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Novel genetic locus at MHC region for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma in Chinese populations

Background Our previous genome-wide association study (GWAS) identified three independent single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in human major histocompatibility complex (MHC) region showing association with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). In this study, we increased GWAS sample size on MHC region and performed validation in an independent ESCC cases and normal...

Body fluid levels of neuroactive amino acids in autism spectrum disorders: a review of the literature

A review of studies on the body fluid levels of neuroactive amino acids, including glutamate, glutamine, taurine, gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), glycine, tryptophan, d-serine, and others, in autism spectrum disorders (ASD) is given. The results reported in the literature are generally inconclusive and contradictory, but there has been considerable variation among the previous...

Quetiapine mitigates the ethanol-induced oxidative stress in brain tissue, but not in the liver, of the rat

Quetiapine mitigates the ethanol-induced oxidative stress in brain tissue, but not in the liver, of the rat Jin-hong Han,1,2 Hong-zhao Tian,2 Yang-yang Lian,1 Yi Yu,1 Cheng-biao Lu,2 Xin-min Li,3 Rui

White Matter Abnormalities and Animal Models Examining a Putative Role of Altered White Matter in Schizophrenia

. Shenton Copyright © 2011 Haiyun Xu and Xin-Min Li. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and

A New Conversation between Radiology and Pathology-Identifying Microvascular Architecture in Stages of Cirrhosis via Diffraction Enhanced Imaging In Vitro

Background/Aim Diffraction enhanced imaging (DEI) is a synchrotron radiation X-ray phase-contrast imaging technique that can better reveal the microstructure of biological soft tissues than conventional X-rays. The aim of this study is to investigate the angio-architectural changes of the liver during fibrosis, cirrhosis and its subsequent regression by applying synchrotron...

Comparison of QCT and DXA: Osteoporosis Detection Rates in Postmenopausal Women

Objective. To compare the osteoporosis detection rates in postmenopausal women when measuring bone mineral density (BMD) with quantitative computed tomography (QCT) in the spine versus dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) in the spine and hip and to investigate the reasons for the discrepancy between the two techniques. Methods. Spinal volumetric BMD was measured with QCT, and areal...

SOD1 aggregation in astrocytes following ischemia/reperfusion injury: a role of NO-mediated S-nitrosylation of protein disulfide isomerase (PDI)

Background Ubiquitinated-protein aggregates are implicated in cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury. The very presence of these ubiquitinated-protein aggregates is abnormal and seems to be disease-related. However, it is not clear what leads to aggregate formation and whether the aggregations represent a reaction to aggregate-mediated neurodegeneration. Methods To study the...