on board a platform to automatically change operating parameters, e.g., frequency, gain pattern, and pulse repetition frequency, to meet the varying environments. Optimization problems in the design of radar waveforms such as polyphase code design often bring ...

Constraining dark energy with Hubble parameter measurements: an analysis including future redshift-drift observations

The nature of dark energy affects the Hubble expansion rate (namely, the expansion history) H(z) by an integral over w(z). However, the usual observables are the luminosity distances or the angular diameter distances, which measure the distance–redshift relation. Actually, the property of dark energy affects the distances (and the growth factor) by a further integration over ...

Seminal fluid protein genes of the brown planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens

Background Seminal fluid proteins (SFPs) are produced mainly in the accessory gland of male insects and transferred to females during mating, in which they induce numerous physiological and post-mating behavioral changes. The brown plant hopper (BPH), Nilaparvata lugens, is an economically important hemipterous pest of rice. The behavior and physiology of the female of this species ...

Downward trend in the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infections and corresponding frequent upper gastrointestinal diseases profile changes in Southeastern China between 2003 and 2012

This present study aims to determine trends in the prevalence of H. pylori infections in Southeastern China between 2003 and 2012, and investigate corresponding changes in the prevalence of upper gastrointestinal diseases. This retrospective study screened 196,442 patients with a mean age of 47.49 ± 14.47 years (age range 5–100 years) in Southeastern China, and a total of 134,812 ...

Where is the future of China’s biogas? Review, forecast, and policy implications

Biogas production; China; Temporal-spatial; Forecast; Policy - & Yi-Xin Zhang & Jian-Zhou Wang department. In addition, China’s biogas production will present a more uneven pattern among regions in

Primary spontaneous pneumothorax: simultaneous treatment by bilateral non-intubated videothoracoscopy

OBJECTIVES Through a retrospective study, we assessed the feasibility and safety of simultaneous bilateral thoracoscopic wedge resection of blebs or bullae for the treatment of primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP) under thoracic epidural anaesthesia with spontaneous ventilation.

SIGIRR participates in negative regulation of LPS response and tolerance in human bladder epithelial cells

Background The innate immune response of urinary tract is critically important in the defense to microbial attack. Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) controls initial mucosal response to uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC). However, excessive and dysfunctional TLR signaling may result in severe inflammation and inappropriate tissue damage. Previous studies have demonstrated that single ...

Interactions with the MC4R rs17782313 variant, mental stress and energy intake and the risk of obesity in Genome Epidemiology Study

Xin Zhang 0 Hyun Seok Jin 1 Hye Ja Lee 4 Yong Hyun Lee 3 0 Department of Food and Nutrition, Obesity/Diabetes Research Center, Hoseo University , 165 Sechul-Ri, BaeBang-Yup, Asan-Si, Chung Nam-Do 336

The downregulation of the RNA-binding protein Staufen2 in response to DNA damage promotes apoptosis

Staufen2 (Stau2) is an RNA-binding protein involved in cell fate decision by controlling several facets of mRNA processing including localization, splicing, translation and stability. Herein we report that exposure to DNA-damaging agents that generate replicative stress such as camptothecin (CPT), 5-fluoro-uracil (5FU) and ultraviolet radiation (UVC) causes downregulation of Stau2 ...