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Graphene and Polymer Composites for Supercapacitor Applications: a Review

Supercapacitors, as one of the energy storage devices, exhibit ultrahigh capacitance, high power density, and long cycle. High specific surface area, mechanical and chemical stability, and low cost are often required for supercapacitor materials. Graphene, as a new emerging carbon material, has attracted a lot of attention in energy storage field due to its intrinsic properties...

WS2 nanoplates embedded in graphitic carbon nanotubes with excellent electrochemical performance for lithium and sodium storage

WS2 has been considered as a promising anode material due to its high lithium storage capacity as well as fascinating physical properties. However, the insufficient electrical and ionic conductivities deteriorate the rate performance of the batteries. Herein, we report a simple synthetic approach towards graphene-WS2 hybrids by rolling graphene into a hollow nanotube in which WS2...

All-boron fullerene B40: a superatomic structure

By means of the first-principles calculations, we reveal that B40 presents superatomic properties. It not only has superatomic 1S, 1P, 1D and 1F orbitals, but also has superatomic orbitals 2S, 2P, 2D and 2F. The superatomic 2F orbital of B40 is partially occupied, thus adding six electrons to the cluster leads to a superatomic structure of fully occupied shells. The computed...

Systematic review and meta-analysis of school-based obesity interventions in mainland China

components. (TIF) S1 Dataset. 76 included studies. (ZIP) Author Contributions Conceptualization: Lin Feng, Dong-Mei Wei, Shen-Ting Lin, Yang Gao, Hai-Jun Wang. Formal analysis: Lin Feng, Dong-Mei Wei, Shen ... -Ting Lin, Ralph Maddison, Cliona Ni Mhurchu, Yannan Jiang, Yang Gao, Hai-Jun Wang. Funding acquisition: Hai-Jun Wang. Investigation: Dong-Mei Wei, Shen-Ting Lin, Ralph Maddison, Yang Gao, Hai-Jun Wang

Combining FMEA with DEMATEL models to solve production process problems

manuscript. 12 / 15 Author Contributions Conceptualization: Sang-Bing Tsai, Jie Zhou, Yang Gao. Data curation: Jiangtao Wang, Guodong Li, Yuxiang Zheng, Peng Ren, Wei Xu. Formal analysis: Sang-Bing Tsai ... , Jie Zhou, Yang Gao. Funding acquisition: Jiangtao Wang, Guodong Li, Yuxiang Zheng, Peng Ren, Wei Xu. Investigation: Sang-Bing Tsai, Jie Zhou, Yang Gao. Methodology: Sang-Bing Tsai. Project

Proteome changes in the small intestinal mucosa of growing pigs with dietary supplementation of non-starch polysaccharide enzymes

Background Non-starch polysaccharide enzymes (NSPEs) have long been used in monogastric animal feed production to degrade non-starch polysaccharides (NSPs) to oligosaccharides in order to promote growth performance and gastrointestinal (GI) tract health. However, the precise molecular mechanism of NSPEs in the improvement of the mammalian small intestine remains unknown. Methods...

Erratum to: The initial condition problem of damped quantum harmonic oscillator

the author list as the manuscript was submitted without his knowledge. The remaining authors, Yang Gao, Qing Bin Tang and Ru Min Wang apologize to Prof. Robert O'Connell for the unwarranted inclusion of

Secreted Frizzled-Related Protein 2 (sFRP2) promotes osteosarcoma invasion and metastatic potential

Background Osteosarcoma (OS), which has a high potential for developing metastatic disease, is the most frequent malignant bone tumor in children and adolescents. Molecular analysis of a metastatic genetically engineered mouse model of osteosarcoma identified enhanced expression of Secreted Frizzled-Related Protein 2 (sFRP2), a putative regulator of Wnt signaling within...

