Advanced search    

Search: authors:"Yan Q Xiong"

12 papers found.
Use AND, OR, NOT, +word, -word, "long phrase", (parentheses) to fine-tune your search.

Role of the Serine-Rich Surface Glycoprotein Srr1 of Streptococcus agalactiae in the Pathogenesis of Infective Endocarditis

The binding of bacteria to fibrinogen and platelets are important events in the pathogenesis of infective endocarditis. Srr1 is a serine-rich repeat glycoprotein of Streptococcus agalactiae that binds directly to the Aα chain of human fibrinogen. To assess the impact of Srr1 on the pathogenesis of endocarditis due to S. agalactiae, we first examined the binding of this organism to ...

MgrA Activates Expression of Capsule Genes, but Not the α-Toxin Gene in Experimental Staphylococcus aureus Endocarditis

Background. Staphylococcus aureus produces numerous virulence factors but little is known about their in vivo regulation during an infection. Methods. The production of capsule and α-toxin, and the expression of their respective genes, cap5 and hla, were analyzed by comparing CYL11481 (derivative of Newman) and its isogenic regulatory mutants in vitro. The temporal expression of ...

Divergent Responses of Different Endothelial Cell Types to Infection with Candida albicans and Staphylococcus aureus

Endothelial cells are important in the pathogenesis of bloodstream infections caused by Candida albicans and Staphylococcus aureus. Numerous investigations have used human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) to study microbial-endothelial cell interactions in vitro. However, the use of HUVECs requires a constant supply of umbilical cords, and there are significant ...

Bacteriophage Lysin Mediates the Binding of Streptococcus mitis to Human Platelets through Interaction with Fibrinogen

The binding of bacteria to human platelets is a likely central mechanism in the pathogenesis of infective endocarditis. We have previously found that platelet binding by Streptococcus mitis SF100 is mediated by surface components encoded by a lysogenic bacteriophage, SM1. We now demonstrate that SM1-encoded lysin contributes to platelet binding via its direct interaction with ...

Factors Influencing Time to Vancomycin-Induced Clearance of Nonendocarditis Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Bacteremia: Role of Platelet Microbicidal Protein Killing and agr Genotypes

Background. Vancomycin susceptibility, the accessory gene global regulator (agr) genotype and function, staphylococcal cassette chromosome (SCC) mec type, and susceptibility to cationic thrombin-induced platelet microbicidal protein 1 (tPMP-1) have been individually predictive of duration of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bacteremia. This investigation evaluated ...

Disparity in the In Vitro versus In Vivo Regulation of Fibronectin-Binding Proteins by 2 Global Regulators, saeRS and sigB, in Staphylococcus aureus

Fibronectin-binding protein A plays an important role in Staphylococcus aureus endovascular infections. We characterized the sigB-saeRS-fnbA expression network with fibronectin binding in vitro and in an experimental infective endocarditis (IE) model using parental strains RN6390 and SH1000 and their respective isogenic saeRS mutants. In contrast to the in vitro data, there was no ...

Role of mgrA and sarA in Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Autolysis and Resistance to Cell Wall-Active Antibiotics

Background. We have previously shown the importance of mgrA and sarA in controlling autolysis of Staphylococcus aureus, with MgrA and SarA both being negative regulators of murein hydrolases.Methods. In this study, we analyzed the effects of mgrA and sarA on antibiotic-mediated lysis in vitro and on the responses to cell wall-active antibiotic therapy in an experimental ...

Enhanced Expression of dltABCD Is Associated with the Development of Daptomycin Nonsusceptibility in a Clinical Endocarditis Isolate of Staphylococcus aureus

Using isogenic clinical bloodstream Staphylococcus aureus strains from a patient with relapsing endocarditis, we investigated the transcriptional profiles of the mprF and dlt genes in the context of cell-surface charge and daptomycin nonsusceptibility. As in prior studies, a point mutation within mprF was observed in the daptomycin-nonsusceptible strain. However, neither the ...

A Structural Model for Binding of the Serine-Rich Repeat Adhesin GspB to Host Carbohydrate Receptors

GspB is a serine-rich repeat (SRR) adhesin of Streptococcus gordonii that mediates binding of this organism to human platelets via its interaction with sialyl-T antigen on the receptor GPIbα. This interaction appears to be a major virulence determinant in the pathogenesis of infective endocarditis. To address the mechanism by which GspB recognizes its carbohydrate ligand, we ...

Phenotypic and Genotypic Characteristics of Persistent Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Bacteremia In Vitro and in an Experimental Endocarditis Model

Background. Persistent MRSA bacteremia (PB) represents an important subset of Staphylococcus aureus infections and correlates with poor clinical outcomes. Methods. We profiled relevant in vitro phenotypic and genotypic characteristics of MRSA isolates from 39 persons with bacteremia (21 had PB and 18 had resolving bacteremia [RB]). We also compared the intrinsic virulence and ...

Regulation of Staphylococcus aureus α-Toxin Gene (hla) Expression by agr, sarA and sae In Vitro and in Experimental Infective Endocarditis

BackgroundThe Staphylococcus aureus global regulators—agr, sarA and sae—coordinately control α-toxin gene (hla) expression in vitro. However, their relative in vivo contributions to hla expression, particularly in endovascular infections, have not been defined MethodsA plasmid-based hla-promoter:green fluorescent protein reporter system was constructed in 2 genetically related S. ...