Nanotechnology for the detection and kill of circulating tumor cells

Yang Gao 0 Zhou Yuan 0 0 Department of Surgery, Shanghai Jiao Tong University Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital , Shanghai 200233, China Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) represent a surrogate

Long-Term Experience of Chinese Calligraphic Handwriting Is Associated with Better Executive Functions and Stronger Resting-State Functional Connectivity in Related Brain Regions

Chinese calligraphic handwriting (CCH) is a traditional art form that requires high levels of concentration and motor control. Previous research has linked short-term training in CCH to improvements in attention and memory. Little is known about the potential impacts of long-term CCH practice on a broader array of executive functions and their potential neural substrates. In this...

Four-year observation of predictability and stability of small incision lenticule extraction

Background To investigate long-term refractive outcomes, wavefront aberrations and quality of life after small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) for moderate to high myopia. Methods A total of 26 patients (47 eyes) with preoperative mean spherical equivalent (SE) of -6.30 ± 1.47 diopters (D) who underwent SMILE were recruited. The measurements included uncorrected distance...

High incidence of adverse events during intra-hospital transport of critically ill patients and new related risk factors: a prospective, multicenter study in China

Background The aim of the present study was to investigate the incidence of adverse events (AEs) during intra-hospital transport (IHT) of critically ill patients and evaluate the risk factors associated with these events. Methods This prospective multicenter observational study was performed in 34 intensive care units in China during 20 consecutive days from 5 November to 25...

Hemodynamics in Coronary Arterial Tree of Serial Stenoses

Serial segmental narrowing frequently occurs in humans, which alters coronary hemodynamics and further affects atherosclerotic progression and plaque formation. The objective of this study was to understand the distribution of hemodynamic parameters in the epicardial left main coronary arterial (LMCA) tree with serial stenoses reconstructed from patient computer tomography...

Transduodenal ampullectomy provides a less invasive technique to cure early ampullary cancer

Background The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical efficiency of transduodenal ampullectomy (TDA) compared to conventional pancreatoduodenectomy (PD) in patients with early ampullary cancers. Methods We carried out a retrospective study by reviewing the medical records of 43 patients with early ampullary cancer who underwent either TDA or PD from January 2001 to...

Aphid performance changes with plant defense mediated by Cucumber mosaic virus titer

Background Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) causes appreciable losses in vegetables, ornamentals and agricultural crops. The green peach aphid, Myzus persicae Sulzer (Aphididae) is one of the most efficient vectors for CMV. The transmission ecology of aphid-vectored CMV has been well investigated. However, the detailed description of the dynamic change in the plant-CMV-aphid...

Clinical significance of pancreatic circulating tumor cells using combined negative enrichment and immunostaining-fluorescence in situ hybridization

Background Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) hold great potential in both clinical application and basic research for the managements of cancer. However, it remains to be an enormous challenge to obtain efficient detection of pancreatic CTCs. New detection platforms for the detection of pancreatic CTCs are urgently required. Methods In the present study, we applied a newly-developed...

Changes in Temperature Sensitivity and Activation Energy of Soil Organic Matter Decomposition in Different Qinghai-Tibet Plateau Grasslands

Qinghai-Tibet Plateau grasslands are unique geographical regions and store substantial soil organic matter (SOM) in the soil surface, which make them very sensitive to global climate change. Here, we focused on three main grassland types (alpine meadow, steppe, and desert) and conducted a soil incubation experiment at five different temperatures (5, 10, 15, 20, and 25°C) to...

The Invasion of Coastal Areas in South China by Ipomoea cairica May Be Accelerated by the Ecotype Being More Locally Adapted to Salt Stress

Local adaptation and phenotypic plasticity are two alternative mechanisms used by invasive plants for range expansion. We conducted a series of experiments to investigate the role of these mechanisms in the recent expansion of the invasive Ipomoea cairica from non-saline to salt-stressed coastal habitats. A comparison of the plant’s photosynthetic traits and construction costs...

Uterine epithelial cell proliferation and endometrial hyperplasia: evidence from a mouse model

In the uterus, epithelial cell proliferation changes during the estrous cycle and pregnancy. Uncontrolled epithelial cell proliferation results in implantation failure and/or cancer development. Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) signaling is a fundamental regulator of diverse biological processes and is indispensable for multiple reproductive functions. However, the in vivo...